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石油实验地质  2017, Vol. 39 Issue (3): 348-354    DOI: 10.11781/sysydz201703348
盆地·油藏 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
碎屑岩成岩作用及其对储层的影响——以鄂尔多斯盆地镇泾地区为例
刘长利1, 刘欣2, 张莉娜1, 陈贞龙1, 李吉君3, 王伟明3, 马锋4
1. 中国石化 华东油气分公司 勘探开发研究院, 南京 210000;
2. 中国石化 华东油气分公司 石油工程技术研究院, 南京 210000;
3. 中国石油大学(华东) 非常规油气与新能源研究院, 青岛 266580;
4. 中国石油勘探开发研究院, 北京 100083
Clastic rock diagenesis and its influence on reservoirs: A case study of Zhenjing area in the Ordos Basin
Liu Changli1, Liu Xin2, Zhang Lina1, Chen Zhenlong1, Li Jijun3, Wang Weiming3, Ma Feng4
1. Research Institute of Exploration & Development, SINOPEC East China Company, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210000, China;
2. Engineering Design & Research Institute, SINOPEC East China Company, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210000, China;
3. Research Institute of Unconventional Petroleum and Renewable Energy, China University of Petroleum(East China), Qingdao, Shandong 266580, China;
4. Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development, PetroChina, Beijing 100083, China
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摘要: 基于岩心观察、铸体薄片、扫描电镜、阴极发光等测试,对鄂尔多斯盆地镇泾地区延长组储层开展了成岩作用类型、成岩序列等研究。结果表明:(1)溶蚀孔的形成不仅有长石溶蚀的贡献,而且还有长石蚀变形成沸石的二次溶蚀贡献;微裂缝的形成是石英在强烈压实作用下导致的硅质微碎裂;晶间孔和粒间孔的形成与成岩早期形成的白云石抑制压实作用的进行密切相关;(2)早期形成的绿泥石膜,因成岩环境的改变,脱出大量的铁和镁离子,并在水解溶蚀作用下与絮凝胶体形成叶片状绿泥石,封堵孔隙;(3)镇泾地区成岩序列演化特征揭示,早期碳酸盐胶结物自形程度比较高;绿泥石膜是成岩初期的产物,第二期绿泥石多呈叶片状产出;早期浊沸石交代斜长石,在后期的溶蚀改造为储层提供了较好的储集空间;长石溶蚀形成书页状高岭石。
关键词 成岩作用成岩序列延长组镇泾地区鄂尔多斯盆地    
Abstract:The diagenetic types and diagenetic sequences of the Yanchang Formation in Zhenjing area of the Ordos Basin were studied based on core observation, casting thin section, scanning electron microscopy and catho-doluminescence. (1) Dissolution pores were not only from feldspar dissolution, but also the secondary dissolution of the feldspar alteration to form zeolite. Microfractures are siliceous microcracks caused by the strong compaction of quartz. The formation of intracrystalline pores and intergranular pores was closely related to the inhibition of compaction by dolomite formed early in diagenesis. (2) Due to the change of diagenetic environment, the early formed chlorite membranes released a large number of iron and magnesium ions, forming leaf-like chlorites during hydrolytic dissolution, which blocked pores. (3) The evolution characteristics of the diagenetic sequence in Zhenjing area reveal that the early carbonate cement has a high degree of self-formation. Chlorite membranes are the products of initial diagenesis, and leaf-like chlorites generated during the secondary diagenesis. Zeolites replaced plagioclases during the early phase, and then, the dissolution of zeolites provided better reservoir space. Feldspar dissolution yielded page-like kaolinites.
Key wordsdiagenesis    diagenetic sequence    Yanchang Formation    Zhenjing area    Ordos Basin
收稿日期: 2017-01-12     
ZTFLH:  TE122.21  
基金资助:“十三五”国家油气重大专项专题“四川盆地致密油资源潜力、甜点区预测与关键技术应用”(2016ZX05046006-008)资助。
作者简介: 刘长利(1962-),男,高级工程师,从事储层评价与预测方面的科研工作。E-mail:czlneo@163.com。
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引用本文:

刘长利, 刘欣, 张莉娜, 陈贞龙, 李吉君, 王伟明, 马锋. 碎屑岩成岩作用及其对储层的影响——以鄂尔多斯盆地镇泾地区为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(3): 348-354.
Liu Changli, Liu Xin, Zhang Lina, Chen Zhenlong, Li Jijun, Wang Weiming, Ma Feng. Clastic rock diagenesis and its influence on reservoirs: A case study of Zhenjing area in the Ordos Basin. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2017, 39(3): 348-354.

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http://www.sysydz.net/CN/10.11781/sysydz201703348      或      http://www.sysydz.net/CN/Y2017/V39/I3/348

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