Please wait a minute...
石油实验地质  2017, Vol. 39 Issue (2): 287-294    DOI: 10.11781/sysydz201702287
方法·技术 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
储层表征技术及应用进展
赵习1,2, 刘波2, 郭荣涛1,2, 张单明1,2, 李扬3, 田泽普1,2
1. 北京大学 地球与空间科学学院, 北京 100871;
2. 北京大学 石油与天然气研究中心, 北京 100871;
3. 中国地质大学(北京) 地球科学与资源学院, 北京 100083
Reservoir characterization and its application to development
Zhao Xi1,2, Liu Bo2, Guo Rongtao1,2, Zhang Shanming1,2, Li Yang3, Tian Zepu1,2
1. School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
2. Institute of Oil and Gas, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
3. School of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
全文:  PDF(1991 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要: 近年来,非常规油气勘探开发取得重大突破,大大拓展了储层研究内容,有力推动了储层研究方法的创新。对储层孔隙结构和孔渗特征的认识因新技术的应用而拓展,从常规尺度到纳米级孔隙,从低孔低渗到超低渗储层。文章在介绍和比较孔隙表征的多种方法基础上,根据孔隙结构和储渗特征将储层分为大-中孔高渗储层、微孔低渗储层、纳米孔超低渗储层和复合型孔隙储层4类,并针对不同类型的储层探讨了各个表征方法的优缺点和有效范围,提出了适用于不同类型储层的表征方法组合,针对复合型孔隙储层提出了分区-分层表征技术。此外,文章还探讨了这些表征技术在孔隙成因、孔隙内壁表面结构、充填物特征等研究方面的应用,将储层表征技术从储层品质研究延伸到成因研究,为更加全面综合认识和评价储层提供参考。
关键词 表征技术孔渗特征孔隙结构成因特征储层分类    
Abstract:Recently, the exploration and development of unconventional oil and gas resources have obtained a great breakthrough, which expanded research and promoted the technique innovation of reservoir study. Consequently, from conventional-scale to nano-scale pores, low to extra-low porosity and permeability, the understanding of reservoir pore structure, porosity and permeability continues to deepen. Various reservoir characterizations were introduced and compared. On the basis of pore structure and porosity-permeability characteristics, reservoirs were classified into four kinds: macro to medium-pore and high permeability reservoirs, micro-pore and low permeability reservoirs, nano-pore and ultra-low permeability reservoirs, and compound pore reservoirs. The advantages, disadvantages and applications of each characterization method were discussed, and some combined methods applicable to different types of reservoirs were also presented. A divisional-layered characterization technique was put forward to deal with compound pore reservoirs. In addition, the application in pore genesis, filling material, and surface structure of internal walls of pore were discussed. Thus, the research on reservoir extended from the structure level to the genesis level, providing references for more comprehensive understanding.
Key wordscharacterization technique    porosity and permeability characteristics    pore structure    genetic feature    reservoir classification
收稿日期: 2016-06-20     
ZTFLH:  TE122.2  
基金资助:国家自然科学基金项目(41272137,41572117)资助。
通讯作者: 刘波(1965-),男,研究员,博士生导师,从事碳酸盐岩教学与科研。E-mail:bobliu@pku.edu.cn。     E-mail: bobliu@pku.edu.cn
作者简介: 赵习(1991-),女,硕士研究生,地质学专业,从事储层地质学研究。E-mail:zhaoxi0207@pku.edu.cn。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
赵习
刘波
郭荣涛
张单明
李扬
田泽普
引用本文:

赵习, 刘波, 郭荣涛, 张单明, 李扬, 田泽普. 储层表征技术及应用进展[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(2): 287-294.
Zhao Xi, Liu Bo, Guo Rongtao, Zhang Shanming, Li Yang, Tian Zepu. Reservoir characterization and its application to development. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2017, 39(2): 287-294.

链接本文:

http://www.sysydz.net/CN/10.11781/sysydz201702287      或      http://www.sysydz.net/CN/Y2017/V39/I2/287

[1] 陈杰,周改英,赵喜亮,等.储层岩石孔隙结构特征研究方法综述[J].特种油气藏,2005,12(4):11-14. Chen Jie,Zhou Gaiying,Zhao Xiliang,et al.Overview of study methods of reservoir rock pore structure[J].Special Oil and Gas Reservoir,2005,12(4):11-14.
[2] 邹才能,陶士振,杨智,等.中国非常规油气勘探与研究新进展[J].矿物岩石地球化学通报,2012,31(4):312-322. Zou Caineng,Tao Shizhen,Yang Zhi,et al.New advance in unconventional petroleum exploration and research in China[J].Bulletin of Mineralogy,Petrology and Geochemistry,2012,31(4):312-322.
