Please wait a minute...
石油实验地质  2017, Vol. 39 Issue (1): 126-133    DOI: 10.11781/sysydz201701126
方法·技术 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
致密砂岩储层差异性成岩演化对孔隙度演化定量表征的影响——以鄂尔多斯盆地华庆地区长63储层为例
张茜1, 孙卫1, 杨晓菁2, 李浩3
1. 大陆动力学国家重点实验室/地质学系, 西北大学, 西安 710069;
2. 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 青海油田分公司, 甘肃 敦煌 736202;
3. 长庆油田 第一采气厂, 陕西 榆林 718500
Quantitative calculation of tight sandstone reservoir porosity evolution based on different diagenesis:A case study of Chang 63 reservoir in Huaqing area, Ordos Basin
Zhang Xi1, Sun Wei1, Yang Xiaojing2, Li Hao3
1. State Key Laboratory for Continental Dynamics/Department of Geology, Northwest University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710069, China;
2. Qinghai Oil Field Company, PetroChina, Dunhuang, Gansu 736202, China;
3. First Natural Gas Plant, Changqing Oil Field Constituent Company, Yulin, Shaanxi 718500, China
全文:  PDF(2515 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要: 基于鄂尔多斯盆地华庆地区长63致密砂岩储层三角洲前缘及半深湖的稳定沉积特征,按照碎屑岩成岩演化特征或地质综合效应,建立与孔隙度对应的模拟方程。采用铸体薄片及扫描电镜描述岩石的矿物组分及孔隙类型;图像粒度获取碎屑颗粒的结构特征及分选性;沉积微相、测井、样品取样点常规物性及深度分析获取沉积环境、埋藏深度、物性;同时测试古温度、镜质组反射率、最高热解温度、黏土矿物等数据,开展成岩作用、孔隙演化、相对高渗成因的研究;结合研究区埋藏史研究,为致密砂岩储层油气勘探开发提供理论参考。4类典型样品分析结果表明,目的层主要属于压实型成岩改造类型,差异性成岩演化过程是导致储层物性不同和孔隙结构差异的根本原因。
关键词 致密砂岩成岩作用孔隙度定量演化地质响应鄂尔多斯盆地    
Abstract:The Chang 63 tight sandstone reservoirs in Huaqing area of the Ordos Basin was deposited in delta front and stable,semi-deep lake environments. A simulation equation corresponding to porosity was established according to the characteristics of diagenetic evolution or the comprehensive geological effect of a clastic reservoir. Mineral components and porosity types were described by using casting thin section and SEM analyses. Granularity images were applied to get the structural characteristics and sorting features of clastic particles. Sedimentary microfacies, well logging, normal physical characteristics and depth analyses were applied to determine the depositional environment, burial depth and physical characteristics. Simultaneously,we tested paleotemperature, vitrinite reflectance, the highest pyrolysis temperature and clay minerals to study diagenesis, porosity evolution and relatively high permeability formation. Burial history analysis of the study area provided a theoretical reference for oil-and-gas exploration and development of tight sandstone reservoirs. According to the analysis of four typical samples, we consi-dered that the properties were mainly controlled by compaction, and differentiated diagenetic evolution was the root cause that led to different physical characteristics and porosity structures.
Key wordstight sandstone    diagenesis    porosity    quantitative evolution    geological response    Ordos Basin
收稿日期: 2016-05-30     
ZTFLH:  TE122.23  
基金资助:研究生自主创新项目(YZZ15019);中国博士后科学基金(2015M582699);国家科技重大专项“大型油气田及煤层气开发”(2011ZX05044);陕西省科技统筹创新工程(2011KTZB01-04-01)联合资助。
作者简介: 张茜(1990-),女,博士研究生,从事油气地质与开发研究。E-mail:zhangxicchina@sina.cn。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
张茜
孙卫
杨晓菁
李浩
引用本文:

张茜, 孙卫, 杨晓菁, 李浩. 致密砂岩储层差异性成岩演化对孔隙度演化定量表征的影响——以鄂尔多斯盆地华庆地区长63储层为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(1): 126-133.
