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准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系烃源岩生烃演化特征及其石油地质意义

王圣柱 梅文科 熊峥嵘 白仲才 熊伟 于洪洲 鲍军

王圣柱, 梅文科, 熊峥嵘, 白仲才, 熊伟, 于洪洲, 鲍军. 准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系烃源岩生烃演化特征及其石油地质意义[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(4): 667-680. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304667
引用本文: 王圣柱, 梅文科, 熊峥嵘, 白仲才, 熊伟, 于洪洲, 鲍军. 准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系烃源岩生烃演化特征及其石油地质意义[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(4): 667-680. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304667
WANG Shengzhu, MEI Wenke, XIONG Zhengrong, BAI Zhongcai, XIONG Wei, YU Hongzhou, BAO Jun. Hydrocarbon generation and evolution characteristics of Carboniferous source rocks on the northeastern margin of the Junggar Basin and its petroleum geological significance[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(4): 667-680. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304667
Citation: WANG Shengzhu, MEI Wenke, XIONG Zhengrong, BAI Zhongcai, XIONG Wei, YU Hongzhou, BAO Jun. Hydrocarbon generation and evolution characteristics of Carboniferous source rocks on the northeastern margin of the Junggar Basin and its petroleum geological significance[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(4): 667-680. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304667

准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系烃源岩生烃演化特征及其石油地质意义

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202304667
基金项目: 

中国石化科技部项目“准噶尔盆地石炭—二叠系潜力评价与目标优选” P21077-1

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王圣柱(1979—),男,博士,研究员,从事有机地球化学及油气成藏研究。E-mail:284791277@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: TE122.1

Hydrocarbon generation and evolution characteristics of Carboniferous source rocks on the northeastern margin of the Junggar Basin and its petroleum geological significance

  • 摘要: 准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭纪沟弧盆环境发育多种类型的烃源岩,为落实主力烃源岩高效供烃区,指导该区油气勘探,基于钻井、露头烃源岩样品有机地球化学及生烃热模拟实验等测试数据,地质—地化相结合,对不同类型烃源岩生烃机制、生烃潜力、生烃演化过程及供烃特征进行了研究。研究区石炭系主要发育泥岩、凝灰质泥岩和碳质泥岩3种类型的烃源岩;不同类型的烃源岩生烃母质构成、生烃活化能分布不同,其生烃潜力及生烃演化模式存在明显差异,即泥岩相对低成熟演化阶段快速生烃,凝灰质泥岩持续缓慢生烃,碳质泥岩相对高成熟演化阶段快速生烃;后期构造改造、沉积充填及地温场演化联合控制了烃源岩生烃热演化过程及供烃特征。依据烃源岩生烃与油气散失时空耦合,划分出高效生烃—低散失—高效供烃、高效生烃—较高散失—较高效供烃、较高效生烃—低散失—较高效供烃、较高效生烃—高散失—低效供烃、低效生烃—高散失—低效供烃和低效生烃—低散失—低效供烃6种供烃模式。石北、滴水泉等凹陷属较高效生烃—低散失—较高效供烃单元,具备形成大中型油气田的物质基础,为最有利的勘探区。

     

