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石油实验地质  2017, Vol. 39 Issue (2): 287-294    DOI: 10.11781/sysydz201702287
方法·技术 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
赵习1,2, 刘波2, 郭荣涛1,2, 张单明1,2, 李扬3, 田泽普1,2
1. 北京大学 地球与空间科学学院, 北京 100871;
2. 北京大学 石油与天然气研究中心, 北京 100871;
3. 中国地质大学(北京) 地球科学与资源学院, 北京 100083
Reservoir characterization and its application to development
Zhao Xi1,2, Liu Bo2, Guo Rongtao1,2, Zhang Shanming1,2, Li Yang3, Tian Zepu1,2
1. School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
2. Institute of Oil and Gas, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
3. School of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
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摘要: 近年来,非常规油气勘探开发取得重大突破,大大拓展了储层研究内容,有力推动了储层研究方法的创新。对储层孔隙结构和孔渗特征的认识因新技术的应用而拓展,从常规尺度到纳米级孔隙,从低孔低渗到超低渗储层。文章在介绍和比较孔隙表征的多种方法基础上,根据孔隙结构和储渗特征将储层分为大-中孔高渗储层、微孔低渗储层、纳米孔超低渗储层和复合型孔隙储层4类,并针对不同类型的储层探讨了各个表征方法的优缺点和有效范围,提出了适用于不同类型储层的表征方法组合,针对复合型孔隙储层提出了分区-分层表征技术。此外,文章还探讨了这些表征技术在孔隙成因、孔隙内壁表面结构、充填物特征等研究方面的应用,将储层表征技术从储层品质研究延伸到成因研究,为更加全面综合认识和评价储层提供参考。
关键词 表征技术孔渗特征孔隙结构成因特征储层分类    
Abstract:Recently, the exploration and development of unconventional oil and gas resources have obtained a great breakthrough, which expanded research and promoted the technique innovation of reservoir study. Consequently, from conventional-scale to nano-scale pores, low to extra-low porosity and permeability, the understanding of reservoir pore structure, porosity and permeability continues to deepen. Various reservoir characterizations were introduced and compared. On the basis of pore structure and porosity-permeability characteristics, reservoirs were classified into four kinds: macro to medium-pore and high permeability reservoirs, micro-pore and low permeability reservoirs, nano-pore and ultra-low permeability reservoirs, and compound pore reservoirs. The advantages, disadvantages and applications of each characterization method were discussed, and some combined methods applicable to different types of reservoirs were also presented. A divisional-layered characterization technique was put forward to deal with compound pore reservoirs. In addition, the application in pore genesis, filling material, and surface structure of internal walls of pore were discussed. Thus, the research on reservoir extended from the structure level to the genesis level, providing references for more comprehensive understanding.
Key wordscharacterization technique    porosity and permeability characteristics    pore structure    genetic feature    reservoir classification
收稿日期: 2016-06-20     
ZTFLH:  TE122.2  
通讯作者: 刘波(1965-),男,研究员,博士生导师,从事碳酸盐岩教学与科研。。     E-mail:
作者简介: 赵习(1991-),女,硕士研究生,地质学专业,从事储层地质学研究。。
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赵习, 刘波, 郭荣涛, 张单明, 李扬, 田泽普. 储层表征技术及应用进展[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(2): 287-294.
Zhao Xi, Liu Bo, Guo Rongtao, Zhang Shanming, Li Yang, Tian Zepu. Reservoir characterization and its application to development. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2017, 39(2): 287-294.

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