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中国石化深层、常压页岩气勘探开发进展与展望

蔡勋育 周德华 赵培荣 张华 钱恪然 万成祥

蔡勋育, 周德华, 赵培荣, 张华, 钱恪然, 万成祥. 中国石化深层、常压页岩气勘探开发进展与展望[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(6): 1039-1049. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061039
引用本文: 蔡勋育, 周德华, 赵培荣, 张华, 钱恪然, 万成祥. 中国石化深层、常压页岩气勘探开发进展与展望[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(6): 1039-1049. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061039
CAI Xunyu, ZHOU Dehua, ZHAO Peirong, ZHANG Hua, QIAN Keran, WAN Chenxiang. Development progress and outlook of deep and normal pressure shale gas of SINOPEC[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(6): 1039-1049. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061039
Citation: CAI Xunyu, ZHOU Dehua, ZHAO Peirong, ZHANG Hua, QIAN Keran, WAN Chenxiang. Development progress and outlook of deep and normal pressure shale gas of SINOPEC[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(6): 1039-1049. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061039

中国石化深层、常压页岩气勘探开发进展与展望

doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061039
详细信息
    作者简介:

    蔡勋育(1963—),男,博士,教授级高级工程师,从事油气勘探研究与生产管理。E-mail: caixy@sinopec.com

  • 中图分类号: TE32

Development progress and outlook of deep and normal pressure shale gas of SINOPEC

  • 摘要: 近十几年以来,随着页岩气勘探开发理论技术水平的提高,我国实现了南方上奥陶统五峰组—下志留统龙马溪组海相页岩气商业化开发,并向深层、复杂构造区和新层系拓展。为进一步推动页岩气高效勘探开发,系统梳理了中国石化页岩气勘探开发新进展,并对国内页岩气发展趋势进行分析。研究结果表明:①高质量建成涪陵页岩气国家级示范区,创新形成了海相页岩气立体开发关键技术体系;②实现南川东胜、白马区块常压页岩气规模效益开发,构建了背斜型、单斜型、反向逆断层遮挡型、残留向斜型四种页岩气聚散模式,形成精细分区,差异化开发新模式,初步建成常压页岩气开发低成本技术体系;③初步落实川东南盆缘深层万亿方规模阵地,创新形成海相深层页岩气“超压富气”模式,初步形成4 000~4 500 m深层页岩气压裂技术体系;④相继在元坝、普光侏罗系,红星、普光二叠系、井研—犍为寒武系取得重大突破;⑤未来实现页岩气大突破和大发展离不开勘探开发理论技术的创新攻关,必须坚持勘探开发一体化、地质工程一体化、技术经济一体化,需要充分认识深层、常压、新层系页岩气地质特征的复杂性,还需要政策扶持等。

     

  • 图  1  中国石化页岩气勘探开发历程

    Figure  1.  Shale gas exploration and development history of SINOPEC

    图  2  丛式交叉水平井示意

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of cluster crossing horizontal wells

    图  3  涪陵国家级页岩气示范区焦石坝区块立体开发调整井网示意

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of three-dimensional development and adjustment of well network in Jiaoshiba block in Fuling National Shale Gas Demonstration Zone

    图  4  四川盆地及周缘深层页岩气勘探有利目标评价

    Figure  4.  Evaluation of favorable targets for deep shale gas exploration in Sichuan Basin and its periphery

    图  5  川东南地区不同埋深和地层压力条件下志留统龙马溪组页岩孔隙度

    Figure  5.  Porosity of Lower Silurian Longmaxi Formation shale under different burial depths and formation pressure conditions in southeastern Sichuan

    图  6  四川盆地及周缘常压页岩气典型井分布

    Figure  6.  Typical well distribution of normal-pressured shale gas in Sichuan Basin and its periphery

    表  1  四川盆地常压页岩气四种聚散模式对比

    Table  1.   Comparison of four accumulation modes of normal-pressured shale gas in Sichuan Basin

    聚散模式 地质特征 典型构造
    背斜型 正向构造利于页岩气富集,处于张性应力场,发育向上开口“V”字型裂缝,物性较好,含气量较高,裂缝越发育越利于富集高产 平桥背斜
    东胜背斜
    老厂坪背斜
    单斜型 深部位受储层非均质性等控制,保存条件较好,具有盆内气源补充,发育“E”字型层间缝,相对利于页岩气聚集 东胜南斜坡
    阳春沟南斜坡
    反向逆断层遮挡型 受反向逆断层侧向封堵,页岩气滞留于断层下盘,发育“X”型剪节理,利于页岩气聚集 平桥断下盘
    道真断下盘
    阳春沟断层下盘
    残留向斜型 页岩四周出露,页岩气发生逸散,保存条件受埋深、剥蚀距离、走滑断层及地层倾角等影响,发育向下开口的“A”字型天然裂缝 武隆向斜
    桑柘坪向斜
    湾地向斜
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  四川盆地白马区块各地质分区特点及对应开发技术政策、压裂技术

    Table  2.   Characteristics of each geological zone in Baima block of Sichuan Basin and corresponding exploration technology policies and fracturing technologies

    大区 小区 构造单元 条件 综合评分 开发技术政策 压裂技术
    压力系数 埋深/m 应力性质 穿行层位 井网井距/m 布井方位 水平段长/m 改造难点 压裂工艺
    西区 西1区 和顺断鼻 0.9~1.0 2 600~3 500 强拉张 0.55 ③上 300~350 北东向 1 500~3 000 裂缝诱导作用强 前置暂堵改造
    西2区 南斜坡1号断块 1.0~1.2 2 800~4 000 中弱挤压 0.67 ①上—③下 250~300 北西向 1 254~1 642 滤失大、影响裂缝延伸 降滤促缝+超大排量
    东区 东1区 向斜北翼 1.0~1.1 3 000~4 100 中弱拉张—中弱挤压 0.63 ③上 300为主 北东向 1 500~3 000 滤失大、影响裂缝延伸 降滤促缝+超大排量
    东2区 向斜核部 1.3~1.4 4 000~4 800 中强挤压 0.63 ①上—③下 250为主 北西向 1 462~2 220 应力高,裂缝欠发育 综合降压+暂堵
    东3区 向斜南翼—南斜坡 1.0~1.3 2 600~4 000 中弱拉张—中弱挤压 0.74 ①上—③下 250~300 北西向 1 254~1 642 应力高,裂缝欠发育 综合降压+暂堵
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-09-28
  • 修回日期:  2023-11-09
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