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深层—超深层油气成藏研究新进展及展望

关晓东 郭磊

关晓东, 郭磊. 深层—超深层油气成藏研究新进展及展望[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(2): 203-209. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202302203
引用本文: 关晓东, 郭磊. 深层—超深层油气成藏研究新进展及展望[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(2): 203-209. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202302203
GUAN Xiaodong, GUO Lei. New progress and prospect of oil and gas accumulation research in deep to ultra-deep strata[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(2): 203-209. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202302203
Citation: GUAN Xiaodong, GUO Lei. New progress and prospect of oil and gas accumulation research in deep to ultra-deep strata[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(2): 203-209. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202302203

深层—超深层油气成藏研究新进展及展望

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202302203
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 U20B6001

国家自然科学基金 42172168

详细信息
    作者简介:

    关晓东(1968-), 男, 高级工程师, 从事油气勘探研究及科技管理。E-mail: guanxd@sinopec.com

  • 中图分类号: TE122.3

New progress and prospect of oil and gas accumulation research in deep to ultra-deep strata

  • 摘要: 我国深层—超深层油气资源丰富,但勘探程度较低。深层—超深层具有比浅层更高的温度和压力,并且来自于深部的流体在深层的作用更强,因此,深层—超深层油气藏与浅层油气藏具有不同的成藏机理。通过广泛调研国内外相关研究,较为系统地总结了深层—超深层油气藏在成烃、成储和成藏方面的特殊性及其主控因素。提出深层—超深层环境中存在促进烃源灶继续生烃的物质和能量,能进一步促进油气形成;起源于深层—超深层储层之下的流体可以发挥建设性作用,从而在深层形成优质规模储层;流经烃源岩和储层的深部富CO2流体对深层烃类具有促排作用,并在浅层发挥促藏作用。尽管前人归纳的这些理论对指导发现规模油气藏尚存一些争议,但应该看到,在深层—超深层独特的地质条件下,在总结油气成藏规律时,全面、充分考虑各种因素,有助于提高深层—超深层探井成功率,降低勘探成本。

     

  • 图  1  传统的干酪根生烃模式

    据参考文献[5]修改。

    Figure  1.  Traditional hydrocarbon generation model of kerogen

    图  2  外源氢参与下有机质生烃模式(b) 与传统生烃模式(a)的异同

    据参考文献[15]修改。

    Figure  2.  Differences and similarities between organic matter hydrocarbon generation model with the participation of exogenous hydrogen (b) and traditional hydrocarbon generation model (a)

    图  3  外源氢作用下烃源岩生烃新模式

    据参考文献[19]修改。

    Figure  3.  A new hydrocarbon generation model of source rocks under the action of exogenous hydrogen

    图  4  沉积盆地基底之下的流体影响储层孔隙度演化

    据参考文献[36]修改。

    Figure  4.  Fluid under the basement of sedimentary basin affects the evolution of reservoir porosity

    图  5  深源CO2—原油耦合成藏模式

    据参考文献[53]修改。

    Figure  5.  Deep source CO2 and crude oil coupling reservoir formation model

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-10-11
  • 修回日期:  2023-02-23
  • 刊出日期:  2023-03-28

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