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致密油源储组合差异富集机制与控藏模式——以酒泉盆地青西凹陷为例

罗群 红兰 高阳 邓远 李映艳 王仕琛 马文彧 许倩

罗群, 红兰, 高阳, 邓远, 李映艳, 王仕琛, 马文彧, 许倩. 致密油源储组合差异富集机制与控藏模式——以酒泉盆地青西凹陷为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(1): 1-10. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202301001
引用本文: 罗群, 红兰, 高阳, 邓远, 李映艳, 王仕琛, 马文彧, 许倩. 致密油源储组合差异富集机制与控藏模式——以酒泉盆地青西凹陷为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(1): 1-10. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202301001
LUO Qun, HONG Lan, GAO Yang, DENG Yuan, LI Yingyan, WANG Shichen, MA Wenyu, XU Qian. Differential mechanism of tight oil enrichment and reservoir controlling model of source and reservoir combinations: a case study of Qingxi Sag, Jiuquan Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(1): 1-10. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202301001
Citation: LUO Qun, HONG Lan, GAO Yang, DENG Yuan, LI Yingyan, WANG Shichen, MA Wenyu, XU Qian. Differential mechanism of tight oil enrichment and reservoir controlling model of source and reservoir combinations: a case study of Qingxi Sag, Jiuquan Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(1): 1-10. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202301001

致密油源储组合差异富集机制与控藏模式——以酒泉盆地青西凹陷为例

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202301001
基金项目: 

中国石油—中国石油大学(北京)战略合作科技专项 ZLZX2020-01-6

详细信息
    作者简介:

    罗群(1963-), 男, 博士, 教授, 从事非常规油气成藏与地质评价研究。E-mail: luoqun2002@263.net

  • 中图分类号: TE122.3

Differential mechanism of tight oil enrichment and reservoir controlling model of source and reservoir combinations: a case study of Qingxi Sag, Jiuquan Basin

  • 摘要: 源储品质及其空间匹配组合类型是致密油充注成藏与富集的关键因素,然而目前对其认识不足,尤其对不同类型源储组合致密油充注成藏与富集的差异性及其形成机制缺少深入研究,制约了致密油成藏理论的形成与勘探开发进展。以酒泉盆地青西凹陷为例,通过野外观察、岩心描述、钻井分析,总结出下源上储、上源下储、三明治型3种基本类型,源储一体、源储(薄)互层2种特殊类型,下源上储Ⅱ型、上源下储Ⅱ型、三明治Ⅱ型3种复合类型共8种类型的致密油源储组合,其中前5种为常见的源储组合类型。钻探成果统计与核磁共振实验相互验证了源储组合类型与致密油富集的对应关系,即源储一体型致密油富集程度最高,其次是三明治型,上源下储型要好于下源上储型,薄互层型不利于致密油的成藏与富集。揭示了下源上储、上源下储、三明治、源储一体、薄互层5种常见源储组合类型的致密油充注成藏与富集机制及其差异,总结了这5种源储组合致密油充注成藏与富集模式,指出致密油成藏动力、充注方式、保存条件是控制致密油充注成藏机制与富集差异的主控因素,而这些主控因素又与致密油源储组合类型密切相关。

     

  • 图  1  酒泉盆地青西凹陷构造位置

    Figure  1.  Tectonic location of Qingxi Sag, Jiuquan Basin

    图  2  酒泉盆地青西凹陷下白垩统地层系统综合柱状图

    Figure  2.  Comprehensive histogram of Lower Cretaceous stratigraphic system in Qingxi Sag, Jiuquan Basin

    图  3  酒泉盆地青西凹陷各种岩性(烃源岩、储层类型)的RD-GR分布

    白云岩(储层), GR>100 API, RD为40~5 000 Ω·m;粉砂岩(储层), GR < 100 API, RD为10~20 Ω·m;云质泥岩(裂缝不发育,烃源), GR为100~120 API, RD < 80 Ω·m;砾岩(储层), GR>100 API, RD为100~1 000 Ω·m;暗色泥岩(烃源), GR < 60 API, RD>30 Ω·m;泥质云岩(储层), GR>100 API, RD为30~5 000 Ω·m;云质泥岩(裂缝发育,储层), GR < 80~100 API, RD>1 000 Ω·m

    Figure  3.  RD-GR distribution of various lithologies (source rocks and reservoir types) in Qingxi Sag, Jiuquan Basin

    图  4  酒泉盆地青西凹陷红柳峡实测剖面源储单元分布及其空间匹配和组合类型

    Figure  4.  Distribution of source and reservoir units and their spatial matching and combination types in measured section of Hongliuxia, Qingxi Sag, Jiuquan Basin

    图  5  酒泉盆地青西凹陷柳4井K1g14到K1g32单井源储组合划分

    Figure  5.  Division of source and reservoir assemblages in single well from K1g14 to K1g32 in well Liu 4, Qingxi Sag, Jiuquan Basin

    图  6  酒泉盆地青西凹陷源储组合类型

    Figure  6.  Source and reservoir assemblage types in Qingxi Sag, Jiuquan Basin

    图  7  酒泉盆地青西凹陷典型井石油日产量与源储组合类型的关系

    图中石油日产量为相同试油方式。

    Figure  7.  Relationship between daily oil production and source-reservoir combination types in typical wells, Qingxi Sag, Jiuquan Basin

    图  8  核磁共振实验测得的酒泉盆地青西凹陷典型井中不同类型源储组合储层样品可动油饱和度分布

    Figure  8.  Saturation distribution measured by NMR experiment of movable oil in reservoir samples of different types of source-reservoir combinations in typical wells in Qingxi Sag, Jiuquan Basin

    图  9  下源上储型(A型)组合致密油充注成藏机理模式

    Figure  9.  Mechanism model for charging and accumulation of tight oil in lower source and upper reservoir (type A) combination

    图  10  上源下储型(B型)组合致密油充注成藏机理模式

    Figure  10.  Mechanism model for charging and accumulation of tight oil in upper source and lower reservoir type (type B) combination

    图  11  三明治型(C型)源储组合致密油充注成藏机理模式

    Figure  11.  Mechanism model for charging and accumulation of tight oil in sandwich type (type C) source-reservoir combination

    图  12  源储一体型(D型)源储组合致密油充注成藏机理模式

    Figure  12.  Mechanism model for charging and accumulation of tight oil in self-generating and self-reservoiring type (type D) combination

    表  1  酒泉盆地青西凹陷下沟组致密油源储单元划分标准

    Table  1.   Classification criteria for source and reservoir units of tight oil in Xiagou Formation, Qingxi Sag, Jiuquan Basin

    划分标准 参数值
    烃源岩 地质指标 累积厚度/m >15
    泥地比/% >60
    夹层厚度/m <5
    岩性 泥岩、页岩、云泥岩
    颜色 黑色、灰色、深灰
    地化指标 TOC/% >1.0
    氯仿沥青“A”/% >0.1
    (S1+S2)/(mg·g-1) >2
    Ro/% 0.6~1.5
    有机质类型 Ⅰ、Ⅱ1、Ⅱ2
    测井指标 GR/API 20~50
    100~150
    RD/(Ω·m) <100
    储层 地质指标 累积厚度/m >15
    泥地比/% >60
    夹层厚度/m <5
    岩性 云岩、泥云岩、粉砂岩、砂岩等
    颜色 灰色、灰白色
    孔隙度/% 2~10
    空气渗透率/10-3 μm2 <1
    测井指标 GR/API 80~150
    RD/(Ω·m) 100~5 000
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-10
  • 修回日期:  2022-12-07
  • 刊出日期:  2023-01-28

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