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渝东南南川地区五峰组—龙马溪组页岩气层地应力数值模拟及有利区预测

刘明 杨瑞青 杨风丽 刘昊娟 张志萍 王玮 户盼盼

刘明, 杨瑞青, 杨风丽, 刘昊娟, 张志萍, 王玮, 户盼盼. 渝东南南川地区五峰组—龙马溪组页岩气层地应力数值模拟及有利区预测[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(6): 1178-1188. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061178
引用本文: 刘明, 杨瑞青, 杨风丽, 刘昊娟, 张志萍, 王玮, 户盼盼. 渝东南南川地区五峰组—龙马溪组页岩气层地应力数值模拟及有利区预测[J]. 石油实验地质, 2023, 45(6): 1178-1188. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061178
LIU Ming, YANG Ruiqing, YANG Fengli, LIU Haojuan, ZHANG Zhiping, WANG Wei, HU Panpan. Numerical modeling of in-situ stress and prediction of favorable area of shale gas layer in Wufeng to Longmaxi formations, Nanchuan region, southeastern Chongqing[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(6): 1178-1188. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061178
Citation: LIU Ming, YANG Ruiqing, YANG Fengli, LIU Haojuan, ZHANG Zhiping, WANG Wei, HU Panpan. Numerical modeling of in-situ stress and prediction of favorable area of shale gas layer in Wufeng to Longmaxi formations, Nanchuan region, southeastern Chongqing[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2023, 45(6): 1178-1188. doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061178

渝东南南川地区五峰组—龙马溪组页岩气层地应力数值模拟及有利区预测

doi: 10.11781/sysydz2023061178
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金重大研究计划重点项目 92158207

中国石化华东油气分公司科研项目 34600020-22-ZC0607-0001

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘明(1982—),男,高级工程师,从事油气勘探研究。E-mail: lium.hdsj@sinopec.com

    通讯作者:

    杨瑞青(1993—),女,博士研究生,从事盆地分析与石油地质研究。E-mail: 2010875@tongji.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TE122

Numerical modeling of in-situ stress and prediction of favorable area of shale gas layer in Wufeng to Longmaxi formations, Nanchuan region, southeastern Chongqing

  • 摘要: 南川地区上奥陶统五峰组—下志留统龙马溪组作为重要的页岩气产能层,具有页岩层厚度大,埋藏较深,地应力复杂、方位变化快的特点,地应力场研究对于该区页岩气的有效开发具有重要作用。为明确研究区地应力场特征及展布,通过采用SHELLS有限元应力场模拟方法,以研究区断裂、地形、热流值、岩石物性参数和边界条件为约束,开展了南川地区五峰—龙马溪组的应力场有限元数值模拟研究。结果表明,南川地区最大水平主应力性质以挤压性质为主,总体上存在NW-SE、NE-SW、近EW和近SN四个主应力方向和区域;应变率整体以压应变为主,存在低应变率(数量级别≤-18)、中应变率(数量级别介于-18~-17.6)和高应变率(数量级别≥-17.6)三类区域及相应的NE-SW、NW-SE、SN和EW展布方向;断裂滑移速率性质总体以逆断层性质为主,速率介于0~0.001 2 mm/a之间。将本次模拟的最大水平主应力方向、块体应变率和断裂滑移速率结果分别与实测的钻井最大主应力方向、黔渝地区应变率性质和数量级别、区域断裂发育等数据进行对比,展现出模拟结果与实测结果较高的数据吻合度,说明了模拟结果的准确性。最后,基于模拟结果揭示出的裂缝开启性、裂缝发育情况的信息,对南川地区裂缝储层有利发育区进行了评价,预测了Ⅰ、Ⅱ两类进一步勘探和开发的页岩气裂缝储层有利发育区块。

     

  • 图  1  南川地区区域构造位置

    Figure  1.  Tectonic location of Nanchuan region

    图  2  南川地区上奥陶统五峰组—下志留统龙马溪组断裂分布

    Figure  2.  Distribution of faults of Upper Ordovician Wufeng-Lower Silurian Longmaxi formations in Nanchuan region

    图  3  南川地区SHELLS应力场模拟边界条件设置

    Figure  3.  Boundary condition setting for SHELLS stress field modeling in Nanchuan region

    图  4  南川地区最大水平主应力方向模拟结果与分区

    Figure  4.  Modeled results and zones of maximum compressive horizontal principal stress direction in Nanchuan region