[3] 于炳松.页岩气储层孔隙分类与表征[J].地学前缘,2013,20(4):211-220. Yu Bingsong.Classification and characterization of gas shale pore system[J].Earth Science Frontiers,2013,20(4):211-220.
[4] 蒋裕强,陈林,蒋婵,等.致密储层孔隙结构表征技术及发展趋势[J].地质科技情报,2014,33(3):63-70. Jiang Yuqiang,Chen Lin,Jiang Chan,et al.Characterization techniques and trends of the pore structure of tight reservoirs[J].Geological Science and Technology Information,2014,33(3):63-70.
[5] 白斌,朱如凯,吴松涛,等.非常规油气致密储层微观孔喉结构表征新技术及意义[J].中国石油勘探,2014,19(3):78-86. Bai Bin,Zhu Rukai,Wu Songtao,et al.New micro-throat structural characterization techniques for unconventional tight hydrocarbon reservoir[J].China Petroleum Exploration,2014,19(3):78-86.
[6] 崔景伟,邹才能,朱如凯,等.页岩孔隙研究新进展[J].地球科学进展,2012,27(12):1319-1325. Cui Jingwei,Zou Caineng,Zhu Rukai,et al.New advances in shale porosity research[J].Advances in Earth Science,2012,27(12):1319-1325.
[7] 张腾,张烈辉,唐洪明,等.页岩孔隙整合化表征方法:以四川盆地下志留统龙马溪组为例[J].天然气工业,2015,35(12):19-26. Zhang Teng,Zhang Liehui,Tang Hongming,et al.An integrated shale pore characterization method:A case study of the Lower Silurian Longmaxi Formation in the Sichuan Basin[J].Natural Gas Industry,2015,35(12):19-26.
[8] 方小洪.储层参数平面上的预测和空间展布[D].成都:成都理工大学,2006. Fang Xiaohong.Reservoir parameter forecast in the plane and mop in the space[D].Chengdu:Chengdu University of Technology,2006.
[9] 魏广振.岩石孔喉平均半径SEM测定法[J].分析仪器,2011(2):51-53. Wei Guangzhen.A method for measuring mean radius of pore throat of rocks by scanning electron microscops[J].Analytical Instrumentation,2011(2):51-53.
[10] 赵永刚,赵明华,赵永鹏,等.一种分析碳酸盐岩孔隙系统数字图像的新方法[J].天然气工业,2006,26(12):75-78. Zhao Yonggang,Zhao Minghua,Zhao Yongpeng,et al.A new approach of analyzing digital image of pore system of carbonate rocks[J].Natural Gas Industry,2006,26(12):75-78.
[11] Németh P,Tribaudino M,Bruno E,et al.TEM investigation of Ca-rich plagioclase:Structural β uctuations related to the I1-P1 phase transition[J].American Mineralogist,2007,92(7):1080-1086.
[12]Fisher Q J,Cliff R A,Dodson M H.U-Pb systematics of an Upper Carboniferous black shale from south Yorkshire,UK[J].Chemical Geology,2003,194(4):331-347.
[13] Mayer J,Giannuzzi L A,Kamino T,et al.TEM sample preparation and FIB-induced damage[J].MRS Bulletin,2007,32(5):400-407.
[14] Javadpour F,Farshi M M,Amrein M.Atomic-force microscopy:A new tool for gas-shale characterization[J].Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology,2012,51(4):236-243.
[15] 白永强,李娜,杨旭,等.基于原子力显微镜表征的含油储层微观孔隙结构分析及应用[J].东北石油大学学报,2013,37(1):45-50. Bai Yongqiang,Li Na,Yang Xu,et al.Analysis and applications of microscopic pore structure characterization of oil reservoir by atomic force microscopy[J].Journal of Northeast Petroleum University,2013,37(1):45-50.
[16] 应凤祥,杨式升,张敏,等.激光扫描共聚焦显微镜研究储层孔隙结构[J].沉积学报,2002,20(1):75-79. Ying Fengxiang,Yang Shisheng,Zhang Min,et al.Application of laser scanning confocal microscope to the measurement of pore texture in reservoirs[J].Acta Sedimentologica Sinica,2002,20(1):75-79.
[17] 孙先达,李宜强,戴琦雯.激光扫描共聚焦显微镜在微孔隙研究中的应用[J].电子显微学报,2014(2):123-128. Sun Xianda,Li Yiqiang,Dai Qiwen.Laser scanning confocal microscope in micropores study[J].Journal of Chinese Electron Microscopy Society,2014(2):123-128.
[18] Ketcham R A,Carlson W D.Acquisition,optimization and interpretation of X-ray computed tomographic imagery:Applications to the geosciences[J].Computers & Geosciences,2001,27(4):381-400.
