Please wait a minute...
石油实验地质  2019, Vol. 41 Issue (5): 648-656    DOI: 10.11781/sysydz201905648
盆地·油藏 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
塔里木盆地北部雅克拉地区海相油气成藏特征与运聚过程
韩强1,2, 黄太柱2, 耿锋2, 费剑炜2, 杨喜彦3
1. 西北大学 地质学系, 西安 710069;
2. 中国石化 西北油田分公司 勘探开发研究院, 乌鲁木齐 830011;
3. 中国石油 青海油田公司 气田开发处, 甘肃 敦煌 736200
Marine oil and gas accumulation in Yakela area, northern Tarim Basin
HAN Qiang1,2, HUANG Taizhu2, GENG Feng2, FEI Jianwei2, YANG Xiyan3
1. Geology Department, Northwest University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710069, China;
2. Institute of Exploration and Development, SINOPEC Northwest Branch Company, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011, China;
3. Gas Development Department, Qinghai Oilfield Company, PetroChina, Dunhuang, Gansu 736200, China
全文:  PDF(3693 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要: 在前人研究基础上,结合塔里木盆地雅克拉地区海相油气地球化学特征,利用流体包裹体法对雅克拉海相油气的成藏期次进行厘定,并通过分析该区油气关键成藏期的构造演化过程,来确定油气聚集和调整的有利勘探区。雅克拉地区主要存在喜马拉雅早期(45.5~16.5 Ma)和喜马拉雅中—晚期(22~4 Ma)2期海相油气成藏过程,具有多期充注和晚期成藏的特点。雅克拉地区在喜马拉雅晚期的“构造翘倾”作用控制了海相油气的晚期充注和成藏有利区。喜马拉雅早期,雅克拉地区前中生界构造呈北东高、西南低的构造格局,油气充注范围广,雅克拉—雅东构造圈闭群均处于海相油气充注的有利范围内。喜马拉雅晚期受库车坳陷快速沉降,雅克拉地区中新生界构造发生了“翘倾”作用,前中生界构造由原来的北东高和西南低格局转变为北东低和西南高的构造格局,轮台断裂构造带及其以南圈闭是晚期海相油气充注的有利区。同时构造“翘倾”使喜马拉雅早期充注的海相油气藏遭受破坏或向南调整聚集。
关键词 海相油气油气充注构造反转晚期成藏雅克拉地区塔里木盆地    
Abstract:The filling and accumulation process of marine oil and gas was studied using oil and gas geochemistry, fluid inclusions and tectonic evolution in Yakela area of northern Tarim Basin. Marine hydrocarbon accumulation took place in Yakela area in two stages:the early (45.5-16.5 Ma) and the middle-late (22-4 Ma) Himalayan, and was featured by multi-stage filling and late accumulation. The late filling and accumulation of marine oil and gas were controlled by the "structural tilting" in Yakela area in the late Himalayan. In the early Himalayan period, the pre-Mesozoic structure was higher in the northeast and lower in the southwest. The range of marine oil and gas filling was wide, and the Yakela and eastern Yakela tectonic traps were favorable in the early Himalayan. In the late Himalayan, the Mesozoic tectonics in Yakela area warped and tilted due to the rapid subsidence of Kuqa Depression. The pre-Mesozoic structure became higher in the southwest and lower in the northeast. The Luntai fault belt and its southern traps are favorable for marine oil and gas filling in the late stage. Meanwhile, the earlier oil and gas reservoirs were damaged or adjusted southwards due to tilting.
Key wordsmarine oil and gas    hydrocarbon charging    structural reversal    late accumulation    Yakela area    Tarim Basin
收稿日期: 2019-03-07      出版日期: 2019-09-23
ZTFLH:  TE122.3  
基金资助:中国石化科技部项目“塔北下古生界油气田目标评价及勘探关键技术研究”(P18095)资助。
作者简介: 韩强(1980-),男,博士,高级工程师,从事油气勘探研究。E-mail:105289562@qq.com。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
韩强
黄太柱
耿锋
费剑炜
杨喜彦
引用本文:

韩强, 黄太柱, 耿锋,等 .塔里木盆地北部雅克拉地区海相油气成藏特征与运聚过程[J].石油实验地质,2019,41(5):648-656.
HAN Qiang, HUANG Taizhu, GENG Feng,et al .Marine oil and gas accumulation in Yakela area, northern Tarim Basin[J].Petroleum Geology & Experiment,2019,41(5):648-656.