    图  5  南川地区块体应变率模拟结果与分区

    Figure  5.  Modeled results and zones of strain rates in Nanchuan region

    图  6  南川地区断裂滑移速率模拟结果与分区

    Figure  6.  Modeled results and zones of fault slip rate in Nanchuan region

    图  7  南川地区上奥陶统五峰组—下志留统龙马溪组应力场页岩气有利区预测

    Figure  7.  Predicted favorable targets for shale gas stress field in Upper Ordovician Wufeng-Lower Silurian Longmaxi formations in Nanchuan region

    表  1  南川地区上奥陶统五峰组—下志留统龙马溪组主要断裂特征

    Table  1.   Characteristics of major faults of Upper Ordovician Wufeng-Lower Silurian Longmaxi formations in Nanchuan region

    序号 断裂简称 断裂名称 断裂性质 走向 倾向
    F1 DQF 大千断裂 逆断层 NE/SN SE/E
    F2 QLXF 青龙乡断裂 逆断层 NE SE
    F3 EPQF No.1 平桥东1号断裂 逆断层 NE NW
    F4 EPQF No.2 平桥东2号断裂 逆断层 NE NW
    F5 WPQF 平桥西断裂 逆断层 NE SE
    F6 YJGF 袁家沟断裂 逆断层 NE SE
    F7 LJQF 龙济桥断裂 逆断层 NE SE
    F8 YCGF 阳春沟断裂 逆断层 SN E
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  SHELLS应力场模拟的岩石物性参数

    Table  2.   Petrophysical parameters in SHELLS stress field modeling

    参数 数值
    断裂摩擦系数 0.10
    连续介质摩擦系数 0.85
    Biot有效应力系数 1.00
    主要断裂强度减低系数[18] 0.00
    蠕变位错剪应力系数 2.3×109(地壳),9.5×104(地幔)
    Q/nR/K 4 000(地壳),18 314(地幔)
    最大剪应力 5.0×108(地壳),5.0×108(地幔)
    常数n 3
    上地幔绝热温度/K和温度梯度/(K/m) 1 412,6.1×10-4
    岩石圈最大深度/m 1.2×105
    运动参考点(欧拉极) EU (61.066~85.819)
    底部最大牵引力/N 2.00×107
    俯冲剪切带最大剪应力/(N/m) 2.00×1012
    孔隙水密度/(kg/m3) 1 032
    平均岩石密度/(kg/m3) 2 836(地壳),3 332(地幔)
    软流圈密度/(kg/m3) 3 125
    热膨胀系数 2.4×10-5(地壳),3.94×10-5(地幔)
    热导率/[w/(m·K)] 2.7(地壳),3.0(地幔)
    单位体积热辐射 2.4×10-5(地壳),3.94×10-5(地幔)
    地壳、地幔岩石圈最大温度/K 1 223(地壳),1 673(地幔)
    可接受速度误差/(m/s) 1.00×10-14
    注:据文献[14, 39-41]修改。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  南川地区SHELLS应力场模拟边界条件设置

    Table  3.   Boundary condition setting for SHELLS stress field modeling in Nanchuan region

    边界 序号 方向/(°) 大小/(mm/a)
    西边界 1~16 116 1.73×10-3
    南边界 17~23 75 6.3×10-4
    24~37 自由边界
    东边界 38~49 296 6.3×10-4
    50~54 自由边界
    北边界 55~58 自由边界
    59~63 255 6.3×10-4
    63~74 自由边界
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  南川地区SHELLS应力场模拟结果与钻井实测值对比

    Table  4.   Comparison of modeled results by SHELLS stress field modeling with measured values in drilled wells in Nanchuan region

    钻井 实测值/(°) 模拟值/(°) 差值/(°)
    JY194-3 89 89 0
    JY10-10 135 135 0
    SY1 60 60 0
    JY8 113 111 2
    JY10 115 120 5
    SY3 60 51 9
    SY5 65 75 10
    NY1 55 44 11
    JY11 85 73 12
    JY201-1 105 120 15
    SY13-3 75 57 18
    SY9-1 135 114 21
    SY2 60 95 35
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  南川地区上奥陶统五峰组—下志留统龙马溪组页岩气有利区预测原则

    Table  5.   Principles for prediction of favorable shale gas targets in Upper Ordovician Wufeng-Lower Silurian Longmaxi formations in Nanchuan region

    页岩气裂缝储层有利发育区 评价参数及判断标准
    Ⅰ类区:
    同时满足A和B
    Ⅱ类区:
    二者只满足一项
    A.裂缝开启性有利区 1. 最大主应力方向与旁侧断裂夹角≤45°,或
    2. 与主断层距离大于2 km
    B.裂缝发育有利区 1. 应变率数量级别<-17.6,或
    2. 断裂滑移速率<0.00036 mm/a
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-29
  • 修回日期:  2023-10-07
  • 刊出日期:  2023-11-28

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