[19] 薛清太.高压饱和法在低孔低渗储层孔隙度测试中的应用[J].内蒙古石油化工,2011,37(8):289-290. Xue Qingtai.Application of high pressure saturation method in porosity test of low porosity and low permeability reservoir[J].Inner Mongulia Petrochemical Industry,2011,37(8):289-290.
[20] 李桂梅.液体饱和法岩心孔隙度测量不确定度评定[J].计量与测试技术,2012,39(4):83-84. Li Guimei.The assessment of measuring the porosity of core using fluid saturation method[J].Metrology & Measurement Technique,2012,39(4):83-84.
[21] 李新,刘鹏,罗燕颖,等.页岩气储层岩心孔隙度测量影响因素分析[J].地球物理学进展,2015,30(5):2181-2187. Li Xin,Liu Peng,Luo Yanying,et al.Analysis of influencing factors on porosity measurement of shale gas reservoir core[J].Progress in Geophysics,2015,30(5):2181-2187.
[22] Zhu Xiaojun,Cai Jingong,Xu Xingyou,et al.Discussion on the method for determining BET specific surface area in argillaceous source rocks[J].Marine and Petroleum Geology,2013,48:124-129.
[23] 曹庚振,王林,张艳惠,等.氮气物理吸附法和压汞法表征FCC催化剂孔径分布研究[J].炼油与化工,2015(1):9-12. Cao Gengzhen,Wang Lin,Zhang Yanhui,et al.Research on nitrogen physical adsorption method and mercury intrusion method used for characterization of FCC catalyst pore size distribution[J].Refining and Chemical Industry,2015(1):9-12.
[24] Clarkson C R,Bustin R M.Variation in micropore capacity and size distribution with composition in bituminous coal of the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin:Implications for coalbed methane potential[J].Fuel,1996,75(13):1483-1498.
[25] 运华云,赵文杰,刘兵开,等.利用T2分布进行岩石孔隙结构研究[J].测井技术,2002,26(1):18-21. Yun Huayun,Zhao Wenjie,Liu Bingkai,et al.Researching rock pore structure with T2 distribution[J].Well Logging Techno-logy,2002,26(1):18-21.
[26] 周科平,李杰林,许玉娟,等.基于核磁共振技术的岩石孔隙结构特征测定[J].中南大学学报(自然科学版),2012,43(12):4796-4800. Zhou Keping,Li Jielin,Xu Yujuan,et al.Measurement of rock pore structure based on NMR technology[J].Journal of Central South University (Science and Technology),2012,43(12):4796-4800.
[27] Radlinski A P,Mastalerz M,Hinde A L,et al.Application of SAXS and SANS in evaluation of porosity,pore size distribution and surface area of coal[J].International Journal of Coal Geo-logy,2004,59(3/4):245-271.
[28] 田华,张水昌,柳少波,等.X射线小角散射法研究页岩成熟演化过程中孔隙特征[J].石油实验地质,2016,38(1):135-140. Tian Hua,Zhang Shuichang,Liu Shaobo,et al.Evolution of pores in shale during thermal maturation using small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)[J].Petroleum Geology & Experiment,2016,38(1):135-140.
[29] Radlinski A P.Small-angle neutron scattering and the microstructure of rocks[J].Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry,2006,63(1):363-397.
[30] Melnichenko Y B,Radlinski A P,Mastalerz M,et al.Characterization of the CO2 fluid adsorption in coal as a function of pressure using neutron scattering techniques (SANS and USANS)[J].International Journal of Coal Geology,2009,77(1/2):69-79.
[31] Mares T E,Radliński A P,Moore T A,et al.Assessing the potential for CO2 adsorption in a subbituminous coal,Huntly Coalfield,New Zealand,using small angle scattering techniques[J].International Journal of Coal Geology,2009,77(1/2):54-68.
[32] Bahadur J,Melnichenko Y B,Mastalerz M,et al.Hierarchical pore morphology of Cretaceous shale:A small-angle neutron scattering and ultrasmall-angle neutron scattering study[J].Energy & Fuels,2014,28(10):6336-6344.
[33] Loucks R G,Reed R M,Ruppel S C,et al.Spectrum of pore types and networks in mudrocks and a descriptive classification for matrix-related mudrock pores[J].AAPG Bulletin,2012,96(6):1071-1098.
[34] Ross D J K,Bustin R M.The importance of shale composition and pore structure upon gas storage potential of shale gas reservoirs[J].Marine and Petroleum Geology,2009,26(6):916-927.
[35] Slatt R M,O'Brien N R.Pore types in the Barnett and Woodford gas shales:Contribution to understanding gas storage and migration pathways in fine-grained rocks[J].AAPG Bulletin,2011,95(12):2017-2030.
