Please wait a minute...
石油实验地质  2018, Vol. 40 Issue (3): 372-380    DOI: 10.11781/sysydz201803372
盆地·油藏 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
刘静静, 邬长武, 丁峰
中国石化 石油勘探开发研究院, 北京 100083
Basin types and hydrocarbon distribution in salt basins in the South Atlantic
LIU Jingjing, WU Changwu, DING Feng
SINOPEC Petroleum Exploration & Production Research Institute, Beijing 100083, China
全文:  PDF(5242 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要: 南大西洋两岸含盐盆地属于裂谷—被动大陆边缘叠合盆地。盆地具有相同的构造演化历史和相似的地层发育特征,但油气分布极不均衡。在对盆地类型进一步细分的基础上,讨论含盐盆地油气分布规律。根据盆地裂谷层系结构特征,将南大西洋两岸含盐盆地划分为2种盆地类型:凹凸相间型裂谷层系盆地和单斜型裂谷层系盆地;再根据裂谷阶段断阶发育特征和被动大陆边缘阶段沉积特征,每种类型又可进一步划分为2个亚类。在区域成藏条件分析的基础上,划分出盐下裂谷层系、盐上白垩系和第三系3套成藏组合,明确了各类成藏组合的成藏模式和成藏主控因素。从盆地类型角度出发,在分析不同类型盆地油气成藏条件差异的基础上,指出了不同类型盆地油气分布规律的差异及勘探潜力。
关键词 成藏组合主控因素含盐盆地南大西洋    
Abstract:The salt basins in the South Atlantic are rift-passive continental margin superimposed basins.These basins have the same tectonic evolution history and similar characteristics of stratigraphic development, but the hydrocarbon distribution is extremely uneven.Based on the further subdivision of basin type, this paper discussed the distribution of hydrocarbon in the salt basins. First, according to the characteristics of stratigraphic structure which was deposited during the rift stage, the salt basins in the South Atlantic were divided into two kinds of basin:rift strata with characteristics of depressions and uplifts, and rift strata with monoclinic characteristics. According to the characteristics of stepped faults during the rift stage and the sedimentary characteristics during the stage of passive continental margin, each type can be subdivided into two subtypes. Second, based on the analysis of regional petroleum geological conditions, there are three hydrocarbon accumulation combinations in the study area, including pre-salt, post-salt Cretaceous and Tertiary hydrocarbon accumulation combinations, and this paper outlines accumulation models and the main controlling factors.Finally, from the point of view of the basin type, the difference of hydrocarbon accumulation conditions in different basins was pointed out, and the differences of hydrocarbon distribution in different basins were discussed. These results will guide further oil and gas exploration in the salt basins in the South Atlantic.
Key wordshydrocarbon accumulation combination    main controlling factor    salt basin    South Atlantic
收稿日期: 2017-09-02      出版日期: 2018-05-24
ZTFLH:  TE121.1  
通讯作者: 邬长武(1971-),男,博士研究生,研究员,从事石油地质综合研究。。     E-mail:
作者简介: 刘静静(1986-),女,博士研究生,工程师,从事石油地质综合研究。。
E-mail Alert

刘静静, 邬长武, 丁峰 .南大西洋两岸含盐盆地类型与油气分布规律[J].石油实验地质,2018,40(3):372-380.
LIU Jingjing, WU Changwu, DING Feng .Basin types and hydrocarbon distribution in salt basins in the South Atlantic[J].Petroleum Geology & Experiment,2018,40(3):372-380.

链接本文:      或

[1] 张勇刚,吕福亮,范国章,等.盐相关盆地油气地质特征及其勘探认识:以红海盆地为例[J].盐湖研究,2012,20(1):9-15. ZHANG Yonggang,LV Fuliang,FAN Guozhang,et al.Salt-related basin hydrocarbon geology characteristics and exploration recognition:A case study of Red Sea Basin[J].Journal of Salt Lake Research,2012,20(1):9-15.
[2] 聂明龙,童晓光,刘群明,等.土库曼斯坦阿姆河右岸地区盐下碳酸盐岩气藏类型及油气富集因素[J].石油实验地质,2016,38(1):70-75. NIE Minglong,TONG Xiaoguang,LIU Qunming,et al.Types of pre-salt carbonate gas reservoirs and hydrocarbon enrichment factors of Amu Darya right bank area in Turkmenistan[J].Petroleum Geology & Experiment,2016,38(1):70-75.
[3] WATTS A B,STEWART J.Gravity anomalies and segmentation of the continental margin offshore West Africa[J].Earth and Planetary Science Letters,1998,156(3/4):239-252.
[4] UNTERNEHR P,CURIE D,OLIVET J L,et al.South Atlantic fits and intraplate boundaries in Africa and South America[J].Tectonophysics,1988,155(1/4):169-179.