链接本文:

http://www.sysydz.net/CN/10.11781/sysydz201905648      或      http://www.sysydz.net/CN/Y2019/V41/I5/648

[1] 康玉柱.再论塔里木盆地古生代油气勘探潜力:纪念沙参2井油气重大突破20周年[J].石油与天然气地质,2004,25(5):479-483. KANG Yuzhu.Re-discussion on exploration potential of Paleozoic in Tarim basin:20th anniversary of significant discovery in Shacan 2 well[J].Oil & Gas Geology,2004,25(5):479-483.
[2] 翟晓先.塔里木盆地塔河特大型油气田勘探实践与认识[J].石油实验地质,2011,33(4):323-331. ZHAI Xiaoxian.Exploration practice and experience of Tahe giant oil-and-gas field,Tarim Basin[J].Petroleum Geology & Experiment,2011,33(4):323-331.
[3] 韩强,李宗杰,杨子川,等.塔里木盆地三道桥地区油气成藏特征[J].油气地质与采收率,2015,22(6):14-20. HAN Qiang,LI Zongjie,YANG Zichuan,et al.Characteristics of hydrocarbon accumulation in the Sandaoqiao area of Tarim Basin[J].Petroleum Geology and Recovery Efficiency,2015,22(6):14-20.
[4] 梁狄刚,顾乔元,皮学军.塔里木盆地塔北隆起凝析气藏的分布规律[J].天然气工业,1998,18(3):5-9. LIANG Digang,GU Qiaoyuan,PI Xuejun.Distribution law of the condensate gas reservoirs in Tabei Uplift[J].Natural Gas Industry,1998,18(3):5-9.
[5] 陈楚铭,卢华复,王国强,等.塔里木盆地塔北隆起叠加构造分析[J].高校地质学报,1998,4(3):294-302. CHEN Chuming,LU Huafu,WANG Guoqiang,et al.Analyses of superimposed structures in the north Tarim Uplift,Tarim Basin[J].Geological Journal of China Universities,1998,4(3):294-302.
[6] 李洪波,王铁冠,李美俊.塔北隆起雅克拉凝析油气田油气充注途径示踪[J].石油学报,2013,34(2):219-224. LI Hongbo,WANG Tieguan,LI Meijun.Tracing study on oil-gas filling pathways of Yakela gas condensate field in Tabei Uplift[J].Acta Petrolei Sinica,2013,34(2):219-224.
[7] 高波,刘文汇,张殿伟,等.雅克拉凝析气田油气地球化学特征[J].海相油气地质,2008,13(3):49-54. GAO Bo,LIU Wenhui,ZHANG Dianwei,et al.Geochemical characteristics of hydrocarbon in Yakela gas condensate field,Tarim Basin[J].Marine Origin Petroleum Geology,2008,13(3):49-54.
[8] 王月蕾,陈红汉,张希明,等.塔里木盆地雅克拉断凸白垩系-古近系油气成藏过程[J].天然气工业,2011,31(5):49-54. WANG Yuelei,CHEN Honghan,ZHANG Ximing,et al.Process of hydrocarbon pooling in the Cretaceous and Paleogene of Yakela Faulted Uplift,Tarim Basin[J].Natural Gas Industry,2011,31(5):49-54.
[9] 谢大庆,郑孟林,蒋华山,等.塔里木盆地沙雅隆起形成演化与油气分布规律[J].大地构造与成矿学,2013,37(3):398-409. XIE Daqing,Zheng Menglin,Jiang Huashan,et al.Formation and evolution of the Shaya Uplift and constraints on oil and gas distribution in the Tarim Basin[J].Geotectonica et Metallogenia,2013,37(3):398-409.
[10] 李曰俊,杨海军,张光亚,等.重新划分塔里木盆地塔北隆起的次级构造单元[J].岩石学报,2012,28(8):2466-2478. LI Yuejun,YANG Haijun,ZHANG Guangya,et al.Redivision of the tectonic units of Tabei Rise in Tarim Basin,NW China[J].Acta Petrologica Sinica,2012,28(8):2466-2478.
[11] 罗明霞,夏永涛,邵小明,等.塔河油田西北部于奇西1井奥陶系中-轻质原油地化特征及成因探讨[J].石油实验地质,2016,38(2):244-250. LUO Mingxia,XIA Yongtao,SHAO Xiaoming,et al.Geochemical characteristics and genetic analysis of Ordovician medium-light oils from well YQX1 in the northwest of Tahe Oil Field[J].Petroleum Geology & Experiment,2016,38(2):244-250.
