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塔里木盆地西南地区前寒武纪基底结构及其演化

曹自成 蒋华山 张俊程 耿峰 沙旭光 郝建龙 李通 郭小文 陶泽

曹自成, 蒋华山, 张俊程, 耿峰, 沙旭光, 郝建龙, 李通, 郭小文, 陶泽. 塔里木盆地西南地区前寒武纪基底结构及其演化[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(5): 844-856. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202305844
引用本文: 曹自成, 蒋华山, 张俊程, 耿峰, 沙旭光, 郝建龙, 李通, 郭小文, 陶泽. 塔里木盆地西南地区前寒武纪基底结构及其演化[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(5): 844-856. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202305844
CAO Zicheng, JIANG Huashan, ZHANG Juncheng, GENG Feng, SHA Xuguang, HAO Jianlong, LI Tong, GUO Xiaowen, TAO Ze. Structure and evolution of Precambrian basement in southwestern Tarim Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(5): 844-856. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202305844
Citation: CAO Zicheng, JIANG Huashan, ZHANG Juncheng, GENG Feng, SHA Xuguang, HAO Jianlong, LI Tong, GUO Xiaowen, TAO Ze. Structure and evolution of Precambrian basement in southwestern Tarim Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(5): 844-856. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202305844

塔里木盆地西南地区前寒武纪基底结构及其演化

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202305844
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金联合基金项目 U20B6001

详细信息
    作者简介:

    曹自成(1979-), 男, 博士, 高级工程师, 从事油气勘探工作研究。E-mail: caozc.xbsj@sinopec.com

    通讯作者:

    陶泽(1989-), 男, 博士, 讲师, 从事油气地质和构造地质研究。E-mail: taoze@yangtzeu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TE121.1

Structure and evolution of Precambrian basement in southwestern Tarim Basin

  • 摘要: 随着塔里木盆地西南地区深层油气勘探的深入,其前寒武纪基底结构和演化如何影响前寒武纪地层发育及其分布的相关研究具有重要的意义。目前对塔西南前寒武纪基底结构特征缺乏系统全面的认识,制约着该区超深层油气勘探的进一步推进。基于前人的研究成果,采用地质-地球物理综合研究方法,结合前寒武纪基底测年结果,对塔西南地区前寒武纪基底岩性、年龄、结构和演化进行了分析。塔西南前寒武纪基底结构在巴楚隆起区表现为古生界直接上覆在古元古界变质岩/花岗岩之上,在麦盖提斜坡—西南坳陷表现为典型的三层结构,最底部为古元古代变质岩/花岗岩,上覆为南华纪裂陷—震旦纪坳陷演化过程的沉积建造。塔西南前寒武纪基底演化主要经历了5个阶段,即哥伦比亚大陆裂解期(>1.1 Ga)、塔西南地块与澳大利亚板块聚合期(约1.0 Ga)、南—北塔里木地块聚合期(900~800 Ma)、南华纪裂陷期(760~640 Ma)和震旦纪坳陷期(<635 Ma)。其中,南华纪裂陷期的隆坳结构控制了震旦系—下寒武统的发育。对塔西南地区前寒武纪基底结构和演化的认识,可为该区深层油气勘探提供重要的理论基础,有助于推动超深层油气勘探的进一步发展。

     

  • 图  1  塔里木盆地西南地区构造单元划分、地层柱状图及本文数据分布

    Figure  1.  Structural units and stratigraphic column of southwestern Tarim Basin, and data used in this study

    图  2  塔里木盆地巴楚隆起前寒武纪地层样品显微特征

    Pl为斜长石;Px为辉石;Q为石英;Ol为橄榄石;Kfs为钾长石;Bt为黑云母。

    Figure  2.  Microscopic features of Precambrian basement samples from Bachu uplift, Tarim Basin

    图  3  塔里木盆地西南地区前寒武纪基底样品典型锆石阴极发光图像

    BC1-03等为“井-锆石编号”,红色圆圈为激光剥蚀位置;图片下方数据为测试点的年龄测试结果。

    Figure  3.  Representative CL images of zircon grains of Precambrian basement samples from southwestern Tarim Basin

    图  4  塔里木盆地西南地区前寒武纪基底样品U-Pb锆石谐和年龄(左图)及稀土元素球粒陨石标准化模式(右图)

    Figure  4.  U-Pb concordia diagrams (left) and corresponding chondrite normalized REE patterns of zircons (right) of Precambrian basement samples from southwestern Tarim Basin

    图  5  塔里木盆地西南地区电测深剖面和地震剖面解释(一)

    电测深剖面(a)和对应的地震剖面(b, c)均显示南华纪裂陷及震旦纪坳陷的反射结构特征。T90为寒武系底界面;T74为中下奥陶统顶面反射;Nh为南华系。

    Figure  5.  Interpreted Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) and seismic profiles (Ⅰ) of southwestern Tarim Basin

    图  6  塔里木盆地西南地区电测深剖面和地震剖面解释(二)

    钻井解释MT1井及BC5井分别为花岗岩及片麻岩基底;电测深及地震剖面显示前震旦纪裂陷反射特征,震旦系的分布受到基底结构的控制,表现出坳陷期沉积特征。

    Figure  6.  Interpreted Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) and seismic profiles (Ⅱ) of southwestern Tarim Basin

    图  7  塔里木盆地西南地区中—新元古代构造演化

    AU为澳大利亚板块;ST为南塔里木板块;NT为北塔里木板块;Nh为南华系;Z为震旦系;KSG为阿克苏群。

    Figure  7.  Meso- to Neo-Proterozoic evolution of southwestern Tarim Basin

    图  8  塔里木盆地西南地区BC1井碎屑锆石207Pb/235U年龄频谱

    Figure  8.  207Pb/235U age spectrum of detrital zircons from well BC 1, southwestern Tarim Basin

    图  9  塔里木盆地西南地区南华纪裂谷分布[51]

    Figure  9.  Distribution of Nanhuaian rift system in southwestern Tarim Basin

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-05-04
  • 修回日期:  2023-09-13
  • 刊出日期:  2023-09-28

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