Zhang Xi, Sun Wei, Yang Xiaojing, Li Hao. Quantitative calculation of tight sandstone reservoir porosity evolution based on different diagenesis:A case study of Chang 63 reservoir in Huaqing area, Ordos Basin. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2017, 39(1): 126-133.

链接本文:

http://www.sysydz.net/CN/10.11781/sysydz201701126      或      http://www.sysydz.net/CN/Y2017/V39/I1/126

[1] 邹才能,朱如凯,吴松涛,等.常规与非常规油气聚集类型、特征、机理及展望:以中国致密油和致密气为例[J].石油学报,2012,33(2):173-187. Zou Caineng,Zhu Rukai,Wu Songtao,et al.Types,characteristics,genesis and prospects of conventional and unconventional hydrocarbon accumulations:Taking tight oil and tight gas in China as an instance[J].Acta Petrolei Sinica,2012,33(2):173-187.
[2] 邹才能.非常规油气地质[M].北京:地质出版社,2011. Zou Caineng.Unconventional petroleum geology[M].Beijing:Geological Publishing House,2011.
[3] 祝海华,钟大康,姚泾利,等.鄂尔多斯西南地区长7段致密油储层微观特征及成因机理[J].中国矿业大学学报,2014,43(5):853-863. Zhu Haihua,Zhong Dakang,Yao Jingli,et al.Microscopic characteristics and formation mechanism of Upper Triassic Chang 7 tight oil reservoir in the southwest Ordos Basin[J].Journal of China University of Mining & Technology,2014,43(5):853-863.
[4] 白玉彬,赵靖舟,方朝强,等.鄂尔多斯盆地长6油层组准连续型致密砂岩油藏形成机理[J].石油实验地质,2013,35(1):65-71. Bai Yubin,Zhao Jingzhou,Fang Chaoqiang,et al.Forming mechanism of quasi-continuous tight sandstone reservoir of Chang 6 oil-bearing formation,Ordos Basin[J].Petroleum Geology & Experiment,2013,35(1):65-71.
[5] Houseknecht D W.Assessing the relative importance of compaction processes and cementation to reduction of porosity in sandstones[J].AAPG Bulletin,1987,71(6):633-642.
[6] Gao Hui,Li H A.Pore structure characterization,permeability evaluation and enhanced gas recovery techniques of tight gas sandstones[J].Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering,2016,28:536-547.
[7] Xi Kelai,Cao Yingchang,Jahren J,et al.Diagenesis and reservoir quality of the Lower Cretaceous Quantou Formation tight sandstones in the southern Songliao Basin,China[J].Sedimentary Geology,2015,330:90-107.
[8] 鲁新川,张顺存,蔡冬梅,等.准噶尔盆地车拐地区三叠系成岩作用与孔隙演化[J].沉积学报,2012,30(6):1123-1129. Lu Xinchuan,Zhang Shuncun,Cai Dongmei,et al.Diagenesis and pore evolution of the Triassic reservoirs in Cheguai area,northwestern margin of Junggar Basin[J].Acta Sedimentologica Sinica,2012,30(6):1123-1129.
[9] Sun Lina,Tuo Jincai,Zhang Mingfeng,et al.Formation and development of the pore structure in Chang 7 member oil-shale from Ordos Basin during organic matter evolution induced by hydrous pyrolysis[J].Fuel,2015,158:549-557.
[10] Xi Kelai,Cao Yingchang,Wang Yanzhong,et al.Diagenesis and porosity-permeability evolution of low permeability reservoirs:A case study of Jurassic Sangonghe Formation in block 1,central Junggar Basin,NW China[J].Petroleum Exploration and Deve-lopment,2015,42(4):475-485.
[11] Yuan Guanghui,Gluyas J,Cao Yingchang,et al.Diagenesis and reservoir quality evolution of the Eocene sandstones in the nor-thern Dongying Sag,Bohai Bay Basin,East China[J].Marine and Petroleum Geology,2015,62:77-89.
