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准噶尔盆地东北缘上石炭统巴山组烃源岩沉积环境分析及物源示踪——来自泥岩地球化学的证据

蔡倩茹 王金铎 张关龙 宋智华 王圣柱 熊峥嵘 倪胜利

蔡倩茹, 王金铎, 张关龙, 宋智华, 王圣柱, 熊峥嵘, 倪胜利. 准噶尔盆地东北缘上石炭统巴山组烃源岩沉积环境分析及物源示踪——来自泥岩地球化学的证据[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(1): 146-157. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401146
引用本文: 蔡倩茹, 王金铎, 张关龙, 宋智华, 王圣柱, 熊峥嵘, 倪胜利. 准噶尔盆地东北缘上石炭统巴山组烃源岩沉积环境分析及物源示踪——来自泥岩地球化学的证据[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(1): 146-157. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401146
CAI Qianru, WANG Jinduo, ZHANG Guanlong, SONG Zhihua, WANG Shengzhu, XIONG Zhengrong, NI Shengli. Research on sedimentary environment and provenance for hydrocarbon source rocks of Upper Carboniferous Batamayineishan Formation in northeastern Junggar Basin: evidences from the geochemistry of mudstones[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(1): 146-157. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401146
Citation: CAI Qianru, WANG Jinduo, ZHANG Guanlong, SONG Zhihua, WANG Shengzhu, XIONG Zhengrong, NI Shengli. Research on sedimentary environment and provenance for hydrocarbon source rocks of Upper Carboniferous Batamayineishan Formation in northeastern Junggar Basin: evidences from the geochemistry of mudstones[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(1): 146-157. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401146

准噶尔盆地东北缘上石炭统巴山组烃源岩沉积环境分析及物源示踪——来自泥岩地球化学的证据

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202401146
基金项目: 

中国石化科技攻关项目 P21077-1

中国石化胜利油田博士后项目 YKB2301

详细信息
    作者简介:

    蔡倩茹(1992-), 女, 博士, 助理研究员, 从事火山岩和沉积岩地球化学研究。E-mail: cqrcqr92@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TE122.1

Research on sedimentary environment and provenance for hydrocarbon source rocks of Upper Carboniferous Batamayineishan Formation in northeastern Junggar Basin: evidences from the geochemistry of mudstones

  • 摘要: 烃源岩分布规律和生烃潜力是制约准噶尔盆地东北地区油气勘探的关键因素之一,而沉积背景和环境变化是控制烃源岩成因、分布以及有机质类型的主要因素,沉积岩中的主微量元素、稀土元素等在沉积过程中往往受古气候、古水体化学条件、古环境以及古物源的影响。因此,通过对沉积岩中元素分布规律的全面分析,有助于确定沉积环境和演变过程。对准噶尔盆地东北缘富蕴地区上石炭统巴山组暗色泥岩样品的主微量元素、稀土元素进行地球化学特征分析,结合样品的岩石学特征,揭示古沉积环境和物源区构造背景,为烃源岩形成和发育条件提供地质约束。泥岩的化学风化作用指标、元素含量和元素比值的综合分析表明,巴山组沉积期的古气候条件温暖湿润、水体属氧化条件下的半咸水—淡水,且水体较浅、沉积速率相对稳定。主微量元素特征指示母岩类型主要为沉积岩和长英质火山岩,物源来自卡拉麦里岛弧酸性火成岩区的风化产物,反映了后碰撞阶段由挤压向伸展的构造转变。沉积环境和构造背景控制陆源高等植物输入增多,烃源岩有机质丰度中等,具有一定的生烃潜力。

     

  • 图  1  准噶尔盆地东北缘地质概况和采样位置

    据参考文献[9]修改。

    Figure  1.  Geological sketch map of northeastern Junggar Basin with sampling locations

    图  2  准噶尔盆地东北缘上石炭统巴山组泥岩野外特征(a-c)及岩石薄片(d-f)

    Figure  2.  Characteristics for mudstones of Upper Carboniferous Batamayineshan Formation in outcrops(a-c) and rock slices(d-f) from northeastern Junggar Basin

    图  3  准噶尔盆地东北缘晚石炭世沉积环境地球化学参数变化

    Figure  3.  Geochemical variations for sedimentary environment of northeastern Junggar Basin during Late Carboniferous

    图  4  准噶尔盆地东北缘上石炭统巴山组泥岩A-CN-K三角图

    据参考文献[21]修改;PAAS为后太古宙澳大利亚页岩。

    Figure  4.  Triangular A-CN-K diagram for mudstones of Upper Carboniferous Batamayineshan Formation in northeastern Junggar Basin

    图  5  准噶尔盆地东北缘上石炭统巴山组泥岩Ni/Co-U/Th(a)[27]、UEF-MoEF(b)[28]、Sr-Ba(c)[29]、V-Ba(d)[30]判别

