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准噶尔盆地腹部深层—超深层碎屑岩储层发育特征与孔隙演化定量表征

张关龙 王继远 王斌 刘德志 郑胜 穆玉庆 邱岐

张关龙, 王继远, 王斌, 刘德志, 郑胜, 穆玉庆, 邱岐. 准噶尔盆地腹部深层—超深层碎屑岩储层发育特征与孔隙演化定量表征[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(4): 620-631. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304620
引用本文: 张关龙, 王继远, 王斌, 刘德志, 郑胜, 穆玉庆, 邱岐. 准噶尔盆地腹部深层—超深层碎屑岩储层发育特征与孔隙演化定量表征[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(4): 620-631. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304620
ZHANG Guanlong, WANG Jiyuan, WANG Bin, LIU Dezhi, ZHENG Sheng, MU Yuqing, QIU Qi. Development characteristics and quantitative characterization of pore evolution of deep and ultra-deep clastic reservoirs in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(4): 620-631. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304620
Citation: ZHANG Guanlong, WANG Jiyuan, WANG Bin, LIU Dezhi, ZHENG Sheng, MU Yuqing, QIU Qi. Development characteristics and quantitative characterization of pore evolution of deep and ultra-deep clastic reservoirs in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(4): 620-631. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304620

准噶尔盆地腹部深层—超深层碎屑岩储层发育特征与孔隙演化定量表征

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304620
基金项目: 

中国石化科技部项目“准噶尔盆地石炭—二叠系潜力评价与目标优选” P21077-1

“准噶尔盆地腹部下组合油气成藏条件与勘探方向” P22132

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张关龙(1980—),男,博士,研究员,从事勘探综合研究。E-mail: zhanggl732.slyt@sinopec.com

  • 中图分类号: TE122.2

Development characteristics and quantitative characterization of pore evolution of deep and ultra-deep clastic reservoirs in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

  • 摘要: 腹部下组合(二叠系—三叠系)是准噶尔盆地油气勘探重要的战略接替领域。多井钻揭6 km以下优质碎屑岩储层,大大突破了传统碎屑岩有效储层埋深下限,明确储层发育状况及孔隙演化过程是确定油气能否富集成藏的关键问题。以腹部地区典型钻井为例,综合岩石薄片镜下分析、孔渗测试、图像分析技术、孔隙度演化定量表征及包裹体测温和盆地模拟等方法,从定性和定量的角度全面剖析准噶尔盆地腹部下组合深层—超深层碎屑岩储层的岩石学、物性及孔隙结构特征,并定量恢复孔隙演化过程。结果表明,腹部下组合中三叠系百口泉组砂体最为发育,二叠系上乌尔禾组及三叠系克拉玛依组次之;各层位岩石类型均以岩屑砂岩为主,少量长石岩屑砂岩,岩屑成分主要为中—基性火山岩屑,长石、石英含量偏低,二者之和普遍低于20%;克拉玛依组原生孔隙发育,物性最好,孔隙度最高可达13.18%。上乌尔禾组和百口泉组以次生溶蚀孔为主,溶蚀物质主要为中—基性火山岩屑、浊沸石胶结物及少量长石,二者物性较其上覆克拉玛依组差;克拉玛依组孔隙演化经历较弱压实(压实减孔量21.08%)、弱胶结(胶结减孔量2.88%)和弱溶蚀(溶蚀增孔量1.4%),现今高孔隙度主要得益于弱压实、晚期弱胶结作用下原生孔隙的大量保存;百口泉组和上乌尔禾组经历强压实(压实减孔量分别为26.60%和26.43%)、强胶结(胶结减孔量分别为7.43%和11%)和中等—强溶蚀(溶蚀增孔量分别为6.32%和4.21%),溶蚀作用是二者增孔的最主要途径,但不足以弥补强压实和强胶结的减孔效应,导致二者现今孔隙度较低。

     

  • 图  1  准噶尔盆地腹部构造分区及地层柱状图

    Figure  1.  Geotectonic zoning and lithologic histogram of the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  2  准噶尔盆地腹部下组合分层岩性统计

    Figure  2.  Statistical histogram of stratified lithology of the lower play in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  3  准噶尔盆地腹部下组合岩石类型

