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苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井侵入岩岩石学特征及其储集性与含油性研究

夏祥 马晓东 胡文瑄 臧素华

夏祥, 马晓东, 胡文瑄, 臧素华. 苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井侵入岩岩石学特征及其储集性与含油性研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(1): 87-97. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401087
引用本文: 夏祥, 马晓东, 胡文瑄, 臧素华. 苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井侵入岩岩石学特征及其储集性与含油性研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(1): 87-97. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401087
XIA Xiang, MA Xiaodong, HU Wenxuan, ZANG Suhua. Petrological characteristics, reservoir property and oil-bearing potential of intrusive rocks in well Shaduo 1, Qintong Sag, Subei Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(1): 87-97. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401087
Citation: XIA Xiang, MA Xiaodong, HU Wenxuan, ZANG Suhua. Petrological characteristics, reservoir property and oil-bearing potential of intrusive rocks in well Shaduo 1, Qintong Sag, Subei Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(1): 87-97. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401087

苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井侵入岩岩石学特征及其储集性与含油性研究

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401087
基金项目: 

中国石化华东油气分公司横向项目“溱潼凹陷辉绿岩形成期次与储集性研究” 34600000-21-ZC0699-0003

详细信息
    作者简介:

    夏祥(1997-), 男, 硕士生, 从事石油地质研究。E-mail: xiaxiang@smail.nju.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TE122.2

Petrological characteristics, reservoir property and oil-bearing potential of intrusive rocks in well Shaduo 1, Qintong Sag, Subei Basin

  • 摘要: 火成岩油气藏逐渐成为重要的油气藏类型,但火成岩储层非均质性很强,储集性能变化很大,储层成因机制研究非常薄弱,成为制约火成岩储层评价的主要瓶颈。以苏北盆地溱潼凹陷古近系阜宁组二段侵入岩为研究对象,通过系统的岩心观察、薄片鉴定、电子探针分析测试和测井解释等,剖析了溱潼凹陷沙垛1井阜二段侵入岩岩性、岩相特征、储层特征和储层发育主控因素。结果表明:该区侵入岩的岩性纵向变化显著,由多期侵入岩叠加组成,顶部为辉绿岩,中部为辉石二长岩,下部为橄榄辉长岩;孔隙发育程度不均一,辉绿岩和辉石二长岩孔隙发育程度低,而橄榄辉长岩孔隙发育程度较高;由于多期侵入作用的叠加以及热液蚀变的改造,发育了较好的储集空间。孔隙类型主要为溶蚀孔和构造裂缝,还发育收缩裂缝。影响储层物性的主要因素是岩性和热液流体活动,其中橄榄辉长岩中辉石等暗色矿物最易蚀变,溶蚀孔发育程度高;此外,区域性的断裂构造在许多致密的火成岩中产生了大量的构造裂缝,有效沟通了侵入岩储层的孔缝系统,且为后期的溶蚀作用提供了岩浆热液流动的通道。沙垛1井钻遇的侵入岩总体上含油性差,下部侵入岩层中可见零星荧光显示,上部侵入岩层中基本不含油。

     

  • 图  1  苏北盆地和研究区地质构造

    a.苏北盆地构造单元;b.溱潼凹陷阜宁组二段构造单元。据参考文献[35]修改。

    Figure  1.  Geological sketch map of Subei Basin and the research area

    图  2  苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井侵入岩发育情况及采样位置

    Figure  2.  Development and sampling location of intrusive rocks in well Shaduo 1, Qintong Sag, Subei Basin

    图  3  苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井侵入岩不同岩石类型的岩相学特征

    a.辉石二长岩岩心,新鲜呈块状构造,稍蚀变;b.橄榄辉长岩岩心,岩石晶体颗粒变大,非常破碎,蚀变程度较大;c.辉绿岩,辉绿结构,斜长石杂乱排列,斜长石格架中充填辉石,3 548.5 m,正交偏光;d.辉石二长岩,长石含量占主导,长柱状斜长石和短柱状正长石均有分布,并含有辉石,3 551.3 m,正交偏光;e.橄榄辉长岩,辉石与斜长石为主,含有较多橄榄石,裂理发育,3 589.5 m,正交偏光;f.橄榄辉长岩,收缩裂缝边缘多发生绿泥石化,3 587.8 m,单偏光。

    Figure  3.  Petrographic characteristics of different types of intrusive rocks in well Shaduo 1, Qintong Sag, Subei Basin

    图  4  苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井侵入岩中长石An-Ab-Or图解和辉石Wo-En-Fs图解

    Figure  4.  Diagrams of An-Ab-Or of feldspar and Wo-En-Fs of pyroxene in intrusive rocks in well Shaduo 1, Qintong Sag, Subei Basin

    图  5  苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井侵入岩主量元素变化

    Figure  5.  Variation of major elements of intrusive rocks in well Shaduo 1, Qintong Sag, Subei Basin