[12] 戴金星,邹才能,陶士振,等.中国大气田形成条件和主控因素[J].天然气地球科学,2007,18(4):473-484. DAI Jinxing,ZOU Caineng,TAO Shizhen,et al.Formation conditions and main controlling factors of large gas fields in China[J].Natural Gas Geoscience,2007,18(4):473-484.
[13] 包建平,朱翠山,张秋茶,等.库车坳陷前缘隆起带上原油地球化学特征[J].石油天然气学报(江汉石油学院学报),2007,29(4):40-44. BAO Jianping,ZHU Cuishan,ZHANG Qiucha,et al.Geochemical characteristics of crude oil from frontal uplift in Kuqa Depression[J].Journal of Oil and Gas Technology,2007,29(4):40-44.
[14] 李剑,谢增业,罗霞,等.塔里木盆地主要天然气藏的气源判识[J].天然气工业,1999,19(2):38-42. LI Jian,XIE Zengye,LUO Xia,et al.Gas-source identification of the major gas reservoirs in Tarim Basin[J].Natural Gas Industry,1999,19(2):38-42.
[15] 刘文汇,张殿伟,王晓锋,等.天然气气-源对比的地球化学研究[J].沉积学报,2004,22(S1):27-32. LIU Wenhui,ZHANG Dianwei,WANG Xiaofeng,et al.Geochemistry study on gas-source correlation of natural gas[J].Acta Sedimentologica Sinica,2004,22(S1):27-32.
[16] 黎茂稳.油气二次运移研究的基本思路和几个应用实例[J].石油勘探与开发,2000,27(4):11-19. LI Maowen.Quantification of petroleum secondary migration distances:fundamentals and case histories[J].Petroleum Exploration and Development,2000,27(4):11-19.
[17] 宋岩,徐永昌.天然气成因类型及其鉴别[J].石油勘探与开发,2005,32(4):24-29. SONG Yan,XU Yongchang.Origin and identification of natural gases[J].Petroleum Exploration and Development,2005,32(4):24-29.
[18] 赵靖舟.塔里木盆地烃类流体包裹体与成藏年代分析[J].石油勘探与开发,2002,29(4):21-25. ZHAO Jingzhou.Geochronology of hydrocarbon accumulation in the Tarim Basin:evidence from fluid inclusion[J].Petroleum Exploration and Development,2002,29(4):21-25.
[19] 吕海涛,陈红汉,唐大卿,等.塔河地区三叠系油气充注幕次划分与成藏时期确定[J].石油与天然气地质,2009,30(3):300-309. LV Haitao,CHEN Honghan,TANG Daqing,et al.Determination of hydrocarbon charging events and timing of accumulation in the Triassic of Tahe area,the Tarim Basin[J].Oil & Gas Geo-logy,2009,30(3):300-309.
[20] 费剑炜,杨红彩,周芳芳,等.塔里木盆地雅克拉断凸及周缘前中生界白云岩储层成因与勘探潜力[J].石油实验地质,2015,37(3):286-292. FEI Jianwei,YANG Hongcai,ZHOU Fangfang,et al.Genetic types and exploration potential of pre-Mesozoic dolomite reservoirs in Yakela Fault Arch and its surrounding areas,Tarim Basin[J].Petroleum Geology & Experiment,2015,37(3):286-292.
[21] 金燕林,秦飞,姚田万.塔里木盆地雅克拉断凸下侏罗统沉积特征[J].油气地质与采收率,2013,20(3):37-40,45. JIN Yanlin,QIN Fei,YAO Tianwan.Analysis on sedimentary characteristics of Lower Jurassic in Yakela Fault Arch,Shaya Uplift of Tarim Basin[J].Petroleum Geology and Recovery Efficiency,2013,20(3):37-40,45.
[22] 李荣西,金奎励,廖永胜.有机包裹体显微傅里叶红外光谱和荧光光谱测定及其意义[J].地球化学,1998,27(3):244-250. LI Rongxi,JIN Kuili,LIAO Yongsheng.Analysis of organic inclusions using micro-ft.ir and fluorescence microscopy and its significance[J].Geochimica,1998,27(3):244-250.
[23] 金之钧.中国海相碳酸盐岩层系油气勘探特殊性问题[J].地学前缘,2005,12(3):15-22. JIN Zhijun.Particularity of petroleum exploration on marine carbonate strata in China sedimentary basins[J].Earth Science Frontiers,2005,12(3):15-22.