[12] 张创,孙卫,高辉,等.基于铸体薄片资料的砂岩储层孔隙度演化定量计算方法:以鄂尔多斯盆地环江地区长8储层为例[J].沉积学报,2014,32(2):365-375. Zhang Chuang,Sun Wei,Gao Hui,et al.Quantitative calculation of sandstone porosity evolution based on thin section data:A case study from Chang 8 reservoir of Huanjiang area,Ordos Basin[J].Acta Sedimentologica Sinica,2014,32(2):365-375.
[13] 任大忠.鄂尔多斯盆地延长组致密砂岩储层微观特征.西安:西北大学,2015. Ren Dazhong.Micro-characteristics of tight sandstone reservoir of Yanchang Formation in Ordos Basin.Xi'an:Northwest University,2015.
[14] 师调调,孙卫,何生平,等.华庆地区延长组长6储层不同类型成岩相微观孔隙结构特征及生产动态分析[J].兰州大学学报(自然科学版),2012,48(3):7-13. Shi Tiaotiao,Sun Wei,He Shengping,et al.Diagenetic facies and its micro-pore structure of Yanchang Formation Chang 6 reservoir in Huaqing area[J].Journal of Lanzhou University(Natural Sciences),2012,48(3):7-13.
[15] 国家能源局.SY/T 6285-2011 油气储层评价方法[S].北京:石油工业出版社,2011. National Energy Administration.SY/T 6285-2011 Evaluating methods of oil and gas reservoirs[S].Beijing:Petroleum Industry Press,2011.
[16] 潘高峰,刘震,赵舒.砂岩孔隙度演化定量模拟方法:以鄂尔多斯盆地镇泾地区延长组为例[J].石油学报,2011,32(2):249-256. Pan Gaofeng,Liu Zhen,Zhao Shu.Quantitative simulation of sandstone porosity evolution:A case from Yanchang Formation of the Zhenjing area,Ordos Basin[J].Acta Petrolei Sinica,2011,32(2):249-256.
[17] 吴小斌,侯加根,孙卫.特低渗砂岩储层微观结构及孔隙演化定量分析[J].中南大学学报(自然科学版),2013,42(11):3438-3446. Wu Xiaobin,Hou Jiagen,Sun Wei.Microstructure characteristics and quantitative analysis on porosity evolution of ultra-low sandstone reservoir[J].Journal of Central South University(Science and Technology),2013,42(11):3438-3446.
[18] Paxton S T,Szabo J O,Ajdukiewicz J M,et al. Construction of an intergranular volume compaction curve for evaluating and predicting compaction and porosity loss in rigid-grain sandstone reservoirs[J].AAPG Bulletin,2002,86(12):2047-2067.
[19] 张金亮,张鹏辉,谢俊,等.碎屑岩储集层成岩作用研究进展与展望[J].地球科学进展,2013,28(9):957-967. Zhang Jinliang,Zhang Penghui,Xie Jun,et al.Diagenesis of clastic reservoirs:Advances and prospects[J].Advances in Earth Science,2013,28(9):957-967.
[20] 孔祥超,赵俊兴,申赵军.鄂尔多斯盆地华庆地区长81成岩作用特征研究[J].天然气勘探与开发,2013,36(1):12-15. Kong Xiangchao,Zhao Junxing,Shen Zhaojun.Diagenesis of Chang 81reservoir,Huaqing area,Ordos Basin[J].Natural Gas Exploration and Development,2013,36(1):12-15.
[21] 郑庆华,柳益群.鄂尔多斯盆地华庆地区延长组长4+5致密油层成岩作用及成岩相[J].地球科学进展,2015,30(1):78-90. Zheng Qinghua,Liu Yiqun.The diagenesis and diagenetic lithofacies of tight reservoir of Chang 4+5 member of Yanchang Formation in Huaqing area,Ordos Basin[J].Advances in Earth Science,2015,30(1):78-90.
[22] 国家经济贸易委员会.SY/T 5477-2003碎屑岩成岩阶段划分[S].北京:石油工业出版社,2003. National Economic and Trade Commission.SY/T 5477-2003 The division of diagenetic stages in clastic rocks[S].Beijing:Petroleum Industry Press,2003.
[23] Ehrenberg S N.Assessing the relative importance of compaction processes and cementation to reduction of porosity in sandstones;discussion;compaction and porosity evolution of Pliocene sandstones,Ventura Basin,California;discussion[J].AAPG Bulletin,1989,73(10):1274-1276.