    Figure  5.  Discriminant diagrams for Ni/Co-U/Th(a), UEF-MoEF(b), Sr-Ba(c), and V-Ba(d) for mudstones of Upper Carboniferous Batamayineshan Formation in northeastern Junggar Basin

    图  6  准噶尔盆地东北缘上石炭统巴山组泥岩沉积构造环境判别[36]

    Figure  6.  Discriminant diagrams for tectonic settings of mudstones of Upper Carboniferous Batamayineshan Formation in northeastern Junggar Basin

    图  7  准噶尔盆地东北缘上石炭统巴山组泥岩沉积物源区判别

    a图F1-F2图解据参考文献[30]修改,b图La/Sc-Co/Th图解据参考文献[37]修改。

    Figure  7.  Discriminant diagrams for provenance of mudstones of Upper Carboniferous Batamayineshan Formation in northeastern Junggar Basin

    表  1  准噶尔盆地东北缘上石炭统巴山组泥岩样品主微量元素和地球化学指标数据

    Table  1.   Major and trace elements and calculated geochemical indicators of mudstones in Upper Carboniferous Batamayineshan Formation, northeastern Junggar Basin

    主微量元素与地化指标 采样地区和样品号
    五彩城 尖山沟
    W1 W2 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 J1 J2
    SiO2/% 60.2 64.5 61.7 61.3 62.0 61.4 57.6 59.1 59.1 57.1 62.8 55.3 52.5 49.6
    Al2O3/% 14.9 15.0 15.4 17.4 15.4 15.0 15.6 17.4 17.6 11.7 17.1 18.6 17.8 17.6
    CaO/% 3.1 1.3 3.4 1.1 1.2 2.1 2.4 0.6 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.6 2.1
    Fe2O3/% 7.5 6.1 5.1 5.5 6.3 6.7 7.9 7.1 6.3 15.2 3.8 6.1 5.8 5.2
    K2O/% 1.4 2.3 1.9 2.8 2.6 1.9 1.8 2.2 2.1 0.7 2.2 2.4 1.4 1.3
    MgO/% 1.2 1.5 1.2 1.4 1.5 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.2 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.0
    Na2O/% 3.8 2.1 3.4 2.5 2.4 3.2 3.0 2.6 1.8 2.0 2.3 2.0 2.3 2.3
    TiO2/% 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
    Li/(μg/g) 65.2 64.2 39.4 39.3 41.0 29.3 44.3 27.6 28.9 215.0 38.6 47.8 32.8 38.5
    Sc/(μg/g) 12.1 14.0 12.4 15.0 14.5 15.7 15.7 18.3 16.7 11.0 12.9 17.7 14.0 14.7
    V/(μg/g) 88.3 118.0 76.5 82.0 118.0 117.0 127.0 128.0 114.0 122.0 77.1 105.0 94.6 95.6
    Cr/(μg/g) 41.2 24.6 39.4 21.9 20.7 25.5 32.9 26.2 25.1 27.0 21.0 20.9 16.6 18.7
    Co/(μg/g) 10.0 8.3 9.2 8.1 10.3 9.8 18.2 10.3 10.9 12.3 5.3 12.0 3.1 6.9
    Ni/(μg/g) 12.7 12.7 16.3 11.1 15.2 14.3 17.3 14.1 15.9 16.6 6.1 12.7 7.7 10.3
    Cu/(μg/g) 24.5 30.0 18.8 26.2 34.1 31.0 33.6 37.7 37.2 26.4 25.2 37.8 32.9 34.2
    Zn/(μg/g) 74.1 66.2 62.3 81.6 77.3 78.3 82.9 94.3 89.1 92.1 63.6 98.0 63.8 79.0
    Ga/(μg/g) 19.6 21.3 19.6 23.6 22.2 21.4 24.4 24.5 24.2 17.1 21.7 25.7 23.4 23.4
    Rb/(μg/g) 61.8 102.0 68.9 96.3 86.3 74.7 70.6 78.5 71.8 25.7 70.2 89.0 52.7 46.6
    Sr/(μg/g) 249 137 198 149 218 256 230 153 194 110 169 201 243 282
    Zr/(μg/g) 236 255 242 309 256 253 266 290 282 181 246 284 268 287
    Mo/(μg/g) 1.7 2.8 3.1 3.2 4.2 4.0 5.9 1.4 1.8 7.3 2.8 1.1 2.5 1.5
    Ba/(μg/g) 179 270 263 410 639 356 403 376 306 137 341 309 205 181
    Th/(μg/g) 4.6 7.1 5.5 7.3 7.5 6.5 7.3 8.4 8.3 5.3 6.9 8.1 7.4 7.9
