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塔河油田盐下地区原油地球化学特征及不同期次油气成藏贡献

徐勤琪 储呈林 郭小文 刘永立 张黎 罗明霞

徐勤琪, 储呈林, 郭小文, 刘永立, 张黎, 罗明霞. 塔河油田盐下地区原油地球化学特征及不同期次油气成藏贡献[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(1): 111-123. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401111
引用本文: 徐勤琪, 储呈林, 郭小文, 刘永立, 张黎, 罗明霞. 塔河油田盐下地区原油地球化学特征及不同期次油气成藏贡献[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(1): 111-123. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401111
XU Qinqi, CHU Chenglin, GUO Xiaowen, LIU Yongli, ZHANG Li, LUO Mingxia. Geochemical characteristics of crude oil and contributions to hydrocarbon accumulation in multiple stages in Tahe subsalt area[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(1): 111-123. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401111
Citation: XU Qinqi, CHU Chenglin, GUO Xiaowen, LIU Yongli, ZHANG Li, LUO Mingxia. Geochemical characteristics of crude oil and contributions to hydrocarbon accumulation in multiple stages in Tahe subsalt area[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(1): 111-123. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401111

塔河油田盐下地区原油地球化学特征及不同期次油气成藏贡献

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401111
基金项目: 

中国石化科技部项目“塔北奥陶系油气富集规律与增储目标评价” P21048-3

详细信息
    作者简介:

    徐勤琪(1985-), 男, 副研究员, 从事石油地质、油气成藏研究。E-mail: xuqq.xbsj@sinopec.com

  • 中图分类号: TE122.11

Geochemical characteristics of crude oil and contributions to hydrocarbon accumulation in multiple stages in Tahe subsalt area

  • 摘要: 对于多旋回叠合盆地,油气藏形成的过程往往伴随着多期次的原油充注,但并非每一期原油充注都对现今油藏形成起到关键作用。流体包裹体方法只能对原油充注期次和时间进行限定,而无法确定各期充注原油对油藏的贡献。针对上述问题,以塔河油田盐下地区奥陶系碳酸盐岩油藏为例,采用原油地球化学、流体包裹体法、荧光光谱和单井模拟分析方法,系统揭示了研究区原油的荧光特征、油气成藏期次和成藏时间。原油生物标志化合物参数分析结果表明,其母质相同且沉积于海相弱还原环境,再通过与研究区烃源岩进行油源对比,确定了原油均来自下寒武统玉尔吐斯组烃源岩。原油芳烃中甲基菲指数和二苯并噻吩参数是定量评价原油成熟度的有效指标,计算得到塔河油田盐下地区原油成熟度(Ro)在0.90%~1.47%之间,可能对应了多期油气充注。此外,在对盐下地区奥陶系储层油包裹体荧光光谱分析、共生盐水包裹体测温和测盐的基础上,结合单井埋藏史和热史模拟,确定盐下地区存在加里东中期(420 Ma)、海西中期(318 Ma)和喜马拉雅晚期(10 Ma)3期原油充注。对比原油和3期油包裹体荧光光谱参数,认为喜马拉雅晚期是盐下地区的主成藏期,为盐下地区的奥陶系油藏贡献了最多的原油。

     

  • 图  1  塔河油田盐下地区取样井分布

    Figure  1.  Locations of sampling wells in Tahe subsalt area

    图  2  塔河油田盐下地区原油饱和烃色谱—质谱图

    Figure  2.  Chromatography-mass spectra of saturated hydrocarbon of crude oil from Tahe subsalt area

    图  3  塔河油田盐下地区原油地球化学特征

    LT1井数据引自文献[47]。

    Figure  3.  Geochemical features of crude oil from Tahe subsalt area

    图  4  塔河油田盐下地区原油芳烃参数特征

    Figure  4.  Cross plots of aromatic hydrocarbon parameters in Tahe subsalt area

    图  5  塔河油田盐下地区原油和油包裹体荧光光谱参数相关图

    Figure  5.  Fluorescence spectrum parameters of crude oil and oil inclusions in Tahe subsalt area

