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走滑断裂演化程度的表征参数研究

邓铭哲 蔡芃睿 陆建林 邓棚

邓铭哲, 蔡芃睿, 陆建林, 邓棚. 走滑断裂演化程度的表征参数研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(5): 1007-1015. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023051007
引用本文: 邓铭哲, 蔡芃睿, 陆建林, 邓棚. 走滑断裂演化程度的表征参数研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(5): 1007-1015. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023051007
DENG Mingzhe, CAI Pengrui, LU Jianlin, DENG Peng. Characterization parameters of the evolution degree of strike-slip faults[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(5): 1007-1015. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023051007
Citation: DENG Mingzhe, CAI Pengrui, LU Jianlin, DENG Peng. Characterization parameters of the evolution degree of strike-slip faults[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(5): 1007-1015. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023051007

走滑断裂演化程度的表征参数研究

doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023051007
基金项目: 

中国石化科技部项目“巴楚—麦盖提地区构造演化及断裂成因机制” P22125

详细信息
    作者简介:

    邓铭哲(1990-), 男, 博士, 助理研究员, 本刊青年编委, 从事含油气盆地分析。E-mail: dengmz.syky@sinopec.com

  • 中图分类号: TE121.2

Characterization parameters of the evolution degree of strike-slip faults

  • 摘要: 走滑断裂及其相关构造具有巨大的油气勘探价值,准确认识走滑断裂的演化程度关乎走滑构造带油气勘探的效果。前人的研究已经对走滑构造的生长演化过程有了定性认识,但仍缺乏客观定量确定走滑断裂带演化程度的依据,其核心问题是缺少能够表征走滑断裂演化程度的参数。为解决此问题,基于自身开展的里德尔剪切构造物理模拟实验,采集平面图像,进行了走滑断裂带内断裂几何学参数的统计分析。通过分析断裂带演化过程中平面结构阶段性变化与几何学统计参数变化的对应关系,揭示了断裂演化过程中几何学参数的变化规律,提出了将同一条断裂带内相邻断裂间夹角数据的标准差作为走滑构造演化程度表征参数的新认识。走滑断裂带演化程度与断裂带内相邻断裂夹角数据标准差具有明显相关关系,不同演化程度中的平面构造样式与断裂带内相邻断裂夹角数据的标准差值分布区间相对应;依据断裂平面组合样式,走滑断裂演化阶段可以划分为剪切单向破裂阶段、剪切雁列破裂阶段、剪切连通破裂阶段,分别对应断裂带内相邻断裂夹角数据标准差值(S)范围为1<S<4、4≤S<8、S≥8;针对实际的走滑断裂带,通过统计断裂带内相邻断裂夹角数据的标准差能够分析出走滑断裂的演化程度。

     

  • 图  1  走滑构造物理模拟实验平台设置

    a.正视图;b.侧视图;c.俯视图;d.实验材料铺设厚度照片

    Figure  1.  Platform settings of physical simulation experiments of strike-slip faults

    图  2  不同性质实验材料的变形状态对比

    位置见图 1
    a.含水量约10%时砂体走滑破碎形态;b.干燥砂体走滑破碎形态;c.含水量约5%时砂体走滑破碎形态。

    Figure  2.  Comparison of deformation states of experimental materials of different properties

    图  3  物理模拟实验过程中的部分视频截图及局部放大

    Figure  3.  Partial video screenshots and partial enlarged detail obtained in physical simulation experiments

    图  4  标准差与走滑活动位移量及实验平面照片的对应关系

    Figure  4.  Correspondence between standard deviation and displacement of sliding activity and the experimental plane photograph

    图  5  NAYLOR等[17](a)和TCHALENKO[18](b)的构造物理模拟实验平面图像

    Figure  5.  Plane images obtained in the physical simulation experiments conducted by NAYLOR et al. (a) and TCHALENKO (b)

    图  6  相邻断裂夹角数据标准差与位移量变化对应关系

    统计数据见表 2表 3

    Figure  6.  Correspondence between standard deviation of the angle data between adjacent faults and displacement change

    图  7  顺北5号断裂与顺南2号断裂平面结构分析

    统计数据见表 5

    Figure  7.  Plane structures of Shunbei No. 5 and Shunnan No. 2 faults

    表  1  构造物理模拟实验中断裂带内断裂夹角数据统计结果

    Table  1.   Statistical results of angle data between adjacent faults in fault zone obtained in structural physical simulation experiment

    统计项目 运行时间/s
    32 46 56 66 86 116
    相邻断裂夹角/(°) 11.97 12.9 15.97 16.01 23.05 33.66
    15.60 20.73 7.08 6.29 4.08 23.24
    13.68 19.79 6.37 9.02 17.41 10.04
    16.87 11.11 16.73 16.73 26.04 23.10
    7.69 27.57 17.96 23.16 14.89
    17.43 21.22 28.77 28.87 5.02
    12.19 35.70 23.15 23.84
    26.99 28.31 28.54 36.90
    25.10 26.11 42.8 20.51
    7.42 18.61 16.09
    33.80 32.01 6.55
    31.43 9.42 2.41
    3.67 36.89
    31.73 37.83
    34.46 25.21
    28.49
    标准差 1.86 4.74 7.65 10.09 10.45 11.48
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  NAYLOR等[17]开展的构造物理模拟实验中相邻断裂夹角数据统计结果

    Table  2.   Statistical results of angle data between adjacent faults obtained in the physical simulation experiment conducted by NAYLOR et al.

