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石油实验地质  2015, Vol. 37 Issue (2): 211-219    DOI: 10.11781/sysydz201502211
油气地球化学 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
莺歌海盆地底辟带DF区天然气地球化学特征差异及其成因
吴红烛1,2, 黄志龙1, 裴健翔3, 童传新3, 朱建成3, 刘平3, 朱珊珊3
1. 中国石油大学 油气资源与探测国家重点实验室, 北京 102249;
2. 浙江省地球物理地球化学勘查院, 杭州 310005;
3. 中国海洋石油总公司 湛江分公司, 广东 湛江 524057
Causes of natural gas geochemical differences in the high-temperature and overpressure zone of DF1-1 diapir belt, Yinggehai Basin
Wu Hongzhu1,2, Huang Zhilong1, Pei Jianxiang3, Tong Chuanxin3, Zhu Jiancheng3, Liu Ping3, Zhu Shanshan3
1. State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resource and Prospecting, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China;
2. Zhejiang Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration Institute, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310005, China;
3. CNOOC Zhanjiang Branch, Zhangjiang, Guangdong 524057, China
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摘要: 

以现代天然气地质学理论为指导,综合运用天然气地球化学分析技术、流体包裹体技术及油气成藏储层示踪技术,对莺歌海盆地中央底辟区中深层高温高压带天然气地球化学特征、成因类型、充注期次、碳同位素序列局部倒转的成因及纵横向天然气地球化学特征差异形成原因进行了研究。结果表明:高温超压带内天然气皆为热成因煤型气,其烷烃气碳同位素系列局部倒转是多期次不同成熟度天然气混合所致;高温超压带内存在4期流体充注,前2期为成熟—高成熟烷烃气,后2期为高—过成熟烷烃气和无机成因CO2,且高—过成熟天然气充注期早于无机成因CO2;底辟活动影响强度差异及天然气运移通道类型和发育方式不同,是形成不同地区高温高压带天然气地球化学特征差异的主要原因,底辟多期活动和超压带周期性愈合导致D1-1底辟核部区及其周缘D13-1区高温高压带内、外天然气地球化学特征差异。

关键词 多期混合作用碳同位素倒转序列高温高压带底辟带DF区莺歌海盆地    
Abstract

Natural gas geochemistry, fluid inclusion analysis and gas reservoir accumulation tracers, have been used to study natural gas geochemical characteristics, genetic types, filling period, cause of carbon-isotope partial inverse sequence and the causes of gas variability both vertically and horizontally in the high-temperature and high-pressure belt in the central diapiric zone of the Yinggehai Basin. In the high-temperature and overpressure area, natural gas is thermogenic coal-type gas, and the partial inversion of carbon isotopes of alkane gas is caused by the mixture of multi-period gases that are of different maturities. There are four periods of fluid filling in the high-temperature and overpressure area. The first two periods are mature or high-maturity alkane gas, while the second two periods are high-maturity or over-mature alkane gas and inorganic CO2.The filling period of the high-maturity and over-mature alkane gas is earlier than that of the inorganic CO2. The influence of different diapiric activity, together with different gas migration channel types and development is the main reason for gas differences in different high-temperature and high-pressure zones. Multi-periodic diapir activity and periodic occurrence of overpressure caused the gas chemistry differences inside and outside of the high-temperature and high-pressure zone in the diapir core of D1-1 and nearby D13-1.

Key wordsmulti-period mixing    carbon isotope inverse sequence    high-temperature and overpressure zone    DF zone in diapir belt    Yinggehai Basin
收稿日期: 2014-03-24     
ZTFLH:  TE122.1  
基金资助:

国家科技重大专项项目"莺琼盆地低品位天然气成藏机制与潜力分析"(2011ZX05023-004-008)资助。

作者简介: 吴红烛(1985—),男,博士,从事油气藏形成与分布研究。E-mail:wuhongzhu_001@163.com。
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引用本文:

吴红烛, 黄志龙, 裴健翔, 童传新, 朱建成, 刘平, 朱珊珊. 莺歌海盆地底辟带DF区天然气地球化学特征差异及其成因[J]. 石油实验地质, 2015, 37(2): 211-219.
Wu Hongzhu, Huang Zhilong, Pei Jianxiang, Tong Chuanxin, Zhu Jiancheng, Liu Ping, Zhu Shanshan. Causes of natural gas geochemical differences in the high-temperature and overpressure zone of DF1-1 diapir belt, Yinggehai Basin. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2015, 37(2): 211-219.

链接本文:

http://www.sysydz.net/CN/10.11781/sysydz201502211      或      http://www.sysydz.net/CN/Y2015/V37/I2/211

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