    图  6  塔河油田盐下地区方解石脉中典型油包裹体照片

    a.AT25井,O2yj,6 524.70 m,方解石脉中孤立分布的原生油包裹体,椭圆形,透射光;b.a的荧光照片,油包裹体发浅黄色荧光;c.S118井,O2yj,5 952.00 m,裂缝方解石脉体中的次生油包裹体,椭圆形,透射光;d.c的荧光照片,油包裹体发黄色荧光;e.AT25井,O2yj,6 524.70 m,巨晶方解石脉体中的两相次生油包裹体,椭圆形,透射光;f.e的荧光照片,油包裹体发蓝色荧光;g.S118井,O2yj,5 920.00 m,方解石脉体中串珠状分布的次生油包裹体,透射光;h.g的荧光照片,油包裹体发蓝色荧光;i.AT5井,O2yj,6 524.70 m,方解石脉体中的原生油包裹体,油包裹体整体透明,透射光;j.i的荧光照片,油包裹体发蓝色荧光;k.AT5井,O2yj,6 524.70 m,方解石脉体中的次生凝析气包裹体,包裹体的气泡体积较大,整体透明,透射光;l.k的荧光照片,凝析气包裹体发蓝色荧光。

    Figure  6.  Photographs of typical oil inclusions in calcite veins in Tahe subsalt area

    图  7  塔河油田盐下地区重点井盐水包裹体均一温度分布直方图及均一温度—盐度关系

    Figure  7.  Distribution of homogenization temperature and relationship between homogenization temperature and salinity for aqueous inclusions associated with oil inclusions developed in carbonatite samples from typical wells of Tahe subsalt area

    图  8  塔河油田盐下地区TS1井单井模拟及流体包裹体均一温度—埋藏史投影示意

    Figure  8.  Single well simulation of well TS1 and burial curves projected with homogenization temperatures of fluid inclusions in Tahe subsalt area

    表  1  塔河油田盐下地区原油部分生物标志化合物参数

    Table  1.   Part of biomarker parameters of crude oil from Tahe subsalt area

    井号 层位 深度/m 类型 ETR (C19+C20TT)/(C23+C24TT) C24TeT/(C26TT+C24TeT) C19TT/C23TT Pr/Ph Ph/nC18 Pr/nC17 C2720R/% C2820R/% C2920R/%
    AT31 O2yj 5 748~5 890 中质油 0.74 0.70 0.30 0.17 0.58 0.46 0.26 25.40 25.66 48.94
    T913 O2yj 5 970~6 050 轻质油 0.80 0.43 0.30 0.17 1.68 0.09 0.16 20.95 26.87 52.18
    AT40 O2yj 7 106~7 257 凝析油 0.75 0.27 0.32 0.20 0.40 0.71 0.23 35.69 26.68 37.63
    AT17 O2yj 6 375~6 440 轻质油 0.90 0.94 0.34 0.48 0.58 0.18 0.09 23.20 34.90 41.90
    AT5 O2yj 6 555~6 595 凝析油 0.69 0.54 0.36 0.35 0.61 0.34 0.17 24.49 32.13 43.38
    S47 O1-2y 5 346~5 369 重质油 0.71 0.53 0.35 0.21 0.77 0.27 0.20 17.96 29.24 52.80
    T903 T2a 4 612~4 615 中质油 0.70 0.80 0.30 0.17 0.52 0.40 0.17 19.92 30.77 49.31
    AT27X O2yj 6 867~6 996 轻质油 0.79 0.31 0.31 0.29 0.45 0.43 0.18 39.47 22.43 38.10
    TK494 O1-2y 5 419~5 499 重质油 0.80 0.44 0.28 0.37 0.58 0.28 0.15 38.71 20.67 40.62
    TK915 O2yj 5 545~5 760 轻质油 0.73 0.24 0.33 0.24 0.24 0.62 0.15 42.48 22.51 35.01
    TK915-12 O2yj 5 913~6 110 轻质油 0.78 0.43 0.31 0.18 0.45 0.31 0.12 38.19 18.02 43.78
    AT37 O2yj 6 071~6 170 轻质油 0.63 0.93 0.26 0.32 0.35 0.27 0.09 32.24 31.58 36.17
    TK915-2 O2yj 5 926~6 007 轻质油 0.73 0.59 0.29 0.17 0.34 0.52 0.13 26.60 14.26 59.14
    AT21X O2yj 6 408~6 460 轻质油 0.76 0.58 0.30 0.19 0.33 0.55 0.13 23.02 19.44 57.54
    AT16 O2yj 6 553~6 647 轻质油 0.74 0.60 0.31 0.15 0.35 0.19 0.07 30.78 19.65 49.57
    AT18 O2yj 6 574~6 612 轻质油 0.79 0.43 0.47 0.47 0.35 0.19 0.06 27.75 17.23 55.02
    AT20 O2yj 6 100~6 130 轻质油 0.81 0.85 0.42 0.42 0.27 0.40 0.08 35.17 15.54 49.30
    AT22 O2yj 6 271~6 404 轻质油 0.80 0.59 0.46 0.54 0.38 0.62 0.17 29.32 15.36 55.32
    AT24X O2yj 6 060~6 175 轻质油 0.63 0.93 0.42 0.29 0.52 0.47 0.21 24.05 16.33 59.63
    AT11 T2a 4 167~4 167 轻质油 0.81 0.26 0.41 0.11 0.54 0.37 0.18 27.21 13.17 59.62
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  塔河油田盐下地区原油芳烃成熟度参数

