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川东南地区中二叠统茅口组三段白云岩成因机理

杨浩 潘磊 全力 李让彬 王广伟 高俊杰 周玲 徐芮

杨浩, 潘磊, 全力, 李让彬, 王广伟, 高俊杰, 周玲, 徐芮. 川东南地区中二叠统茅口组三段白云岩成因机理[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(2): 311-318. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202402311
引用本文: 杨浩, 潘磊, 全力, 李让彬, 王广伟, 高俊杰, 周玲, 徐芮. 川东南地区中二叠统茅口组三段白云岩成因机理[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(2): 311-318. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202402311
YANG Hao, PAN Lei, QUAN Li, LI Rangbin, WANG Guangwei, GAO Junjie, ZHOU Ling, XU Rui. Genetic mechanism of dolomite in third member of Maokou Formation in Middle Permian, southeastern Sichuan Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(2): 311-318. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202402311
Citation: YANG Hao, PAN Lei, QUAN Li, LI Rangbin, WANG Guangwei, GAO Junjie, ZHOU Ling, XU Rui. Genetic mechanism of dolomite in third member of Maokou Formation in Middle Permian, southeastern Sichuan Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(2): 311-318. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202402311

川东南地区中二叠统茅口组三段白云岩成因机理

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202402311
基金项目: 

泰山学者工程专项经费 tsqn202211073

详细信息
    作者简介:

    杨浩(1996—),男,硕士生,从事碳酸盐岩储层研究。E-mail: stormra@hotmail.com

    通讯作者:

    王广伟(1986—),男,博士,副教授,从事储层沉积学研究。E-mail: wanggw@upc.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TE122.21

Genetic mechanism of dolomite in third member of Maokou Formation in Middle Permian, southeastern Sichuan Basin

  • 摘要: 白云岩是四川盆地海相层系最为重要的天然气储层类型之一,也是深层碳酸盐岩油气勘探的重点,白云岩成因机理的研究是预测深层优质白云岩储层分布的基础。通过川东南地区茅口组三段白云岩露头、岩心、薄片等资料,结合碳氧同位素、锶同位素、稀土元素等研究了白云岩的成因机理。川东南地区茅三段白云岩可分为层状粉晶白云岩、层状细—中晶白云岩以及鞍形白云石胶结物。层状细—中晶白云岩是最主要的白云岩类型,未受热液影响的该类型白云岩δ18OVPDB值为-7.04‰~-6.08‰,与泥晶灰岩相似,87Sr/86Sr比值为0.707 550~0.707 740,处于同期海水范围值内,主要成因为准同生—埋藏期封闭局限海水渗透回流白云岩化;受到热液影响的该类型白云岩δ18OVPDB值为-7.33‰~-7.11‰,与泥晶灰岩相比略微偏负,87Sr/86Sr比值为0.707 950~0.708 171,高于同期海水。层状粉晶白云岩未明显受到热液影响改造,其成因与上述未受热液影响的层状细—中晶白云岩一致。而溶洞、裂缝中的鞍形白云石胶结物则是热液流体直接沉淀或重结晶所形成,具有较高的87Sr/86Sr比值(均值0.707 970)、明显偏负的δ18OVPDB值(均值-7.32‰)以及Eu的正异常。从层状粉晶白云岩、层状细—中晶白云岩到鞍形白云石胶结物,呈现出一种受控于封闭局限海水到热液流体的梯度性变化,研究区内的白云岩是由多期次流体、多次成岩作用的结果。

     

  • 图  1  川东南地区中二叠统茅口组三段沉积相与岩性柱状图

    Figure  1.  Sedimentary facies and lithological column of third member of Maokou Formation in Middle Permian, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    图  2  川东南地区中二叠统茅口组三段白云岩分布对比

    Figure  2.  Distribution comparison of dolomite in third member of Maokou Formation in Middle Permian, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    图  3  川东南地区中二叠统茅口组三段白云岩宏观特征

    a.深灰色泥晶灰岩与灰色粉晶白云岩成层状沉积,分界明显,泰来601井,茅三段;b.层状白云岩,可见明显残余生物碎屑,同时发育硅质条带、方解石条带,放牛坝剖面,茅三段;c.层状白云岩,见斑马状构造,裂缝和溶洞中发育鞍形白云石、方解石和石英胶结物,放牛坝剖面,茅三段;d.层状细—中晶白云岩,偶见生物碎屑残留,泰来6井,茅三段;e.层状细—中晶白云岩,可见大量残余生物碎屑,黄线内部为鞍形白云石胶结物,红线到黄线内部为受热液影响的白云岩,其余部分为未受热液影响的白云岩,泰来7井,茅三段;f.细—中晶白云岩,裂缝、溶洞中充填大量鞍形白云石,泰来7井,茅三段。

    Figure  3.  Macroscopic characteristics of dolomite from third member of Maokou Formation in Middle Permian, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    图  4  川东南地区中二叠统茅口组三段白云岩微观特征

    a.粉晶白云岩,孔隙几乎不发育,偶见残余生物碎屑,泰来601井,茅三段;b.粉晶白云岩,泰来601井,茅三段;c.b所对应的阴极发光照片,白云石发暗红色光,泥质不发光;d.细—中晶白云岩,部分晶体表明污浊,呈自形—半自形晶,可见颗粒幻影,泰来6井,茅三段;e.细—中晶白云岩,晶体呈自形,可见颗粒幻影,放牛坝剖面,茅三段;f.e所对应的阴极发光照片,白云石晶体呈现出两种发光的特点;g.细—中晶白云岩,晶间孔发育,原始结构保存较好,放牛坝剖面,茅三段;h.左侧为溶洞内充填鞍形白云石胶结物,晶体呈粗晶状,右侧为受热液影响的细晶白云岩,泰来6井,茅三段;i.h所对应的阴极发光照片,鞍形白云石发亮红色光,右侧细晶白云岩受热液影响重结晶后也发亮红色光。

    Figure  4.  Microscopic characteristics of dolomite from third member of Maokou Formation in Middle Permian, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    图  5  川东南地区中二叠统茅口组三段碳酸盐岩碳氧同位素特征

    Figure  5.  Characteristics of δ13CVPDB and δ18OVPDB of carbonate samples from third member of Maokou Formation in Middle Permian, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    图  6  川东南地区中二叠统茅口组三段碳酸盐岩87Sr/86Sr特征

    Figure  6.  Characteristics of 87Sr/86Sr of carbonate samples from third member of Maokou Formation in Middle Permian, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    图  7  川东南地区中二叠统茅口组三段碳酸盐岩稀土元素配分模式

    Figure  7.  REE characteristics of carbonate samples from third member of Maokou Formation in Middle Permian, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    图  8  川东南地区中二叠统茅口组三段白云岩成岩模式

    Figure  8.  Diagenetic model of dolomite in third member of Maokou Formation in Middle Permian, southeastern Sichuan Basin

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-10-24
  • 修回日期:  2024-02-08
  • 刊出日期:  2024-03-28

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