[24] Rittenhouse G.Mechanical compaction of sands containing dif-ferent percentages of ductile grains:A theoretical approach[J].AAPG Bulletin,1971,55(1):92-96.
[25] Fairbridge R W.Chapter 2 Syndiagenesis-anadiagenesis-epidiagenesis:Phases in lithogenesis[J].Developments in Sedimento-logy,1979,25:17-113.
[26] Beard D C,Weyl P K.Influence of texture on porosity and permeability of unconsolidated sand[J].AAPG Bulletin,1973,57(2):349-369.
[27] Cook J E,Goodwin L B,Boutt D F.Systematic diagenetic changes in the grain-scale morphology and permeability of a quartz-cemented quartz arenite[J].AAPG Bulletin,2011,95(6):1067-1088.
[28] 唐俊,王琪,廖朋,等.鄂尔多斯盆地环县地区长8段砂岩储层孔隙度演化定量模拟[J].兰州大学学报(自然科学版),2013,49(3):320-326. Tang Jun,Wang Qi,Liao Peng,et al.Quantitative simulation of porosity-evolution in the member 8 sandstone reservoir of the Yanchang Formation in Huanxian Oilfield,Ordos Basin[J].Journal of Lanzhou University(Natural Sciences),2013,49(3):320-326.
[29] 朱筱敏.沉积岩石学[M].4版.北京:石油工业出版社,2008. Zhu Xiaomin.Sedimentary petrology[M].4th ed.Beijing:Petroleum Industry Press,2008.
[30] Morad S,Al-Ramadan K,Ketzer J M,et al.The impact of diagenesis on the heterogeneity of sandstone reservoirs:A review of the role of depositional facies and sequence stratigraphy[J].AAPG Bulletin,2010,94(8):1267-1309.
[31] 陈大友,朱玉双,张皎生,等.鄂尔多斯盆地马岭地区长8储层成岩作用与有利成岩相带[J].石油实验地质,2015,37(6):721-728. Chen Dayou,Zhu Yushuang,Zhang Jiaosheng,et al.Diagenesis and favorable diagenetic facies of the eighth member of Yanchang Formation in Maling area, the Ordos Basin[J].Petroleum Geology & Experiment,2015,37(6):721-728.
[32] 李维岭,姜在兴,倪新锋,等.正理庄地区沙二段储层成岩作用对孔隙演化的影响[J].油气地质与采收率,2015,22(5):52-57. Li Weiling,Jiang Zaixing,Ni Xinfeng,et al.Impact of reservoir diagenesis on porosity evolution in the second member of Shahejie Formation of Zhenglizhuang area[J].Petroleum Geology and Recovery Efficiency,2015,22(5):52-57.
[33] 杨华,付金华,何海清,等.鄂尔多斯华庆地区低渗透岩性大油区形成与分布[J].石油勘探与开发,2012,39(6):641-648. Yang Hua,Fu Jinhua,He Haiqing,et al.Formation and distribution of large low-permeability lithologic oil regions in Huaqing,Ordos Basin[J].Petroleum Exploration and Development,2012,39(6):641-648.
[34] 冯光俊,朱炎铭,王阳,等.鄂尔多斯盆地延长组页岩气储层优选[J].特种油气藏,2015,22(5):60-64. Feng Guangjun,Zhu Yanming,Wang Yang,et al.Optimization of shale gas reservoir in Yanchang Formation in Ordos Basin[J].Special Oil & Gas Reservoirs,2015,22(5):60-64.
[35] 廖纪佳,朱筱敏,邓秀芹,等.鄂尔多斯盆地陇东地区延长组重力流沉积特征及其模式[J].地学前缘,2013,20(2):29-39. Liao Jijia,Zhu Xiaomin,Deng Xiuqin,et al.Sedimentary characteristics and model of gravity flow in Triassic Yanchang Formation of Longdong area in Ordos Basin[J].Earth Science Frontiers,2013,20(2):29-39.
