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中国陆相烃源岩氮同位素组成与有机质聚集

曹剑 夏刘文 胡文瑄 STÜEKENEva E 支东明 唐勇 向宝力 何文军

曹剑, 夏刘文, 胡文瑄, STÜEKENEva E, 支东明, 唐勇, 向宝力, 何文军. 中国陆相烃源岩氮同位素组成与有机质聚集[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(5): 912-925. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202305912
引用本文: 曹剑, 夏刘文, 胡文瑄, STÜEKENEva E, 支东明, 唐勇, 向宝力, 何文军. 中国陆相烃源岩氮同位素组成与有机质聚集[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(5): 912-925. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202305912
CAO Jian, XIA Liuwen, HU Wenxuan, STÜEKEN Eva E, ZHI Dongming, TANG Yong, XIANG Baoli, HE Wenjun. Nitrogen isotope compositions and organic matter accumulation in terrestrial hydrocarbon source rocks in China[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(5): 912-925. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202305912
Citation: CAO Jian, XIA Liuwen, HU Wenxuan, STÜEKEN Eva E, ZHI Dongming, TANG Yong, XIANG Baoli, HE Wenjun. Nitrogen isotope compositions and organic matter accumulation in terrestrial hydrocarbon source rocks in China[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(5): 912-925. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202305912

中国陆相烃源岩氮同位素组成与有机质聚集

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202305912
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 42230808

国家自然科学基金 42203055

中国石油科技重大专项 2021DJ0108

详细信息
    作者简介:

    曹剑(1978—), 男, 博士, 教授, 本刊编委, 从事石油地质学和有机地球化学研究。E-mail: jcao@nju.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TE122.1

Nitrogen isotope compositions and organic matter accumulation in terrestrial hydrocarbon source rocks in China

  • 摘要: 氮作为重要的生命元素与有机质聚集之间具有成因联系,但尚未形成系统性、规律性认识。以中国广泛发育的二叠系—古近系陆(湖)相烃源岩为例,对此进行了探讨。结果表明,根据氮同位素(δ15N)组成,结合盐度和蒸发性碱类矿物特征,可将中国陆相烃源岩分为3组:近中性组1(δ15N平均值为4.0‰±1.5‰)、近中性组2(δ15N平均值为7.1‰±1.6‰)和碱性组(δ15N平均值为18.4‰±3.3‰)。在δ15N < 10‰的近中性组中,烃源岩的δ15N与有机质丰度、类型、生烃能力和页岩油潜力呈正相关,原因在于较高的δ15N值指征了生烃母质组成的变化。在δ15N>10‰的碱性组中,有机质类型都较好,页岩油潜力都较高,但烃源岩的δ15N与有机质聚集的响应关系不如中性组,反映有机质聚集受非δ15N其他综合因素的影响与控制。据此建立了基于δ15N划分出的3类湖相烃源岩的有机质聚集模式(< 5‰、5‰~10‰、>10‰)。δ15N具有示踪有机质聚集和烃源岩质量的潜力,以湖相烃源岩为例,低δ15N型(δ15N < 5‰)质量差,中—高δ15N型(δ15N>5‰)质量好。从氮同位素组成和氮循环这一新角度探讨了烃源岩有机质聚集,丰富了氮的生物地球化学与烃源岩地球化学研究。

     

  • 图  1  中国陆相湖盆烃源岩δ15N和有机质聚集特征的相关性

    δ15N数据来自文献[26],鄂尔多斯盆地T3y7数据来自文献[17, 25]。

    Figure  1.  Correlation analysis of δ15N and organic matter accumulation of source rocks in terrestrial lacustrine basins in China

    图  2  δ15N对中国陆相湖盆烃源岩质量的影响

    ω(TOC)、δ13Corgδ15N数据来自文献[26],鄂尔多斯盆地T3y7数据来自文献[17, 25]。

    Figure  2.  Response of δ15N to the quality of hydrocarbon source rocks in terrestrial lacustrine basins in China

    图  3  δ15N、ω(P)/ω(Al)、MoEFω(TOC)、S1+S2δ13CorgIHPG/ω(TOC)和OSI随深度变化特征

    a.南襄盆地泌阳凹陷核桃园组程2井;b.准噶尔盆地玛湖凹陷湖盆中心区风城组(F20、FN7和AK1井的样品深度根据地层数据转换为FN5井的等效深度)。图a和图b中的岩性柱状图分别来自文献[23, 26],ω(TOC)、δ13Corgδ15N数据来自文献[26]。PG/ω(TOC)、OSI的单位为mg/g。

    Figure  3.  Characterization of δ15N, ω(P)/ω(Al), MoEF, ω(TOC), S1+S2, δ13Corg, IH, PG/ω(TOC) and OSI with depth

    图  4  中国典型湖相烃源岩的有机质聚集模式

    a.近中性组1的准噶尔盆地其他组烃源岩(P1j、P2w和P2p),修改自文献[28];b.近中性组2的南襄盆地始新统核桃园组烃源岩,修改自文献[20, 56];c.碱性组的准噶尔盆地二叠系风城组烃源岩,修改自文献[26]。(S1+S2)、IHPG/ω(TOC)、OSI的单位为mg/g。

    Figure  4.  Models of organic matter accumulation in typical lacustrine hydrocarbon source rocks in China