    U/(μg/g) 2.0 2.5 1.8 2.2 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.2 2.2 2.5 6.1 2.9
    SiO2/Al2O3 4.0 4.3 4.0 3.5 4.0 4.1 3.7 3.4 3.4 4.9 3.7 3.0 2.9 2.8
    CaO+Na2O 6.8 3.3 6.9 3.6 3.6 5.3 5.4 3.2 2.8 3.0 3.5 3.1 3.9 4.4
    Sr/Ba 1.4 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.7 1.2 1.6
    Sr/Cu 10.2 4.6 10.6 5.7 6.4 8.3 6.9 4.1 5.2 4.2 6.7 5.3 7.4 8.2
    V/Cr 2.1 4.8 1.9 3.7 5.7 4.6 3.9 4.9 4.6 4.5 3.7 5.0 5.7 5.1
    U/Th 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.4
    Ni/Co 1.3 1.5 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1 2.5 1.5
    Cu/Zn 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
    Rb/Zr 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
    Co/Th 2.2 1.2 1.7 1.1 1.4 1.5 2.5 1.2 1.3 2.3 0.8 1.5 0.4 0.9
    CIA 65.8 74.1 64.9 74.3 72.1 69.7 69.8 78.4 79.8 80.7 76.2 78.6 77.7 76.5
    CIW 70.3 83.5 70.6 84.4 82.4 76.6 75.9 86.9 87.9 84.7 84.5 87.6 82.9 81.1
    PIA 68.1 81.1 67.8 81.9 79.5 74.0 73.6 85.3 86.6 83.9 82.7 86.0 81.6 79.9
    F1 -3.9 -2.3 -1.3 -0.8 -1.4 -3.0 -4.3 -3.5 -3.7 -17.0 -1.3 -2.9 -4.1 -3.9
    F2 -5.1 -2.7 -3.1 -2.2 -2.6 -4.9 -5.6 -4.5 -4.0 -14.0 -2.8 -3.7 -3.8 -3.4
    UEF 0.59 0.75 0.54 0.58 0.81 0.79 0.7. 0.69 0.69 0.84 0.59 0.61 0.92 0.62
    MoEF 0.73 1.23 1.31 1.2. 1.76 1.76 2.48 0.51 0.65 4.07 1.08 0.4 0.2 0.2
    主微量元素与地化指标 采样地区和样品号
    白碱沟 帐篷沟 扎河坝 拜尔库都克
    BJ1 BJ2 BJ3 ZP1 ZP2 ZH1 ZH2 ZH3 ZH4 B1 B2 B3 B4
    SiO2/% 66.0 52.9 52.9 56.2 52.7 55.8 53.5 55.7 56.0 75.7 58.1 60.5 62.1
    Al2O3/% 14.6 24.1 25.8 15.8 19.0 15.4 15.3 15.7 13.8 7.8 18.4 18.5 16.8
    CaO/% 1.4 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.5 1.9 2.2 1.4 2.3 1.2 0.9 0.4 0.8
    Fe2O3/% 5.9 2.4 3.0 4.0 2.7 3.2 2.1 2.6 1.4 4.8 2.4 2.8 4.8
    K2O/% 2.4 2.5 3.2 0.7 0.6 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 0.5 3.2 3.2 3.3
    MgO/% 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.5 0.9 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.9 1.2 1.2 1.7
    Na2O/% 2.6 2.6 2.4 3.0 2.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 4.2 1.7 2.1 1.2
    TiO2/% 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.0 0.7 1.1 0.9 0.8
    Li/(μg/g) 26.1 33.1 42.2 18.3 15.2 20.9 19.2 24.6 18.8 31.5 20.0 12.2 23.6
    Sc/(μg/g) 12.0 20.0 11.7 12.1 15.4 13.4 13.2 11.7 12.9 14.6 8.9 10.5 10.6
    V/(μg/g) 69.5 93.4 38.0 60.0 83.7 188.0 188.0 180.0 184.0 103.0 114.0 94.4 99.5
    Cr/(μg/g) 31.2 14.4 11.1 24.9 11.8 65.6 72.4 64.3 60.9 86.0 109 64.0 38.6
    Co/(μg/g) 8.5 2.7 16.1 5.0 10.2 5.7 27.3 14.7 10.9 7.1 7.4 7.7 8.8
    Ni/(μg/g) 10.3 6.5 4.5 6.0 11.0 44.0 63.7 44.3 46.0 10.8 33.9 18.4 19.4
    Cu/(μg/g) 15.5 50.9 12.9 26.2 33.5 50.5 58.1 51.0 53.7 46.3 47.9 40.3 32.9
    Zn/(μg/g) 70.5 76.1 64.3 110.0 91.7 52.8 114.0 97.2 79.9 59.9 61.4 46.3 63.9