    部分数据来自文献[8]。

    Figure  3.  Triangle diagram of rock types of the lower play in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  4  准噶尔盆地腹部下组合岩石成分镜下特征

    a.征10井,6 575 m,T2k,绿泥石包壳及方解石胶结,单偏光;b.征10井,6 575 m,T2k,火山岩屑、少量长石、石英及方解石胶结,正交偏光;c.征10井,6 580 m,T2k,火山岩屑、少量石英和方解石胶结,正交偏光;d.征10井,6 801 m,T1b,火山岩屑及大量方解石胶结,少量长石、石英,正交偏光;e.征10井,6 961 m,T1b,浊沸石胶结及石英次生加大,单偏光;f.沙15井,5 793 m,T1b,火山岩屑及少量硅质胶结,单偏光;g.征10井,7 272 m,P3w,火山岩屑及浊沸石强胶结,正交偏光;h.征10井,7 418 m,P3w,方解石及硅质胶结,正交偏光、茜素红染色;i.沙15井,6 147.8 m,P3w,大量火山岩屑及浊沸石胶结,长英质含量较低,正交偏光。

    Figure  4.  Microscopic characteristics of rock composition of the lower play in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  5  准噶尔盆地腹部沙15—征10井下组合储层孔隙度及渗透率纵向分布

    Figure  5.  Vertical distribution characteristics of porosity and permeability of the lower play of wells Sha 15 to Zheng 10 in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  6  准噶尔盆地腹部下组合不同层位孔隙度分布

    Figure  6.  Porosity distribution in different layers of the lower play in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  7  准噶尔盆地腹部下组合储层孔隙类型镜下特征

    a.征10井,6 711 m,T2k,原生孔发育,少量长石及火山岩屑溶蚀孔,颗粒间点—线接触,压实程度较弱,单偏光;b.征10井,6 721 m,T2k,原生粒间孔及火山岩屑溶蚀孔,局部见火山岩屑内长石强烈溶蚀,原生孔内少量硅质胶结及绿泥石包壳环绕颗粒,单偏光;c.征10井,6 796 m,T2k,原生粒间孔发育,颗粒边缘发育绿泥石包壳,少量方解石及硅质胶结,未见明显溶蚀,单偏光;d.征10井,6 961 m,T1b,浊沸石溶蚀孔发育,溶蚀孔内见沥青质残留,单偏光;e.征10井,7 059.5 m,T1b,溶蚀孔及网状缝发育,溶蚀物质主要为浊沸石及基性火山岩屑,单偏光;f.征10井,7 059.5 m,T1b,浊沸石沿解理缝强烈溶蚀,少量方解石胶结单偏光;g.征10井,7 272 m,P3w,溶蚀孔及微裂缝,溶蚀物质主要为火山岩屑及浊沸石胶结物,单偏光;h.沙15井,6 196 m,P3w,火山岩屑溶蚀孔发育,浊沸石胶结物弱溶蚀,单偏光;i.沙15井,6 294 m,P3w,长石及火山岩屑溶蚀孔,粒间胶结物未见明显溶蚀,单偏光。

    Figure  7.  Microscopic characteristics of reservoir pore types of the lower play in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  8  孔隙演化定量计算流程

    Figure  8.  Quantitative calculation process of pore evolution

    图  9  准噶尔盆地腹部下组合孔隙度—面孔率拟合曲线

    Figure  9.  Fitting curve between porosity and surface porosity of the lower play in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  10  准噶尔盆地腹部征10井不同层位成岩作用与孔隙演化

    Figure  10.  Diagenesis and pore evolution in different layers of well Zheng 10 in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    图  11  准噶尔盆地腹部征10井克拉玛依组埋藏—成岩—孔隙演化综合图

    Figure  11.  Comprehensive diagram of burial, diagenesis and pore evolution of the Kelamayi Formation of well Zheng 10 in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    表  1  准噶尔盆地腹部征10井不同层位孔隙演化参数恢复结果

    Table  1.   Restoration results of pore evolution parameters in different layers of well Zheng 10 in the hinterland of the Junggar Basin

    层位 分选系数 原始孔隙度/% 胶结物面孔率/% 胶结孔隙度/% 溶蚀面孔率/% 溶蚀孔隙度/% 现今孔隙度/% 压实减孔量/%
    克拉玛依组 1.48 36.42 0.72 2.88 0.33 1.40 13.18 21.08
    百口泉组 1.22 39.68 2.03 7.43 1.70 6.32 7.95 26.60
    上乌尔禾组 1.18 40.36 3.12 11.00 1.09 4.21 4.85 26.43
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-04-17
  • 修回日期:  2023-06-25
  • 刊出日期:  2023-07-28

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