[36] 焦淑静,韩辉,翁庆萍,等.页岩孔隙结构扫描电镜分析方法研究[J].电子显微学报,2012,31(5):432-436. Jiao Shujing,Han Hui,Weng Qingping,et al.Scanning electron microscope analysis of porosity in shale[J].Journal of Chinese Electron Microscopy Society,2012,31(5):432-436.
[37] 田华,张水昌,柳少波,等.压汞法和气体吸附法研究富有机质页岩孔隙特征[J].石油学报,2012,33(3):419-427. Tian Hua,Zhang Shuichang,Liu Shaobo,et al.Determination of organic-rich shale pore features by mercury injection and gas adsorption methods[J].Acta Petrolei Sinica,2012,33(3):419-427.
[38] Clarkson C R,Solano N,Bustin R M,et al.Pore structure characterization of north American shale gas reservoirs using USANS/SANS,gas adsorption,and mercury intrusion[J].Fuel,2013,103:606-616.
[39] Choquette P W,Pray L C.Geologic nomenclature and classification of porosity in sedimentary carbonates[J].AAPG Bulletin,1970,54(2):207-250.
[40] Schmidt V,Mcdonald D A.Texture and recognition of secondary porosity in sandstones[J].Special Publications,1979,26:209-225.
[41] 孙先达,索丽敏,张民志,等.激光共聚焦扫描显微检测技术在大庆探区储层分析研究中的新进展[J].岩石学报,2005,21(5):1479-1488. Sun Xianda,Suo Limin,Zhang Minzhi,et al.New progress of reservoir research by the technology of Laser confocal scanning microscope analysis in the Daqing exploration area[J].Acta Petrologica Sinica,2005,21(5):1479-1488.
[1] 孙健, 包汉勇. 页岩气储层综合表征技术研究进展——以涪陵页岩气田为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2018, 40(1): 1-12.
[2] 杨文新, 李继庆, 赵江艳, 黄志红. 四川盆地涪陵地区龙马溪组页岩微观孔隙结构定性定量研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2018, 40(1): 97-102.
[3] 马尚伟, 罗静兰, 陈春勇, 何贤英, 代静静, 许学龙, 汪冲. 火山岩储层微观孔隙结构分类评价——以准噶尔盆地东部西泉地区石炭系火山岩为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(5): 647-654.
[4] 宋磊, 宁正福, 孙一丹, 丁冠阳, 杜华明. 联合压汞法表征致密油储层孔隙结构[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(5): 700-705.
[5] 卢晨刚, 张遂安, 毛潇潇, 赵迪斐. 致密砂岩微观孔隙非均质性定量表征及储层意义——以鄂尔多斯盆地X地区山西组为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(4): 556-561.
[6] 陈红宇, 卢龙飞, 刘伟新, 申宝剑, 俞凌杰, 仰云峰. 蛋白石硅质页岩成岩过程中的孔隙结构变化特征[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(3): 341-347.
[7] 张浩, 陈刚, 朱玉双, 党永潮, 陈娟, 王恒力, 斯扬, 白超, 李雪. 致密油储层微观孔隙结构定量表征——以鄂尔多斯盆地新安边油田长7储层为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(1): 112-119.
[8] 刘伟新, 鲍芳, 俞凌杰, 张文涛, 张庆珍, 卢龙飞, 范明. 川东南志留系龙马溪组页岩储层微孔隙结构及连通性研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2016, 38(4): 453-459.
[9] 王同, 熊亮, 徐猛, 董晓霞, 周瑞琦, 付晓宁. 川南地区下寒武统筇竹寺组页岩储层特征[J]. 石油实验地质, 2016, 38(2): 197-203.
[10] 李成, 郑庆华, 张三, 柳益群, 汪伶俐, 梁晓伟. 鄂尔多斯盆地镇北地区长4+5储层微观孔隙结构研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2015, 37(6): 729-736.
[11] 洪雪, 周卓明, 刘福春. 松辽盆地彰武断陷九佛堂组碎屑岩储层特征研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2015, 37(4): 445-451.
[12] 王振华, 陈刚, 李书恒, 章辉若, 黄得顺, 杨甫, 雷盼盼, 刘小伸. 核磁共振岩心实验分析在低孔渗储层评价中的应用[J]. 石油实验地质, 2014, 36(6): 773-779.
[13] 喻建, 杨孝, 李斌, 刘小静, 田建锋. 致密油储层可动流体饱和度计算方法——以合水地区长7致密油储层为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2014, 36(6): 767-772.
[14] 王震亮. 致密岩油的研究进展、存在问题和发展趋势[J]. 石油实验地质, 2013, 35(6): 587-595.
[15] 胡梅,赵瑞明,贾星亮. 塔中顺托果勒区块柯坪塔格组储层特征、主控因素及意义[J]. 石油实验地质, 2012, 34(S1): 17-20.