[24] GOLDSTEIN R H.Fluid inclusions in sedimentary and diagenetic systems[J].Lithos,2001,55(1/4):159-193.
[25] 傅强,凌支虎.塔里木雅克拉断凸沉积埋藏史及成藏模式[J].成都理工学院学报,1996,23(2):74-79. FU Qiang,LING Zhihu.The depositional history and the pool-forming models in the Yakela convex block,Tarim Basin[J].Journal of Chengdu Institute of Technology,1996,23(2):74-79.
[26] 代寒松,赵锡奎,刘树根,等.塔里木盆地雅克拉断凸前中生界潜山构造与油气成藏[J].新疆石油地质,2009,30(1):17-20. DAI Hansong,ZHAO Xikui,LIU Shugen,et al.The Buried hill structure and oil-gas accumulation of pre-Mesozoic in Yakela Fault Bulge,Tarim Basin[J].Xinjiang Petroleum Geology,2009,30(1):17-20.
[27] 张水昌,高志勇,李建军,等.塔里木盆地寒武系-奥陶系海相烃源岩识别与分布预测[J].石油勘探与开发,2012,39(3):285-294. ZHANG Shuichang,GAO Zhiyong,LI Jianjun,et al.Identification and distribution of marine hydrocarbon source rocks in the Ordovician and Cambrian of the Tarim Basin[J].Petroleum Exploration and Development,2012,39(3):285-294.
[28] 朱传玲,闫华,云露,等.塔里木盆地沙雅隆起星火1井寒武系烃源岩特征[J].石油实验地质,2014,36(5):626-632. ZHU Chuanling,YAN Hua,YUN Lu,et al.Characteristics of Cambrian source rocks in well XH1,Shaya Uplift,Tarim Basin[J].Petroleum Geology and Experiment,2014,36(5):626-632.
[29] 何文渊,李江海,钱祥麟,等.塔里木盆地北部隆起负反转构造成因机制探讨[J].地质科学,2001,36(2):234-240. HE Wenyuan,LI Jianghai,QIAN Xianglin,et al.Mechanism of negative inversion-structuring in North Tarim Uplift[J].Chinese Journal of Geology,2001,36(2):234-240.
[30] 严俊君,黄太柱.塔里木盆地北部构造样式[J].地球科学(中国地质大学学报),1995,20(3):264-270. YAN Junjun,HUANG Taizhu.Structural styles of northern Tarim Basin,Xinjiang[J].Earth Science(Journal of China University of Geosciences),1995,20(3):264-270.
[31] 王铁冠,宋到福,李美俊,等.塔里木盆地顺南-古城地区奥陶系鹰山组天然气气源与深层天然气勘探前景[J].石油与天然气地质,2014,35(6):753-762. WANG Tieguan,SONG Daofu,LI Meijun,et al.Natural gas source and deep gas exploration potential of the Ordovician Yingshan Formation in the Shunnan-Gucheng region,Tarim Basin[J].Oil & Gas Geology,2014,35(6):753-762.
[32] 汤良杰,金之钧,张一伟,等.塔里木盆地北部隆起负反转构造及其地质意义[J].现代地质,1999,13(1):93-98. TANG Liangjie,JIN Zhijun,ZHANG Yiwei,et al.Negative inversion structures and geological significance of northern uplift,the Tarim Basin,Northwestern China[J].Geoscience (Journal of Graduate School,China University of Geosciences),1999,13(1):93-98.
[33] 刘池洋.翘倾断块的活动特征及其对油气的控制作用[J].西安地质学院学报,1984(1):88-94,120. LIU Chiyang.The activity characteristics of tilted fault block and its controlling role in oil and gas[J].Journal of Xi'an institute of Geology,1984(1):88-94,120.
[34] 王家豪,王华,陈红汉,等.库车前陆盆地前渊带层序地层分析:以白垩系卡普沙良群为例[J].地质科技情报,2005,24(1):25-29. WANG Jiahao,WANG Hua,CHEN Honghan,et al.Sequence stratigraphy of the foredeep in Kuqa Foreland Basin,Xinjiang:an example from the Cretaceous Kapushaliang Group[J].Geological Science and Technology Information,2005,24(1):25-29.
[35] 旷理雄,郭建华,黄太柱,等.塔里木盆地于奇地区奥陶系碳酸盐岩成藏条件及成藏模式[J].石油勘探与开发,2007,34(3):299-303,322. KUANG Lixiong,GUO Jianhua,HUANG Taizhu,et al.Petro-leum accumulation in Ordovician carbonate rocks of Yuqi region in Akekule Uplift,Tarim Basin[J].Petroleum Exploration and Development,2007,34(3):299-303,322.