    图  5  海相和湖相环境中的氮循环基本方式

    a.海相和近中性组1和组2湖相环境中的氮循环;b.碱性组湖相环境中的氮循环,修改自文献[15]。ε=δ15N产物δ15N反应物(图中单位为‰)。

    Figure  5.  Pathways of nitrogen cycling in marine and lacustrine environments

    表  1  研究样品清单

    Table  1.   Sample list for this study

    项目 准噶尔盆地 四川盆地中部 鄂尔多斯盆地 松辽盆地 渤海湾盆地东濮凹陷 江汉盆地潜江凹陷 南襄盆地泌阳凹陷 柴达木盆地西部 准噶尔盆地玛湖凹陷 准噶尔盆地吉木萨尔凹陷
    层位 P1j、P2w、P2p J1zd T3y7 K2qn E2-3s E2q E2h3 E2xg P1f P2l
    样品数/个 27 9 9 9 10 9 10 66 5
    δ15N/‰ 1.2~8.8 3.0~5.7 2.5~5.0 3.9~10.8 5.4~8.4 4.7~8.9 6.0~9.8 3.9~8.0 10.1~24.4 10.6~16.8
    氮循环 δ15N平均值为4.0‰±1.5‰,反硝化作用控制 δ15N平均值为7.1‰±1.6‰,反硝化作用控制 δ15N平均值为18.4‰±3.3‰,氨挥发作用控制
    分组 近中性组1 近中性组2 碱性组
    盐度 淡水—微咸水 淡水—微咸水 淡水—微咸水 微咸水—咸水 咸水—盐水 咸水—盐水 微咸水—盐水 微咸水—盐水 咸水—盐水 微咸水—盐水
    氧化还原 氧化—贫氧 贫氧—缺氧 主体缺氧 贫氧—缺氧
    ω(TOC)/% 0.4~2.5 1.2~3.6 3.6~10.1 0.7~3.1 0.3~2.4 1.1~4.4 1.8~4.4 0.4~1.6 0.2~3.1 1.4~7.8
    δ13Corg/‰ -27.6~-20.3 -28.9~-26.5 -30.4~-28.3 -30.2~-25.9 -27.4~-23.4 -27.1~-23.7 -29.1~-25.9 -28.4~-23.1 -30.6~-24.0 -29.5~-25.2
    ω(P)/ω(Al)/10-3 0.7~26.7 3.8~18.2 9.1~57.8 8.3~8.3 12.2~26.8 8.0~29.4 5.8~17.1 0.7~15.0 7.4~14.9
    ω(Ba)/ω(Al)/10-3 1.9~12.2 6.6~9.4 5.4~11.4 10.5~35.1 3.3~22.1 4.0~18.2 6.7~14.3 4.7~60.0 0.8~73.7 5.3~9.4
    MoEF 0.1~60.1 0.8~12.9 3.6~18.1 7.5~59.1 2.8~49.0 5.1~31.2 14.3~47.7 4.1~28.7 0.5~190.9 2.1~12.0
    ω(SiO2)/ω(Al2O3) 1.8~4.9 2.6~3.9 2.6~3.3 2.8~3.5 2.7~3.8 2.7~4.2 3.3~4.9 3.5~23.3 3.9~4.7
    S1+S2 0.06~10.7 4.1~10.3 1.3~11.2 0.3~27.6 4.7~24.2 2.3~20.8 0.5~10.1 0.2~25.3 4.3~23.8
    IH 0.1~501.9 199.8~311.8 120.0~523.7 91.0~595.5 191.4~376.7 79.6~617.1 29.7~540.8 45.7~876.6 40.5~523.3
    PG/ω(TOC) 3.3~543.3 248.9~410.8 182.7~970.5 94.6~648.5 418.9~790.3 126.6~655.4 49.8~635.7 49.8~983.5 54.3~796.1
    OSI 0.5~473.2 25.1~121.5 62.8~446.8 3.2~116.7 121.1~561.8 29.0~211.7 20.1~188.2 13.8~272.8 4.1~723.6
    注:δ15N、ω(TOC)、δ13Corg、盐度和氧化还原状态来自文献[26];鄂尔多斯盆地T3y7数据来自文献[17, 25];PG=(S1+S2)、IHPG/ω(TOC)和OSI=S1/ω(TOC)的单位为mg/g。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  中国3类陆相湖盆烃源岩有机质聚集特征

    Table  2.   Characteristics of organic matter accumulation in three types of hydrocarbon source rocks in terrestrial lacustrine basins in China

    烃源岩类型 δ15N/‰ 层位 氧化还原状态 盐度 有机质聚集特征
    δ15N型,近中性组1 主体 < 5,均值4.0±1.5 准噶尔盆地其他组、T3y7、J1zd 氧化—贫氧 淡水—微咸水 初级生产力较低、有机质保存条件较差;生烃潜量低、有机质类型差、生烃能力较低、页岩油潜力低
    δ15N型,近中性组2 5~10,均值7.1±1.6 K2qn、E2-3s、E2q、E2h、E2xg 氧化—缺氧 微咸水—盐水 初级生产力较高、有机质保存条件较好;生烃潜量高、有机质类型较好、生烃能力较高、页岩油潜力较高
    δ15N型,碱性组 >10,均值18.4±3.3 P1f、P2l 贫氧—缺氧 微咸水—盐水 初级生产力变化大、有机保存条件较好;有机质丰度变化大、有机质类型好、生烃能力变化大、页岩油潜力大
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-26
  • 修回日期:  2023-08-06
  • 刊出日期:  2023-09-28

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