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高陡复杂构造带深层页岩气保存条件差异性分析——以川东南綦江高陡复杂构造带为例

张旭亮 刘珠江 陈超 苏克露 张煜颖 陈斐然 张迪

张旭亮, 刘珠江, 陈超, 苏克露, 张煜颖, 陈斐然, 张迪. 高陡复杂构造带深层页岩气保存条件差异性分析——以川东南綦江高陡复杂构造带为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(6): 1121-1131. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061121
引用本文: 张旭亮, 刘珠江, 陈超, 苏克露, 张煜颖, 陈斐然, 张迪. 高陡复杂构造带深层页岩气保存条件差异性分析——以川东南綦江高陡复杂构造带为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(6): 1121-1131. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061121
ZHANG Xuliang, LIU Zhujiang, CHEN Chao, SU Kelu, ZHANG Yuying, CHEN Feiran, ZHANG Di. Differences in preservation conditions of deep shale gas in high-steep complex tectonic belt: taking Qijiang high-steep complex tectonic belt in southeast Sichuan as an example[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(6): 1121-1131. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061121
Citation: ZHANG Xuliang, LIU Zhujiang, CHEN Chao, SU Kelu, ZHANG Yuying, CHEN Feiran, ZHANG Di. Differences in preservation conditions of deep shale gas in high-steep complex tectonic belt: taking Qijiang high-steep complex tectonic belt in southeast Sichuan as an example[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(6): 1121-1131. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061121

高陡复杂构造带深层页岩气保存条件差异性分析——以川东南綦江高陡复杂构造带为例

doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061121
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金企业创新发展联合基金 U19B6003-03-03

中国石化科技部项目 P23070

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张旭亮(1991—),男,工程师,从事非常规油气构造研究。E-mail: zhangxuliang91@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TE122.3

Differences in preservation conditions of deep shale gas in high-steep complex tectonic belt: taking Qijiang high-steep complex tectonic belt in southeast Sichuan as an example

  • 摘要: 川东南地区是中国页岩气勘探的重点目标之一,现阶段的勘探领域正逐步迈入深层、超深层,但由于受钻井与地震等多种因素的制约,对该地区的构造特征及页岩气保存条件的研究还不够深入。为了查明川东南地区綦江高陡复杂构造带构造变形特征及其对深层页岩气富集规律的影响,为后续勘探部署提供依据,选取典型三维地震剖面,从构造变形特征剖析入手,结合实钻数据分析,建立高陡构造模型,在此基础上开展保存条件差异的主控因素定量评价。结果表明,綦江高陡构造具备“上陡下缓+膏岩主控+前锋变陡”的分层变形特征;綦江地区发育一套大范围的寒武系膏盐层,其塑性形变对上覆构造的隆起起到控制作用;区内影响页岩气保存条件的因素包含主动变形强度、断裂体系、断面正应力、构造与地应力夹角、顶板滑脱层等,各因素相互作用,导致研究区内部保存条件差异明显。据此,建立了綦江高陡构造保存条件评价标准,明确隆盛—桃子荡构造带构造应力单一,主动变形强度低,构造封闭性强,是下一步勘探的主要有利目标。

     

  • 图  1  川东南地区构造单元划分及綦江高陡构造典型地震剖面

    a.川东南地区构造隆升迁移变化;b.川东南地区构造分区;c.綦江高陡构造典型地震剖面。
    Ⅰ.义和—平桥断褶带;Ⅱ.綦江高陡断褶带;Ⅲ.泸州—赤水低缓褶皱带;Ⅳ.永川帚状断褶带;Ⅱ1.石龙峡构造带;Ⅱ2.中梁山构造带;Ⅱ3.铁厂沟构造带;Ⅱ4.石油沟构造带;Ⅱ5.隆盛构造带;Ⅱ6.桃子荡构造带。

    Figure  1.  Tectonic unit division of southeast Sichuan and typical seismic profile of Qijiang high-steep structure

    图  2  川东南綦江地区石龙峡高陡构造几何学模型建立流程示意

    Figure  2.  Process for establishing the geometric model of Shilongxia high-steep structure in Qijiang area in southeast Sichuan

    图  3  川东南綦江地区膏岩层厚度与志留系隆升幅度统计

    Figure  3.  Gypsolyte thickness and Silurian stratum uplift amplitude in Qijiang area in southeast Sichuan