    Ga/(μg/g) 19.2 31.0 37.9 25.2 26.0 19.4 18.7 19.8 17.2 12.8 23.2 22.7 20.1
    Rb/(μg/g) 61.7 64.0 94.0 22.7 18.3 37.4 38.0 34.5 35.2 7.5 93.8 87.4 86.4
    Sr/(μg/g) 195 133 65 87 56 407 363 282 327 286 103 106 155
    Zr/(μg/g) 224 348 349 472 326 304 278 312 280 196 291 297 182
    Mo/(μg/g) 0.5 0.7 4.8 1.6 3.5
    Ba/(μg/g) 727 428 535 73 78 229 218 361 277 486 511 435 599
    Th/(μg/g) 6.9 10.1 15.0 9.0 8.3 7.8 7.2 7.1 7.0 4.6 8.8 10.6 6.9
    U/(μg/g) 3.0 3.3 2.5 5.0 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.5 2.8 1.4 11.4 7.6 3.8
    La/(μg/g) 46.5 45.8 43.7 48.2 16.9 31.8 29.2 22.7
    Ce/(μg/g) 93.1 92.9 88.7 94.2 39.1 55.0 59.0 44.2
    Pr/(μg/g) 11.8 11.4 11.2 11.7 4.4 7.3 7.5 5.7
    Nd/(μg/g) 45.9 44.8 43.3 45.9 17.9 29.1 29.2 22.0
    Sm/(μg/g) 9.7 9.2 8.9 9.5 3.9 6.1 6.6 4.7
    Eu/(μg/g) 1.9 2.1 1.9 2.0 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.9
    Gd/(μg/g) 8.4 8.0 7.3 8.3 3.1 5.7 5.8 4.2
    Tb/(μg/g) 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.4 0.5 1.1 1.1 0.8
    Dy/(μg/g) 8.5 7.8 6.9 8.2 3.0 6.6 6.6 4.8
    Ho/(μg/g) 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.7 0.6 1.4 1.4 1.0
    Er/(μg/g) 4.9 4.7 4.1 4.8 1.7 3.8 3.8 3.0
    Tm/(μg/g) 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.4
    Yb/(μg/g) 4.6 4.4 3.8 4.5 1.8 3.3 3.5 3.0
    Lu/(μg/g) 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.4
    SiO2/Al2O3 4.5 2.2 2.0 3.6 2.8 3.6 3.5 3.5 4.1 9.7 3.2 3.3 3.7
    CaO+Na2O 4.1 3.2 2.7 3.7 3.1 2.6 3.0 2.4 3.1 5.4 2.5 2.6 2.0
    Sr/Ba 0.3 0.3 0.1 1.2 0.7 1.8 1.7 0.8 1.2 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.3
    Sr/Cu 12.6 2.6 5.0 3.3 1.7 8.1 6.3 5.5 6.1 6.2 2.2 2.6 4.7
    V/Cr 2.2 6.5 3.4 2.4 7.1 2.9 2.6 2.8 3.0 1.2 1.0 1.5 2.6
    U/Th 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 1.3 0.7 0.6
    Ni/Co 1.2 2.4 0.3 1.2 1.1 7.7 2.3 3.0 4.2 1.5 4.6 2.4 2.2
    Cu/Zn 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.5
    Rb/Zr 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.5
    Co/Th 1.2 0.3 1.1 0.6 1.2 0.7 3.8 2.1 1.5 1.5 0.8 0.7 1.3
    CIA 70.8 81.8 82.4 79.6 84.8 99.4 105.0 89.0 107.0 58.3 77.4 77.5 77.1
    CIW 80.0 89.5 91.8 82.4 87.2 108.0 115.0 95.5 118.0 60.7 89.5 89.6 90.8
    PIA 77.0 88.4 90.7 81.7 86.8 109.0 116.0 95.1 120.0 59.0 87.6 87.7 88.8
    REE/10-6 242 238 226 244 95 155 157 119
    LREE/HREE 6.8 7.1 7.7 7.0 7.4 5.7 5.7 5.7
    (La/Yb)N 6.9 7.0 7.8 7.3 6.5 6.6 5.6 5.2
    F1 -1.8 -1.0 -1.4 -3.9 -3.3 -3.0 -1.9 -2.0 -1.1 -0.7 1.6 1.2 -0.1
    F2 -4.0 -1.6 -2.4 -3.5 -1.5 -1.2 -0.2 0.2 0.4 -1.9 0.4 -0.5 -0.4
    UEF 0.44 1.55 0.75 1.44 0.80
    MoEF 1.20 0.92 0.57 0.65 1.22
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-05-29
  • 修回日期:  2023-12-06
  • 刊出日期:  2024-01-28

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