[5] KARNER G D,DRISCOLL N W,MCGINNIS J P,et al.Tectonic significance of syn-rift sediment packages across the Gabon-Cabinda continental margin[J].Marine and Petroleum Geology,1997,14(7/8):973-1000.
[6] ENERGY IHS.International petroleum exploration and production database[DB/OL].2016.
[7] COBBOLD P R,ROSSELLO E A,SZATMARI P,et al.Seismic and experimental evidence for thin-skinned horizontal shortening by convergent radial gliding on evaporites,deep-water Santos Basin,Brazil[M]//JACKSON M P A,ROBERTS D G,SNELSON S,eds.Salt tectonics:A global perspective.Tulsa:AAPG,1996:305-321.
[8] MOHRIAK W U,HOBBS R,DEWEY J F.Basin-forming processes and the deep structure of the Campos Basin,offshore Brazil[J].Marine and Petroleum Geology,1990,7(2):94-122.
[9] 熊利平,刘延莉,霍红.西非海岸南、北两段主要含油气盆地油气成藏特征对比[J].石油与天然气地质,2010,31(4):410-419. XIONG Liping,LIU Yanli,HUO Hong.Comparison of the hydrocarbon accumulation patterns of petroliferous basins between the north and south parts of the West African coast[J].Oil & Gas Geology,2010,31(4):410-419.
[10] 李明刚.桑托斯盆地盐下裂谷系构造特征及圈闭发育模式[J].断块油气田,2017,24(5):608-612. LI Minggang.Structural characteristics and trap development patterns of pre-salt rift system in Santos Basin[J].Fault-Block Oil and Gas Field,2017,24(5):608-612.
[11] 王柯,黄兴文,郝建荣.盐岩对烃源岩热演化及储层温度的影响:以加蓬盆地X区块为例[J].油气地质与采收率,2016,23(6):47-51. WANG Ke,HUANG Xingwen,HAO Jianrong.Effect of salt on thermal evolution of source rock and the temperature of reservoir:A case study of Block X in Gabon coastal basin[J].Petroleum Geo-logy and Recovery Efficiency,2016,23(6):47-51.
[12] 邬长武.南大西洋含盐盆地油气富集规律及勘探潜力[J].新疆石油地质,2015,36(1):121-126. WU Changwu.Hydrocarbon enrichment characteristics and exploration potentials in salt basins of South Atlantic[J].Xinjiang Petroleum Geology,2015,36(1):121-126.
[13] MEISLING K E,COBBOLD P R,MOUNT V S.Segmentation of an obliquely rifted margin,Campos and Santos basins,southeastern Brazil[J].AAPG Bulletin,2001,85(11):1903-1924.
[14] 孙自明,何治亮.裂谷与被动陆缘叠合盆地的盐构造与油气成藏:以西非下刚果-刚果扇盆地和宽扎盆地为例[J].石油实验地质,2016(3):287-292. SUN Ziming,HE Zhiliang.Salt tectonics and its relationship to hydrocarbon accumulation in salt basins with a lower rifted section and an upper continental marginal section:A case study of the Lower Congo-Congo Fan basins and the Kwanza Basin in West Africa[J].Petroleum Geology & Experiment,2016(3):287-292.
[15] 刘亚雷,柳永杰,李梅,等.西非宽扎盆地盐下构造特征及成藏条件分析[J].断块油气田,2017,24(1):1-4. LIU Yalei,LIU Yongjie,LI Mei,et al.Pre-salt structure characteristics and reservoir conditions of Kwanza Basin,West Africa[J].Fault-Block Oil and Gas Field,2017,24(1):1-4.
[16] 汪新伟,孟庆强,邬长武,等.巴西大坎波斯盆地裂谷体系及其对盐下成藏的控制作用[J].石油与天然气地质,2015,36(2):193-202. WANG Xinwei,MENG Qingqiang,WU Changwu,et al.Rift system and its controlling effects upon pre-salt hydrocarbon accumulation in Great Campos Basin,Brazil[J].Oil & Gas Geology,2015,36(2):193-202.
[17] 梁英波,张光亚,刘祚冬,等.巴西坎普斯-桑托斯盆地油气差异富集规律[J].海洋地质前沿,2011,27(12):55-62. LIANG Yingbo,ZHANG Guangya,LIU Zuodong,et al.Hydrocarbon enrichment in the Campos and Santos basins in Brazil[J].Marine Geology Frontiers,2011,27(12):55-62.
[18] 秦雁群,梁英波,张光亚,等.巴西东部海域深水盐上碎屑岩油气成藏条件与勘探方向[J].中国石油勘探,2015,20(5):63-72. QIN Yanque,LIANG Yingbo,ZHANG Guangya,et al.Hydrocarbon accumulation conditions and further exploration of post-salt clastic rock in Brazil's eastern deepwater area[J].China Petroleum Exploration,2015,20(5):63-72.