    图  4  川东南綦江地区石油沟高陡构造膏岩主控上覆构造变形模型示意

    T.整体隆升幅度,m;D.标志层的变形,m;G1.膏岩纵向变形,m;Δu.主动变形量,m;U.膏岩层顶界以上地层的变形,m;h1.膏岩层底界深度与未变形前的标志层深度的差值,m;h2.未变形前的标志层深度与膏岩层最高点切线的深度的差值,m。

    Figure  4.  Deformation model of overlying structure dominated by gypsolyte in Qijiang high-steep tectonic belt in southeast Sichuan

    图  5  川东南地区过HC1井地震剖面与岩心资料

    Figure  5.  Seismic profile and core data of well HC1 in southeast Sichuan

    图  6  川东南地区过SY1井地震剖面与FMI成像测井

    Figure  6.  Seismic profile and imaging logging of well SY1 in southeast Sichuan

    图  7  鄂西—渝东地区构造物理模拟实验局部放大示意

    Figure  7.  Partially enlarged diagram of physical simulation experiment of structures in west Hubei and east Chongqing

    图  8  川东南綦江高陡构造主动变形强度平面分布

    Figure  8.  Planar distribution of active deformation intensity of high-steep structures in Qijiang in southeast Sichuan

    图  9  川东南綦江地区上奥陶统五峰组底界断裂分布

    Figure  9.  Distribution of bottom boundary faults of Upper Ordovician Wufeng Formation in Qijiang area in southeast Sichuan

    图  10  川东南綦江地区高陡构造志留系断裂正应力平面分布

    Figure  10.  Normal stress plane distribution of Silurian faults in Qijiang high-steep structure in southeast Sichuan

    图  11  川东南地区高陡构造倾角与地应力方向叠合

    Figure  11.  Superimposed diagram of dip and geostress direction of high-steep structures in southeast Sichuan

    图  12  川东南地区XY1井ADS法定量解译剖面

    Figure  12.  Quantitative interpretation profile of well XY1 in southeast Sichuan by ADS method

    表  1  川东南綦江高陡构造带膏岩与上覆构造隆升幅度统计

    Table  1.   Uplift amplitude of gypsolyte and overlying structure in Qijiang high-steep tectonic belt in southeast Sichuan

    石龙峡 中梁山 铁厂沟 石油沟 隆盛 桃子荡
    膏盐层变形幅度/ms 290 265 270 310 390 400
    上覆构造隆升幅度/ms 530 650 510 630 645 680
    总变形幅度/ms 820 915 780 940 1 035 1 280
    变化趋势
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  川东南地区主控顶板滑脱层对页岩气目的层保存条件影响能力统计

    Table  2.   Statistics of influence of main roof detachment layer on preservation conditions of shale gas target stratum in southeast Sichuan

    XY1 SY1 FB1 HC1
    断层滑移量/km 1.32 1.02 1.12 1.22
    距目的层垂直距离/km 0.305 0.192 0.215 0.209
    含气量/(m3/t) 6.17 1.88 1.04 0.84
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  川东南綦江高陡构造埋深5 km以浅有利目标评价

    Table  3.   Evaluation of favorable targets of Qijiang high-steep structure with buried depth less than 5 km, southeast Sichuan

    构造名称 构造变形强度 构造封闭性 滑脱层距目
    的层距离/km
    有利面积/km2 资源量/108 m3 优选排队
    主要断裂体系 主动变形强度/km 断面正应力/MPa 构造与地应力
    夹角/(°)
    桃子荡 走滑断裂、逆冲断裂 0.03 125.0 75.0 0.35 52.2 443.7 1 370.2 一类
    隆盛 逆冲断裂、转换断裂 0.11 120.0 80.0 0.30 109.0 926.5
    石油沟 逆冲断裂、转换断裂 0.17 108.0 78.0 0.26 80.0 680.0 725.0 二类
    铁厂沟 逆冲断裂、转换断裂 0.20 92.0 25.0 0.25 5.3 45.0
    中梁山 先存基底断裂、走滑断裂、转换断裂 0.26 80.0 10.0 0.21 18.3 155.6 399.6 三类
    石龙峡 先存基底断裂、走滑断裂、转换断裂 0.24 75.0 5.0 0.19 28.7 244.0
    合计 293.5 2 494.8
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-08
  • 修回日期:  2023-10-07
  • 刊出日期:  2023-11-28

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