  • 图  1  准噶尔盆地构造单元划分

    Ⅰ.西部隆起带:Ⅰ1.哈山构造带,Ⅰ2.克百断裂带,Ⅰ3.车排子凸起,Ⅰ4.四棵树凹陷;Ⅱ.乌伦古坳陷:Ⅱ1.索索泉凹陷,Ⅱ2.红岩断阶带;Ⅲ.陆梁隆起带:Ⅲ1.夏盐凸起,Ⅲ2.滴南凸起,Ⅲ3.滴北凸起,Ⅲ4.三个泉凸起,Ⅲ5.石西凸起,Ⅲ6.石英滩凸起,Ⅲ7.石北凹陷,Ⅲ8.滴水泉凹陷,Ⅲ9.石南凹陷,Ⅲ10.石西凹陷;Ⅳ.中央坳陷:Ⅳ1.玛湖凹陷,Ⅳ2.东道海子凹陷,Ⅳ3.阜康凹陷,Ⅳ4.沙湾凹陷,Ⅳ5.达巴松凸起,Ⅳ6.中拐凸起,Ⅳ7.莫索湾凸起,Ⅳ8.莫北凸起,Ⅳ9.莫南凸起,Ⅳ10.白家海凸起;Ⅴ.东部隆起:Ⅴ1.帐北断褶带,Ⅴ2.黄草湖低凸,Ⅴ3.黑山凸起,Ⅴ4.沙奇凸起,Ⅴ5.古东凸起,Ⅴ6.古西凸起,Ⅴ7.北三台凸起,Ⅴ8.吉木萨尔凹陷,Ⅴ9.五彩湾凹陷,Ⅴ10.石树沟凹陷,Ⅴ11.石钱滩凹陷,Ⅴ12.梧桐窝子凹陷,Ⅴ13.古城凹陷,Ⅴ14.木垒凹陷;Ⅵ.准南冲断褶皱带:Ⅵ1.伊山构造带,Ⅵ2.博山构造带,Ⅵ3.三葛庄凸起,Ⅵ4.柴北构造带,Ⅵ5.永丰凹陷,Ⅵ6.达坂城凹陷。

    Figure  1.  Tectonic unit division of Junggar Basin

    图  2  准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系典型烃源岩生物标志化合物谱图

    Figure  2.  Biomarkers of typical Carboniferous source rocks on the northeastern margin of the Junggar Basin

    图  3  准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系烃源岩生烃活化能直方图

    Figure  3.  Histogram of hydrocarbon generation activation energy of Carboniferous source rocks on the northeastern margin of the Junggar Basin

    图  4  准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系烃源岩热模拟液态烃产率

    Figure  4.  Liquid hydrocarbon yield of Carboniferous source rock on the northeastern margin of Junggar Basin

    图  5  准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系烃源岩气态产烃率

    Figure  5.  Gas hydrocarbon yield of Carboniferous source rock on the northeastern margin of Junggar Basin

    图  6  准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系烃源岩热模拟产烃率

    Figure  6.  Total hydrocarbon yield of Carboniferous source rocks on the northeastern margin of Junggar Basin

    图  7  准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系烃源岩埋藏生烃史

    Figure  7.  Burial and hydrocarbon generation histories of Carboniferous source rocks on the northeastern margin of the Junggar Basin

    图  8  准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系不同类型烃源岩供烃模式地质时期相对供烃能力演化过程示意

    Figure  8.  Schematic diagram of evolution process of relative hydrocarbon supply ability of different types of Carboniferous source rocks on the northeastern margin of the Junggar Basin during geological period

    图  9  准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系烃源岩供烃单元划分

    Figure  9.  Division of hydrocarbon supply units of Carboniferous source rocks on the northeastern margin of the Junggar Basin

    表  1  准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系不同环境烃源岩地化特征参数

    Table  1.   Geochemical characteristic parameters of source rocks in different Carboniferous environments on the northeastern margin of the Junggar Basin

    表  2  准噶尔盆地东北缘石炭系模拟实验烃源岩样品基本地化特征参数

    Table  2.   Basic geochemical characteristic parameters of experimental samples of Carboniferous source rocks on the northeastern margin of the Junggar Basin

    钻井/剖面 井段/m 层位 岩性 ω(TOC)/% S1/(mg/g) S2/(mg/g) IH/(mg/g) 干酪根类型 Ro/%
    乌参1井 5 666~5 696 C1j 深灰色泥岩 1.22 0.68 5.16 423 1 1.56
    准北6井 4 064~4 075 C1j 深灰色凝灰质泥岩 3.08 0.46 4.49 146 Ⅲ型 0.81
    准北6井 4 590~4 600 C1j 深灰色凝灰质泥岩 1.99 0.28 2.89 145 Ⅲ型 0.91
    准北3井 4 482~4 491 C2b 灰黑色碳质泥岩 12.86 2.06 16.97 132 Ⅲ型 0.87
    滴北1井 2 893 C1j 深灰色凝灰质泥岩 0.68 0.02 0.54 79.4 Ⅲ型 0.57
    滴水泉剖面 C1j 深灰色凝灰质泥岩 1.67 0.33 1.54 92.2 Ⅲ型 0.81
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-10
  • 修回日期:  2023-06-11
  • 刊出日期:  2023-07-28

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