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石油实验地质  2017, Vol. 39 Issue (1): 112-119    DOI: 10.11781/sysydz201701112
方法·技术 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
致密油储层微观孔隙结构定量表征——以鄂尔多斯盆地新安边油田长7储层为例
张浩1, 陈刚1, 朱玉双1, 党永潮2, 陈娟3, 王恒力1, 斯扬1, 白超1, 李雪4
1. 西北大学 地质学系/大陆动力学国家重点实验室, 西安 710069;
2. 中国石油 长庆油田分公司 第一采油厂, 陕西 延安 716000;
3. 中国石油 长庆油田分公司 勘探开发储量地质室, 西安 710069;
4. 川庆钻探工程公司 工程技术研究院, 西安 710018
Quantitative characterization of microscopic pore throat structure in tight sandstone oil reservoirs:A case study of Chang7 reservoir in Xin'anbian oil field, Ordos Basin
Zhang Hao1, Chen Gang1, Zhu Yushuang1, Dang Yongchao2, Chen Juan3, Wang Hengli1, Si Yang1, Bai Chao1, Li Xue4
1. State Key Laboratory of Continental Dynamics/Department of Geology, Northwest University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710069, China;
2. The 1 st Oil Production Factory, Changqing Oilfield Branch Company, PetroChina, Yan'an, Shaanxi 716000, China;
3. Research Institute of Exploration and Development, Changqing Oilfield Branch Company, PetroChina, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710069, China;
4. Chuanqing Drilling Engineering Company, Institute of Engineering Technology, PetroChina, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710018, China
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摘要: 鄂尔多斯盆地新安边油田长7致密油储层具有较好的开发潜力,由于微观孔隙结构研究的薄弱制约了致密油勘探开发进程,对后期开采具有较大影响。该文采用扫描电镜、铸体薄片、高压压汞、微纳米CT扫描等技术,对新安边油田长7致密油储层的储集空间特征及微观孔隙结构参数进行定量表征。结果表明,长7致密油储层孔隙类型主要分为三类:粒间孔、溶孔、微裂缝。研究区发育大量纳米级孔喉,其对储层的储集及渗流能力具有较大贡献。依据不同样品的排驱压力划分:排驱压力小于1 MPa时,微米尺度孔隙丰富且连通性好,孔喉形态多为粗大管状、条带状,喉道半径主要集中在100~380 nm;排驱压力介于1~3 MPa之间,局部孔隙连通性好,纳米尺度孔喉多发育于粒内溶孔,孔喉形态表现为管束状、球状,喉道半径主要分布于75~250 nm;排驱压力大于3 MPa时,大量孤立的小球状孔喉聚集,垂向连通性差,仅局部微裂缝发育区提供储集空间,喉道半径主要集中为15~75 nm。
关键词 微观孔隙结构高压压汞纳米CT致密油储层长7储层新安边油田鄂尔多斯盆地    
Abstract:The Chang7tight sandstone oil reservoir in the Xin'anbian oil field in the Ordos Basin has good potential for hydrocarbon exploration. However, the studies of microscopic pore throat structure were limited, which restricted tight oil exploration and long-term development. Size, shape and spatial distribution of pore throats in tight oil reservoirs were studied in this paper by using scanning electron microscope (SEM), casting thin section, high-pressure mercury injection and Nano-CT technologies. Pores in the Chang7tight oil reservoir in the Xin'anbian oil field were divided into three categories, namely intergranular pores, dissolution pores and microfractures. A large number of nanoscale pore throats developed in this area, which contributed to reservoir capacity and permeability. Pore throat distributions on capillary pressure curves of different samples showed that when threshold pressure is less than 1MPa, there are many micron-sized pores with a good connectivity and pore throats are large tubular and striped with throat diameters being in the range of 100-380nm. When the threshold pressure ranges from 1to 3MPa, there are many nanoscale pores with a good connectivity locally, intragranular dissolution pores are developed and pore throats are tube bundle and spherical shape with throat diameter being in the range of 75-250nm. When the threshold pressure is greater than 3MPa, small isolated spherical nanopores occur, leading to a poor vertical connectivity, only local micro-fracture development provides storage space, and throat diameter is concentrated in the range of 15-75nm.
Key wordsmicroscopic pore throat structure    high-pressure mercury injection    Nano-CT    tight oil reservoir    Xin'anbian oil field    Ordos Basin
收稿日期: 2016-07-11     
ZTFLH:  TE122.23  
基金资助:大陆动力学国家重点实验室科技部重点专项经费(BJ14252)资助。
通讯作者: 陈刚(1965-),男,教授,博士生导师,从事盆地构造与油气地质学研究。E-mail:chenggang@nwu.edu.cn。     E-mail: chenggang@nwu.edu.cn
作者简介: 张浩(1986-),男,在读博士研究生,从事油气田地质与开发研究。E-mail:605180411@qq.com。
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引用本文:

张浩, 陈刚, 朱玉双, 党永潮, 陈娟, 王恒力, 斯扬, 白超, 李雪. 致密油储层微观孔隙结构定量表征——以鄂尔多斯盆地新安边油田长7储层为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(1): 112-119.
Zhang Hao, Chen Gang, Zhu Yushuang, Dang Yongchao, Chen Juan, Wang Hengli, Si Yang, Bai Chao, Li Xue. Quantitative characterization of microscopic pore throat structure in tight sandstone oil reservoirs:A case study of Chang7 reservoir in Xin'anbian oil field, Ordos Basin. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2017, 39(1): 112-119.

链接本文:

http://www.sysydz.net/CN/10.11781/sysydz201701112      或      http://www.sysydz.net/CN/Y2017/V39/I1/112

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