[19] LONCKE L,GAULLIER V,MASCLE J,et al.The Nile deep-sea fan:An example of interacting sedimentation,salt tectonics,and inherited subsalt paleotopographic features[J].Marine and Petroleum Geology,2006,23(3):297-315.
[20] PROCHNOW S J,ATCHLEY S C,BOUCHER T E,et al.The influence of salt withdrawal subsidence on palaeosol maturity and cyclic fluvial deposition in the Upper Triassic Chinle Formation:Castle Valley,Utah[J].Sedimentology,2006,53(6):1319-1345.
[21] 刘深艳,胡孝林,常迈.西非加蓬海岸盆地盐岩特征及其石油地质意义[J].海洋石油,2011,31(3):1-10. LIU Shenyan,HU Xiaolin,CHANG Mai.Characteristics of salt of Gabon coastal basin in West Africa:Implications for petroleum exploration[J].Offshore Oil,2011,31(3):1-10.
[22] MELLO U T,KARNER G D,ANDERSON R N.Role of salt in restraining the maturation of subsalt source rocks[J].Marine and Petroleum Geology,1995,12(7):697-716.
[23] NAGIHARA S.Three-dimensional inverse modeling of the refractive heat-flow anomaly associated with salt diapirism[J].AAPG Bulletin,2003,87(7):1207-1222.
[24] IHS.International petroleum exploration and production database:Basin monitor of Sergipe-Alagoas Basin,Brazil[DB/OL].2015.
[25] BAUDOUY S,LEGORJUS C.Sendji field-People's Republic of Congo,Congo Basin[J].AAPG Special Volumes,1991,19:121-149.
[1] 张鹏, 张金功, 张亮, 袁义东, 郝杰, 杨燕. 济阳坳陷渤南洼陷沙河街组二段多源供烃成藏模式[J]. 石油实验地质, 2018, 40(2): 159-167.
[2] 田纳新, 姜向强, 石磊, 曾昱昕. 南美重点盆地油气地质特征及资源潜力[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(6): 825-833.
[3] 林怡, 陈聪, 山述娇, 曾乙洋, 刘鑫, 陈友莲. 四川盆地寒武系洗象池组储层基本特征及主控因素研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(5): 610-617.
[4] 杜伟维, 石媛媛, 洪才均. 塔河油田石炭系卡拉沙依组勘探有利区带精细评价[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(4): 580-586.
[5] 梁世友, 倪春华, 曾广东, 周小进, 陈剑新. 北部湾盆地涠西地区W4井油气成藏主控因素分析[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(3): 327-333.
[6] 徐楠, 徐曦, 周波, 梅甫定, 高顺莉, 王兴建. 下扬子区新生代构造变形物理模拟及其主控因素[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(3): 409-416.
[7] 张燕, 田作基, 温志新, 王兆明, 宋成鹏, 吴义平. 东非裂谷系东支油气成藏主控因素及勘探潜力[J]. 石油实验地质, 2017, 39(1): 79-85.
[8] 曾小明, 邹明生, 张辉, 于佳, 陈晓武, 莫冯阳. 北部湾盆地乌石凹陷东区流沙港组三段储层物性主控因素及分布规律[J]. 石油实验地质, 2016, 38(6): 757-764.
[9] 林红梅. 渤海湾盆地车镇凹陷南坡碳酸盐岩分布主控因素[J]. 石油实验地质, 2016, 38(6): 779-786.
[10] 燕继红, 李启桂, 朱祥. 四川盆地及周缘下寒武统页岩气成藏主控因素与勘探方向[J]. 石油实验地质, 2016, 38(4): 445-452.
[11] 余一欣, 殷进垠, 郑俊章, 李锋, 王震, 徐小龙, 吴航. 中亚阿姆达林盆地油气富集规律与有利区分析[J]. 石油实验地质, 2015, 37(6): 758-763.
[12] 陶崇智, 殷进垠, 陆红梅, 王一帆, 刘君兰, 牛新杰. 南大西洋被动陆缘盆地盐岩对油气成藏的影响[J]. 石油实验地质, 2015, 37(5): 614-618.
[13] 齐亚林, 赵彦德, 王克, 黄锦绣, 吕剑文, 张雪峰. 鄂尔多斯盆地姬塬与黄陵地区长8段储层主控因素研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2015, 37(3): 334-340.
[14] 马中远, 杨素举, 徐勤琪, 张黎, 张君子, 黄苇. 塔里木盆地先巴扎地区小海子组碳酸盐岩储集层主控因素分析[J]. 石油实验地质, 2015, 37(3): 300-306.
[15] 郭念发. 北加蓬次盆油气成藏主控因素分析及勘探潜力评价[J]. 石油实验地质, 2015, 37(2): 194-197.