[36] 韩强,蒲仁海,俞仁连,等.塔河油田古近系陆相油气地球化学特征及其远距离成藏模式[J].高校地质学报,2019,25(2):232-241. HAN Qiang,PU Renhai,YU Renlian,et al.Geochemistry of Paleogene continental oil and gas in the Tahe oil field and their ultra-long distance migration and accumulation model,Tarim Basin[J].Geological Journal of China Universities,2019,25(2):232-241.
[37] 斯尚华,陈红汉,丰勇,等.塔里木盆地沙雅隆起下白垩统双源三幕油气充注成藏的流体包裹体证据[J].石油学报,2013,34(1):12-21. SI Shanghua,CHEN Honghan,FENG Yong,et al.Two sources and three charging events of hydrocarbons in lower Cretaceous reservoirs in Shaya Uplift,Tarim Basin:evidence from fluid inclusion analysis[J].Acta Petrolei Sinica,2013,34(1):12-21.
[1] 乔桂林, 赵永强, 沙旭光, 周雨双, 罗宇. 塔里木盆地塔中隆起南坡油气勘探领域[J]. 石油实验地质, 2019, 41(5): 630-637.
[2] 王昱翔, 王斌, 顾忆, 傅强, 万旸璐, 李映涛. 塔里木盆地顺北地区中下奥陶统缝洞充填方解石地球化学特征及地质意义[J]. 石油实验地质, 2019, 41(4): 583-592.
[3] 彭丽, 王振彪, 阳建平, 陆永潮, 王倩, 张少伟, 王娜, 彭鹏. 塔里木盆地塔中10号构造带志留系柯坪塔格组低渗储层特征及控制因素[J]. 石油实验地质, 2019, 41(3): 355-362.
[4] 张永东, 赵永强, 马红强. 塔里木盆地巴麦地区泥盆系东河塘组砂岩储层致密化及成岩相[J]. 石油实验地质, 2019, 41(3): 363-371.
[5] 黄诚. 叠合盆地内部小尺度走滑断裂幕式活动特征及期次判别——以塔里木盆地顺北地区为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2019, 41(3): 379-389.
[6] 顾忆, 万旸璐, 黄继文, 庄新兵, 王斌, 李淼. “大埋深、高压力”条件下塔里木盆地超深层油气勘探前景[J]. 石油实验地质, 2019, 41(2): 157-164.
[7] 解巧明, 王震亮, 尹成明, 李清瑶, 廖晓, 赵子龙, 张快乐. 塔里木盆地西南坳陷英吉沙与皮山地区构造演化特征及对油气成藏的影响[J]. 石油实验地质, 2019, 41(2): 165-175.
[8] 张君龙, 冯子辉, 李强, 张斌. 塔里木盆地古城台缘带寒武系丘滩体气藏形成特征[J]. 石油实验地质, 2018, 40(5): 655-661.
[9] 乔桂林, 郑和荣, 余腾孝, 罗宇, 罗少辉. 塔里木盆地玉北地区断裂带控藏特征研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2018, 40(5): 662-668.
[10] 鲁新便, 杨敏, 汪彦, 鲍典, 曹飞, 杨德彬. 塔里木盆地北部“层控”与“断控”型油藏特征——以塔河油田奥陶系油藏为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2018, 40(4): 461-469.
[11] 尚凯, 吕海涛, 曹自成, 韩俊, 龚伟, 黄诚. 塔里木盆地顺托果勒低隆起一间房组分布及地质意义[J]. 石油实验地质, 2018, 40(3): 353-361.
[12] 刘勇, 徐国盛, 曾兵, 徐昉昊, 张武, 高耀, 袁海锋. 东海盆地西湖凹陷花港组储层孔隙演化与油气充注关系[J]. 石油实验地质, 2018, 40(2): 168-176.
[13] 余浩元, 蔡春芳, 郑剑锋, 黄理力, 袁文芳. 微生物结构对微生物白云岩孔隙特征的影响——以塔里木盆地柯坪地区肖尔布拉克组为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2018, 40(2): 233-243.
[14] 兰明杰, 王洪涛, 马庆佑, 杨素举, 李宗继, 陈昕华. 塔里木盆地顺北地区顺北8号走滑断裂特征及控储作用[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(S1): 1-6.
[15] 周红涛. 塔里木盆地北部顺北一区块奥陶系碳酸盐岩储层测井分析[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(S1): 7-12.