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中国海相页岩气资源潜力及未来勘探方向

李敏 刘雅利 冯动军 申宝剑 杜伟 王鹏威

李敏, 刘雅利, 冯动军, 申宝剑, 杜伟, 王鹏威. 中国海相页岩气资源潜力及未来勘探方向[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(6): 1097-1108. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061097
引用本文: 李敏, 刘雅利, 冯动军, 申宝剑, 杜伟, 王鹏威. 中国海相页岩气资源潜力及未来勘探方向[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(6): 1097-1108. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061097
LI Min, LIU Yali, FENG Dongjun, SHEN Baojian, DU Wei, WANG Pengwei. Potential and future exploration direction of marine shale gas resources in China[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(6): 1097-1108. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061097
Citation: LI Min, LIU Yali, FENG Dongjun, SHEN Baojian, DU Wei, WANG Pengwei. Potential and future exploration direction of marine shale gas resources in China[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(6): 1097-1108. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061097

中国海相页岩气资源潜力及未来勘探方向

doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061097
基金项目: 

中国石化科技攻关项目 P22137

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李敏(1994—),女,博士,从事非常规油气地质研究。E-mail: limin2023.syky@sinopec.com

    通讯作者:

    王鹏威(1986—),男,博士,副研究员,从事非常规油气地质研究。E-mail: wangpw.syky@sinopec.com

  • 中图分类号: TE132.2

Potential and future exploration direction of marine shale gas resources in China

  • 摘要: 以中国南方上奥陶统五峰组—下志留统龙马溪组页岩气为代表的海相页岩气是国内页岩气勘探开发的主战场。近年来,海相页岩气勘探开发不断面临着新的问题和挑战,开拓页岩气资源新领域和提高页岩气产量仍是重中之重。在梳理前人研究成果的基础上,分析总结国内海相层系页岩气分布特征与资源潜力,并进行有利区预测。四川盆地及其周缘五峰组—龙马溪组页岩气地质资源量和可采资源量分别为(17.50~33.19)×1012 m3和(3.50~6.14)×1012 m3,其中深层页岩气资源占比超过50%,主要分布在川东高陡构造带和川南低陡构造带;二叠系吴家坪组页岩气地质资源量和可采资源量分别为(8.7~24.6)×1012 m3和(1.3~3.7)×1012 m3,在川东开江—梁平、龙驹坝、建南及三星等地区具有勘探潜力;寒武系筇竹寺组页岩气地质资源量和可采资源量分别为(5.69~12.71)×1012 m3和(0.89~1.06)×1012 m3,其有利区主要分布在川西南井研—犍为—威远—资阳、川北南江及中扬子宜昌等地区;震旦系陡山沱组、蓟县系洪水庄组和青白口系下马岭组等海相古老层系具有一定的页岩气资源潜力,是潜在的页岩气资源接续,陡山沱组页岩气有利区主要分布在湘鄂西和渝东南地区,洪水庄组页岩气有利区主要分布在河北承德—宽城一带,下马岭组页岩气有利区主要分布在河北涿州—北京房山—门头沟—昌平一带和兰旗营子一带。基于此,进一步对海相页岩气未来勘探方向提出3点建议:一是聚焦深层—超深层、常压页岩气,走向新区新层系,拓宽页岩气勘探领域;二是深化深层—超深层、完善常压及丰富新区新层系页岩气勘探理论;三是着眼深层—超深层页岩气钻完井和开采技术与配套装备改进与创新,降低常压页岩气单井钻采成本。

     

  • 图  1  全球主要含气页岩分布、地球化学及含气量特征[4]

    Figure  1.  Distribution, geochemistry, and gas content characteristics of major gas-bearing shale in the world

    图  2  四川盆地二叠系龙潭组/吴家坪组沉积相与吴家坪组页岩气有利区[20, 22]

    Figure  2.  Sedimentary facies and favorable areas for shale gas of Permian Longtan or Wujiaping formations in Sichuan Basin

    图  3  扬子地区志留系龙马溪组页岩地质特征及页岩气有利区预测

    据参考文献[10, 39-40]修改。

    Figure  3.  Geological characteristics and prediction of favorable areas for shale gas of Silurian Longmaxi Formation shale in Yangtze region

    图  4  扬子地区寒武系筇竹寺组页岩地质特征及页岩气有利区预测

    据参考文献[39, 44]修改。

    Figure  4.  Geological characteristics and prediction of favorable areas for shale gas of Cambrian Qiongzhusi Formation shale in Yangtze region

    图  5  燕山地区上元古界下马岭组页岩地质特征及页岩气有利区预测

    据参考文献[52]修改。

    Figure  5.  Geological characteristics and prediction of favorable areas for shale gas of Upper Proterozoic Xiamaling Formation shale in Yanshan area

    图  6  燕山地区中元古界洪水庄组页岩地质特征及有利区预测

    据参考文献[52]修改。

    Figure  6.  Geological characteristics and prediction of favorable areas for shale gas of Middle Proterozoic Hongshuizhuang Formation shale in Yanshan area

    表  1  国内主要海相层系页岩气资源潜力

    Table  1.   Potential of shale gas resources in major marine formations in China

    页岩气层系 评价区域 评价年份 地质资源量/(1012 m3) 可采资源量/(1012 m3) 参考文献
    二叠系龙潭组/吴家坪组 四川盆地 2021 8.7 1.3 文献[21]
    四川盆地 2022 24.6 3.7 文献[22]
    奥陶系五峰组—志留系龙马溪组 四川盆地 2015 17.5 3.5 文献[29]
    四川盆地 2017 26.90 5.51 文献[36]
    川南地区(深层) 2017 8.5 文献[33]
    四川盆地及其周缘 2017—2020 33.19 文献[35]
    四川盆地(深层) 2021 25.69 4.78 文献[25]
    川南地区(深层) 2021 25.62 6.14 文献[34]
    寒武系筇竹寺组 四川盆地 2012 10.83 0.91 文献[37]
    中上扬子地区 2012 12.71 文献[38]
    四川盆地 2015 8.86 0.886 文献[29]
    四川盆地(深度<4 500 m) 2017 5.69 1.06 文献[36]
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-08-31
  • 修回日期:  2023-10-25
  • 刊出日期:  2023-11-28

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