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准噶尔盆地腹部上二叠统—下三叠统浅水辫状河三角洲沉积特征与模式

王斌 邱岐 陆永潮 刘德志 王继远 杜学斌 李振明 李祥权

王斌, 邱岐, 陆永潮, 刘德志, 王继远, 杜学斌, 李振明, 李祥权. 准噶尔盆地腹部上二叠统—下三叠统浅水辫状河三角洲沉积特征与模式[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(4): 606-619. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304606
引用本文: 王斌, 邱岐, 陆永潮, 刘德志, 王继远, 杜学斌, 李振明, 李祥权. 准噶尔盆地腹部上二叠统—下三叠统浅水辫状河三角洲沉积特征与模式[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(4): 606-619. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304606
WANG Bin, QIU Qi, LU Yongchao, LIU Dezhi, WANG Jiyuan, DU Xuebin, LI Zhenming, LI Xiangquan. Sedimentary characteristics and sedimentary model of the Upper Permian-Lower Triassic shallow braided river delta in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(4): 606-619. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304606
Citation: WANG Bin, QIU Qi, LU Yongchao, LIU Dezhi, WANG Jiyuan, DU Xuebin, LI Zhenming, LI Xiangquan. Sedimentary characteristics and sedimentary model of the Upper Permian-Lower Triassic shallow braided river delta in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(4): 606-619. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304606

准噶尔盆地腹部上二叠统—下三叠统浅水辫状河三角洲沉积特征与模式

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304606
基金项目: 

中国石化科技部项目“准噶尔盆地石炭—二叠系潜力评价与目标优选” P21077-1

“准噶尔盆地腹部下组合油气成藏条件与勘探方向” P22132

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王斌(1981—),男,博士,高级工程师,从事沉积储层与油气成藏研究。E-mail:wangbin.syky@sinopec.com

  • 中图分类号: TE121.3

Sedimentary characteristics and sedimentary model of the Upper Permian-Lower Triassic shallow braided river delta in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

  • 摘要: 准噶尔盆地下组合油气资源规模巨大,是最重要的战略接替领域;腹部四大凹陷二叠系—三叠系发育规模三角洲砂体,并在其中连获油气新发现。为了揭示腹部凹陷区沉积特征、沉积模式和砂体展布规律,基于大量新钻井岩心、测录井和地球物理资料,系统开展了盆地原型、层序格架、古地貌恢复和沉积体系研究。准噶尔盆地腹部上二叠统—下三叠统浅水辫状河三角洲发育期具有大型坳陷湖盆发育背景,沉积时期地形平缓,坡度小,物源供给充足,水体极浅且频繁动荡,氧化和还原环境交替出现,且整体以氧化环境为主;浅水辫状河三角洲具有粒度较粗、低杂基含量、中等结构成熟度、较长距离搬运、强水动力淘洗、发育交错层理和平行层理等沉积特征;腹部地区上乌尔禾组—百口泉组沉积时期优势水系主要来自西北和东北方向,整体自北向南延伸,发育乌尔禾、克拉玛依及克拉美丽3大物源体系。盆内地形分带性明显,形成扇三角洲区、辫状河三角洲平原区、前缘区和湖区4个相带,由此在腹部地区形成了“大平原、小前缘”的浅水辫状河三角洲沉积格局,其中平原区和前缘区均为有利砂体发育地带。

     

  • 图  1  准噶尔盆地构造单元划分及二叠系—三叠系综合柱状图

    Figure  1.  Structural unit division and comprehensive histogram of Permian-Triassic in the Junggar Basin