[36] 杨华,刘自亮,朱筱敏,等.鄂尔多斯盆地西南缘上三叠统延长组物源与沉积体系特征[J].地学前缘,2013,20(2):10-18. Yang Hua,Liu Ziliang,Zhu Xiaomin,et al.Provenance and depositional systems of the Upper Triassic Yanchang Formation in the southwestern Ordos Basin,China[J].Earth Science Frontiers,2013,20(2):10-18.
[37] 朱筱敏,邓秀芹,刘自亮.大型坳陷湖盆浅水辫状河三角洲沉积特征及模式:以鄂尔多斯盆地陇东地区延长组为例[J].地学前缘,2013,20(2):19-28. Zhu Xiaomin,Deng Xiuqin,Liu Ziliang.Sedimentary characte-ristics and model of shallow braided delta in large-scale lacustrine:An example from Triassic Yanchang Formation in Ordos Basin[J].Earth Science Frontiers,2013,20(2):19-28.
[38] 杨华,李士祥,刘显阳.鄂尔多斯盆地致密油、页岩油特征及资源潜力[J].石油学报,2013,34(1):1-11. Yang Hua,Li Shixiang,Liu Xianyang.Characteristics and resource prospects of tight oil and shale oil in Ordos Basin[J].Acta Petrolei Sinica,2013,34(1):1-11.
[1] 张福顺, 张旺. 塔里木盆地三顺地区志留系储层孔隙类型与控制因素[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(6): 770-775.
[2] 任江丽, 朱玉双, 刘林玉, 王伟, 王振川, 陈大友. 鄂尔多斯盆地南梁西区长4+5油层组微观渗流特征及影响因素[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(6): 805-811.
[3] 何崇康, 成良丙, 陈旭峰, 孙钿翔, 李超, 赵国玺. 鄂尔多斯盆地新安边油田长7致密油有效储层识别与甜点优选[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(6): 812-818.
[4] 董君妍, 陈世加, 邹贤利, 姚泾利, 李勇, 苏凯明. 鄂尔多斯盆地吴起-高桥地区延长组重排类藿烷分布特征及成因探讨[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(6): 834-841.
[5] 薛时雨, 付斯一, 侯明才, 高星, 苏中堂, 呼尚才, 朱莉娟. 鄂尔多斯盆地天环坳陷北段桌子山组白云岩碳氧同位素特征及意义[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(6): 842-848.
[6] 王保华, 陆建林, 李浩, 宋振响, 左宗鑫. 基于孔隙成因的泥页岩总孔隙度恢复方法研究——以渤海湾盆地东营凹陷沙三下亚段为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(5): 724-728.
[7] 马英俊. 苏北盆地金湖凹陷阜二段砂岩物性影响因素分析[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(4): 477-483.
[8] 王付斌, 尹伟, 陈纯芳. 鄂尔多斯盆地红河油田长8油层组致密砂岩储层“甜点”成因机制[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(4): 484-490.
[9] 田刚, 宋立军. 鄂尔多斯盆地中元古界烃源岩热演化史模拟[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(4): 520-526.
[10] 卢晨刚, 张遂安, 毛潇潇, 赵迪斐. 致密砂岩微观孔隙非均质性定量表征及储层意义——以鄂尔多斯盆地X地区山西组为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(4): 556-561.
[11] 陈红宇, 卢龙飞, 刘伟新, 申宝剑, 俞凌杰, 仰云峰. 蛋白石硅质页岩成岩过程中的孔隙结构变化特征[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(3): 341-347.
[12] 刘长利, 刘欣, 张莉娜, 陈贞龙, 李吉君, 王伟明, 马锋. 碎屑岩成岩作用及其对储层的影响——以鄂尔多斯盆地镇泾地区为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(3): 348-354.
[13] 郭继刚, 郭凯, 宫鹏骐, 徐静, 郭晶. 鄂尔多斯盆地延长组储层致密化及其影响下的致密油充注特征[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(2): 169-179.
[14] 赖生华, 柳伟明, 赵永刚, 丁熙. 利用地震信息研究沉积体系平面分布特征——以鄂尔多斯盆地延长探区高家河三维区盒八段为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(2): 272-277.
[15] 郭凯. 鄂尔多斯盆地陇东地区长7段有效烃源岩及生排烃研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(1): 15-23.