    Table  2.   Aromatic geochemical parameters of crude oil from Tahe subsalt area

    井名 层位 深度/m MPI-1 MPI-2 TMNR TeMNR 4-MDBT/1-MDBT MDBI K2, 4 K4, 6 TNR-1 TNR-2 F1 F2
    AT31 O2yj 5 748~5 890 0.78 0.92 0.73 0.77 5.76 0.66 1.25 2.72 0.83 0.72 0.41 0.26
    T913 O2yj 5 970~6 050 0.56 0.61 0.93 0.95 25.17 0.79 2.01 5.67 1.28 0.82 0.53 0.30
    AT40 O2yj 7 106~7 257 1.32 1.50 0.80 0.83 35.24 0.72 3.64 8.19 1.36 0.92 0.54 0.31
    AT17 O2yj 6 375~6 440 0.73 0.86 0.75 0.81 9.45 0.59 2.21 4.98 0.85 0.74 0.56 0.30
    AT5 O2yj 6 555~6 595 1.09 1.27 0.83 0.89 3.15 0.55 2.21 4.98 1.28 0.82 0.51 0.29
    S47 O1-2y 5 346~5 369 0.94 1.07 0.79 0.88 9.52 0.65 1.52 3.33 1.25 0.85 0.35 0.19
    T903 T2a 4 612~4 615 0.60 0.69 0.67 0.74 4.97 0.54 1.03 2.61 0.82 0.70 0.37 0.22
    AT27X O2yj 6 867~6 996 0.83 0.98 0.68 0.74 6.70 0.65 1.48 3.82 0.92 0.74 0.45 0.25
    TK494 O1-2y 5 419~5 499 0.46 0.50 0.59 0.67 2.71 0.43 1.01 2.34 0.56 0.57 0.32 0.18
    TK915 O2yj 5 545~5 760 1.25 1.47 0.95 0.96 39.77 0.61 2.84 7.27 1.49 1.09 0.67 0.35
    TK915-12 O2yj 5 913~6 110 0.82 0.98 0.61 0.64 8.75 0.59 1.61 4.06 1.01 0.78 0.46 0.28
    AT37 O2yj 6 071~6 170 0.74 0.88 0.81 0.82 3.15 0.55 1.39 3.32 0.91 0.76 0.44 0.26
    TK915-2 O2yj 5 926~6 007 0.60 0.68 0.68 0.71 17.58 0.73 1.08 2.53 0.68 0.66 0.47 0.27
    AT21X O2yj 6 408~6 460 0.61 0.70 0.68 0.70 3.68 0.46 1.79 4.77 0.66 0.64 0.37 0.20
    AT16 O2yj 6 553~6 647 0.79 0.92 0.79 0.85 3.13 0.55 2.15 5.53 0.85 0.74 0.46 0.26
    AT18 O2yj 6 574~6 612 0.71 0.81 0.82 0.87 12.56 0.69 1.14 2.79 0.86 0.74 0.45 0.25
    AT20 O2yj 6 100~6 130 0.77 0.87 0.82 0.88 6.70 0.65 2.25 5.74 0.91 0.76 0.55 0.30
    AT22 O2yj 6 271~6 404 0.71 0.82 0.66 0.81 35.24 0.72 1.48 3.90 0.98 0.72 0.42 0.24
    AT24X O2yj 6 060~6 175 0.64 0.73 0.67 0.79 3.15 0.55 1.39 3.54 0.75 0.66 0.40 0.23
    AT11 T2a 4 167~4 167 0.91 1.00 0.64 0.64 6.33 0.56 1.09 2.80 1.36 0.92 0.48 0.26
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-04-27
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