    图  2  准噶尔盆地腹部典型地震剖面关键不整合界面识别特征

    剖面位置见图 1B-B’和C-C’。

    Figure  2.  Identification characteristics of key unconformity interfaces in typical seismic profiles in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  3  准噶尔盆地腹部上二叠统上乌尔禾组—下三叠统百口泉组碎屑岩岩石学特征

    a.Z10井,6 801 m,T1b,岩屑细砂岩,分选中等,磨圆次棱角状为主,个别可达次圆状,岩石成分以火山岩屑为主,方解石胶结,正交偏光;b.Z10井,6 961 m,T1b,含砾岩屑细砂岩,分选中等,磨圆以次棱角状为主,较大的砾石颗粒可达次圆状,岩石成分以火山岩屑为主,石英含量较低,颗粒间硅质胶结,单偏光;c.Z10井,7 059.5 m,T1b,岩屑细砂岩,分选中等,磨圆次棱角—次圆状,岩石成分以中—基性火山岩屑为主,少量石英,颗粒间浊沸石胶结, 单偏光;d.S15井,6 036 m,P3w,砂砾岩,分选较差,磨圆次棱角—次圆状,个别较大的砾石颗粒可达圆状,成分以火山岩屑为主,石英含量低,颗粒间硅质胶结,正交偏光;e.S15井,6 196 m,P3w,岩屑细砂岩,分选中等,磨圆次棱角—次圆状,岩石成分以中—基性火山岩屑为主,颗粒间浊沸石胶结, 单偏光;f.Z10井,7 272 m,P3w,含砾岩屑细砂岩,分选中等,磨圆次棱角—次圆状,成分以火山岩屑为主,少量石英,颗粒间浊沸石胶结,单偏光;g.ST1井,4 936.98 m,T1b,灰色细砾岩,砾石分选中等,磨圆次圆状为主,局部次棱角状,砾岩成分复杂,以变质砾岩为主,含变质砂岩,颗粒接触,杂基支撑;h.S12井,5 129.8 m,T1b,灰色砂砾岩,砾石分选中等,磨圆次棱角—次圆状,砾石沿长轴方向具有定向性;i.KT1井,4 999.05 m,P3w,灰绿色粉砂岩,发育小型板状交错层理。

    Figure  3.  Petrology characteristics of clastic rocks in the Upper Permian Upper Wuerhe Formation to Lower Triassic Upper Baikouquan Formation in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  4  准噶尔盆地腹部S15井上二叠统上乌尔禾组碎屑岩沉积学特征

    Figure  4.  Sedimentary characteristics of clastic rocks in the Upper Permian Upper Wuerhe Formation of well S15 in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  5  准噶尔盆地腹部上二叠统上乌尔禾组—下三叠统百口泉组色度指数分布

    Figure  5.  Chromaticity index distribution of the Upper Permian Upper Wuerhe Formation to Lower Triassic Baikouquan Formation in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  6  准噶尔盆地腹部过Z10井南北方向上乌尔禾组下段地震剖面

    层拉平,井位见图 1

    Figure  6.  Seismic profile of the lower section of Upper Wuerhe Formation on the SN direction crossing well Z10 in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  7  准噶尔盆地三叠系百口泉组沉积期古地貌格局

    Figure  7.  Paleogeomorphic pattern during the sedimentary period of Triassic Baikouquan Formation in the Junggar Basin

    图  8  准噶尔盆地腹部上二叠统—下三叠统浅水辫状河三角洲沉积模式

    Figure  8.  Sedimentary model of shallow braided river delta in Upper Permian-Lower Triassic in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  9  准噶尔盆地晚二叠世一早三叠世层序格架与沉积相剖面

    剖面位置见图 1 A-A'

    Figure  9.  Sequence framework and sedimentary facies profile of Late Permian- Early Triassic in the Junggar Basin

    图  10  准噶尔盆地二叠系上乌尔禾组沉积体系平面展布

    Figure  10.  Plane distribution of sedimentary system of Permian Upper Wuerhe Formation in the Junggar Basin

    图  11  准噶尔盆地三叠系百口泉组沉积体系平面展布

    Figure  11.  Plane distribution of sedimentary system of Triassic Baikouquan Formation in the Junggar Basin

    表  1  准噶尔盆地腹部测井曲线组合特征

    Table  1.   Logging curve combination characteristics in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-05-18
  • 修回日期:  2023-06-30
  • 刊出日期:  2023-07-28

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