    图  6  苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井侵入岩储集空间

    a.收缩微缝,呈“树根状”不规则分布,蓝色铸体薄片,单偏光,3 590.3 m;b.收缩微缝,裂缝边缘发生溶蚀,有次生绿泥石形成,蓝色铸体薄片,单偏光,3 592 m;c.溶蚀孔隙,辉石发生溶蚀形成次生孔隙,蓝色铸体薄片,单偏光,3 598 m;d.溶蚀孔洞,辉石矿物绿泥石化(片状矿物),扫描电镜。

    Figure  6.  Reservoir space of intrusive rocks in well Shaduo 1, Qintong Sag, Subei Basin

    图  7  苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井孔隙度分布

    Figure  7.  Porosity distribution of intrusive rocks in well Shaduo 1, Qintong Sag, Subei Basin

    图  8  苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井侵入岩部分测井曲线

    Figure  8.  Logging curves of intrusive rocks in well Shaduo 1, Qintong Sag, Subei Basin

    图  9  苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井侵入岩不同部位荧光显微照片

    a.3 943 m,不含油;b.3 592 m,荧光沿孔喉呈条状分布;c.3 595.8 m,微弱荧光沿孔喉呈条状分布;d.3 598 m,荧光呈团簇状分布。

    Figure  9.  Fluorescence micrographs of intrusive rocks from well Shaduo 1, Qintong Sag, Subei Basin

    表  1  苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井长石矿物电子探针值

    Table  1.   Electron probe values of feldspar minerals in well Shaduo 1, Qintong Sag, Subei Basin %

    样品 TiO2 Na2O FeO K2O MgO MnO CaO Al2O3 SiO2 合计
    SD-6 0.10 4.00 0.90 0.30 1.90 0.10 10.60 27.10 49.43 94.30
    0.09 4.54 0.71 0.20 0.11 0.01 12.73 29.58 52.44 100.40
    0.08 3.74 0.56 0.12 0.14 0.01 14.21 30.98 50.82 100.66
    SD-8 0.10 5.55 0.73 0.31 0.13 0.01 10.39 28.33 55.07 100.61
    0.06 4.80 1.09 0.25 0.15 0.01 11.89 30.07 53.89 102.20
    SD-10 0.00 8.42 0.60 0.60 0.07 0.02 5.20 24.80 62.54 102.24
    0.04 8.05 0.28 0.55 0.01 6.28 25.53 61.50 102.24
    0.03 7.84 0.33 0.64 0.03 6.56 25.17 58.94 99.52
    SD-12 0.05 4.06 1.05 0.16 0.03 0.01 13.50 31.41 52.00 102.27
    0.08 5.95 0.70 0.28 0.11 9.72 27.90 55.90 100.63
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  苏北盆地溱潼凹陷沙垛1井辉石矿物电子探针值

    Table  2.   Electron probe values of pyroxene minerals in well Shaduo 1, Qintong Sag, Subei Basin %

    样品 TiO2 Na2O FeO K2O MgO MnO CaO Al2O3 SiO2 合计
    SD-6 1.13 0.35 11.20 0.01 8.77 3.25 22.13 2.57 48.86 98.25
    2.30 0.41 13.09 0.01 11.38 0.27 20.81 4.72 46.67 99.65
    1.30 0.36 12.41 0.01 12.13 0.27 21.52 3.01 49.81 100.81
    0.20 0.03 37.81 0.01 10.68 0.85 3.00 0.21 49.57 102.37
    2.06 0.46 12.70 0.01 11.77 0.26 20.36 4.02 46.71 98.34
    2.00 0.44 12.87 0.01 11.87 0.27 20.61 4.13 48.44 100.63
    0.08 0.03 39.30 0.03 10.05 0.74 1.92 0.09 49.60 101.84
    0.11 0.03 37.39 0.00 10.14 0.94 2.57 0.10 49.61 100.89
    0.61 0.33 15.19 0.01 11.68 0.35 20.86 1.80 52.13 102.96
    SD-8 1.29 0.36 13.00 0.00 12.87 0.31 19.18 2.54 47.80 97.36
    36.87 0.23 38.41 0.31 3.86 3.29 0.27 2.95 10.41 96.60
    0.07 0.05 38.02 0.02 10.23 0.85 2.79 0.28 48.71 101.02
    SD-10 0.46 0.35 16.93 10.90 0.54 20.59 0.80 51.09 101.64
    0.02 0.44 25.99 0.39 9.21 0.31 3.54 7.14 41.36 88.42
    SD-12 0.92 0.36 7.07 0.00 15.73 0.15 21.21 2.98 50.82 99.24
    0.06 5.24 6.37 0.15 4.20 0.16 6.75 27.08 49.93 99.94
    0.66 0.32 6.92 0.02 15.88 0.15 20.75 3.28 50.52 98.49
    0.03 0.07 24.88 36.95 0.33 0.13 0.02 37.69 100.09
    0.05 24.93 0.03 35.03 0.35 0.27 0.04 39.63 100.32
    SD-19 0.03 0.03 27.06 0.03 37.26 0.40 0.24 0.02 38.39 103.45
    8.86 3.59 0.15 3.41 0.08 0.87 20.86 66.90 104.70
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-04-07
  • 修回日期:  2023-12-06
  • 刊出日期:  2024-01-28

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