    位移量/ cm 相邻断裂夹角/(°)
    8.9 1.21 0.77 0 1.75 0 2.72 1.94 6.84 6.89 5.46 0.75 1.32 2.49 2.88 0 2.32 3.33 3.79 1.76 11.62 9.28
    13.3 3.08 5.54 14.62 10.27 12.02 3.95 4.65 10.17 14.26 4.84 2.7 8.91 1.75 5.91 5.27 2.11 2.93 4.94 0.68 2.61 11.21
    19.5 0.4 20.51 25.48 13.94 13.99 17.79 15.9 20.83 21.87 18.08 20 20.79 24.87 1.13 1.25 7.53 22.27 18.87 22.23 27.87 12.99
    27.2 10.09 18.77 8.39 18.86 25.73 18.83 24.69 22.9 18.61 16.18 15.97 10.04 16.02 5.69 11.69 10.79 30.34 14.83 21.97 31.44 14.83
    36 9.48 21.08 9.38 20.95 20.4 20.89 7.39 28.06 17.09 27.12 20.69 8.31 22.32 28.01 16.05 8.39 18.75 22.41 23.09 19.02 26.29
    位移量/ cm 相邻断裂夹角/(°) 标准差
    8.9 0.26 0 5.25 0 3.04 4.52 2.93
    13.3 9.29 2.93 0 2.35 0 10.58 17.51 1.4 7.4 8.61 8.42 7.83 10.37 7.78 3.19 13.3 11.72 6.66 5.1 12.64 4.4
    19.5 15.28 26.76 33.86 4.34 9.88 8.39 20.64 24.45 7.65 6.26 7.92 7.12 12.82 2.31 7.96 22.31 14.12 8.34
    27.2 15.92 18.01 25.9 11.59 22.27 21.4 23.71 19.37 13.57 7.87 3.94 5.33 21.67 45.18 27.1 5.43 4.86 8.55
    36 39.08 16.48 20.03 17.74 42.01 14.75 27.06 14 12.18 11.81 24.46 14.85 35.14 27.74 19.75 26.77 10.22 4.39 2.35 6.09 8.87
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  TCHALENKO[18]开展的构造物理模拟实验中相邻断裂夹角数据统计结果

    Table  3.   Statistical results of angle data between adjacent faults obtained in the physical simulation experiment conducted by TCHALENKO

    位移量/cm 相邻断裂夹角/(°)
    2.1 1.14 8.64 15.74 3.65 0 1.83 4.14 1.19 1.69
    2.8 17.88 17.19 13.78 33.57 21.16 6.82 2.19 22.94 7.09 4.77 13.91 13.06
    3.5 16.57 19.93 22.98 1.47 37.77 10.3 35.08 23.46 16.15 23.14 13.94 14.71 20.67 6.19 5.52 18.59
    4.9 22.21 24.78 18.91 3.25 9.25 17.19 0 32.37 10.35 36.21 15.98 26.78 32.04 8.45 9.89 12.33 22.11 25.25 6.29 19.64
    7 3.04 9.62 12.95 16.52 17.61 31.31 23.91 20.74 19.94 11.86 19.75 10.89 37.1 44 33.23 42.58 23.55 22.47 16.18 6.84
    位移量/cm 相邻断裂夹角/(°) 标准差
    2.1 4.73
    2.8 8.47
    3.5 9.47
    4.9 19.94 21.09 31.21 18.64 9.44
    7 21.81 37.13 26.08 21.18 18.34 30.73 30.46 17.2 15.22 17.85 23.53 18.53 23.13 12.97 21.43 23.77 14.18 29.2 9.18
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  走滑断裂演化阶段划分方案及其对应的相邻断裂夹角数据标准差值范围

    Table  4.   Scheme for dividing the evolution stages of strike slip faults and its corresponding standard deviation range of angle data between adjacent faults

    项目 断裂演化阶段
    剪切单向破裂阶段 剪切雁列破裂阶段 剪切连通破裂阶段
    标准差(S)范围 1<S<4 4≤S<8 S≥8
    断裂平面结构 断裂近平行展布,断裂平直 断裂雁列式排列,断裂端点走向弯曲,偏向走滑方向 多条断裂构成连通的主位移带,位移带两侧发育分支断裂
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  实例验证中断裂标准差计算结果

    Table  5.   Calculation results of standard deviation of faults in case study

    断裂名称 相邻断裂夹角/(°) 标准差
    顺北5号 11.75 1.8 2.64 11.83 13.2 25.92 27.45 10.53 9.08 11.59 15.61 5.53 7.39 14.23 19.4 9.56 0 9.8 4.75 8.38 7.91 6.84
    顺南2号 3.79 28.4 18.34 2.05 23.71 1.09 24.85 2.58 9.54 2.09 13.09 7.24 40.9 23.66 48.7 18.76 28.89 28.93 13.68
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-31
  • 修回日期:  2023-09-12
  • 刊出日期:  2023-09-28

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