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鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区下古生界走滑断裂特征与油气勘探意义

王启超 刘光祥 吴疆 岳欣欣 孙自明 张军涛 高晓鹏 刘玲 鲁锴 张仲培

王启超, 刘光祥, 吴疆, 岳欣欣, 孙自明, 张军涛, 高晓鹏, 刘玲, 鲁锴, 张仲培. 鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区下古生界走滑断裂特征与油气勘探意义[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(2): 342-353. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202402342
引用本文: 王启超, 刘光祥, 吴疆, 岳欣欣, 孙自明, 张军涛, 高晓鹏, 刘玲, 鲁锴, 张仲培. 鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区下古生界走滑断裂特征与油气勘探意义[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(2): 342-353. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202402342
WANG Qichao, LIU Guangxiang, WU Jiang, YUE Xinxin, SUN Ziming, ZHANG Juntao, GAO Xiaopeng, LIU Ling, LU Kai, ZHANG Zhongpei. Characteristics of Lower Paleozoic strike-slip faults and their significance for oil and gas exploration in Xunyi-Yijun area, Ordos Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(2): 342-353. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202402342
Citation: WANG Qichao, LIU Guangxiang, WU Jiang, YUE Xinxin, SUN Ziming, ZHANG Juntao, GAO Xiaopeng, LIU Ling, LU Kai, ZHANG Zhongpei. Characteristics of Lower Paleozoic strike-slip faults and their significance for oil and gas exploration in Xunyi-Yijun area, Ordos Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(2): 342-353. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202402342

鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区下古生界走滑断裂特征与油气勘探意义

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202402342
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金企业创新发展联合基金项目 U19B6003

中国石化科技部项目 P21088-1

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王启超(1994—),男,硕士,助理研究员,从事构造地质学研究。E-mail: wangqc.syky@sinopec.com

  • 中图分类号: TE122.3

Characteristics of Lower Paleozoic strike-slip faults and their significance for oil and gas exploration in Xunyi-Yijun area, Ordos Basin

  • 摘要: 近年来随着勘探和认识程度的加深,鄂尔多斯盆地不再被认为是“铁板”一块,盆地内多期多套断裂系统对油气成藏的控制作用越来越受重视。选取盆地南部旬邑—宜君(旬宜)地区,基于最新三维地震资料与钻井资料,应用走滑断裂理论模型,开展了断裂几何学与运动学分析,预测了断裂形成机制,并探讨了其对深层碳酸盐岩成储、成藏的控制作用。旬宜地区发育3套断裂系统,且存在深、浅层脱耦现象,下古生界走滑断裂在剖面上呈高陡直立、倾向摆动、“花”状构造等典型特征,平面上表现为“北西部挤压剪切、中部拉张剪切、主干断裂分段变形”。下古生界走滑断裂经历了两期构造活动,其中晚奥陶世至志留纪活动强度较大,为断层主要发育期,中—晚二叠世活动强度较弱,断层呈继承性走滑,形成北东、北西走向两组左行走滑断裂。鄂尔多斯盆地南部可能存在北东和北西向的基底薄弱带,加里东期Ⅱ幕洋盆俯冲闭合向盆内传递应力,斜向挤压导致旬宜地区基底断裂活化,是下古生界走滑断裂系统形成的主要动力机制。下古生界走滑断裂可有效改善深层碳酸盐岩储层物性,形成岩溶型或构造裂缝型优质储层,沿走滑断裂带形成“上生下储—旁生侧储”型成藏组合,是旬宜地区深层油气勘探值得关注的重点领域。

     

  • 图  1  鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区构造位置(a)与地层综合柱状图(b)

    Figure  1.  Structural location (a) and stratigraphic histogram (b) of Xunyi-Yijun area, Ordos Basin

    图  2  鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区典型地震解释剖面

    剖面位置见图 1a

    Figure  2.  Typical interpreted seismic section of Xunyi-Yijun area, Ordos Basin

    图  3  鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区寒武系底界相干属性(a)和断裂分布(b)

    Figure  3.  Coherent attribute (a) and fault distribution (b) of bottom of Cambrian in Xunyi-Yijun area, Ordos Basin

    图  4  鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区1号断裂带平面分段与典型剖面构造样式

    断裂带位置见图 3

    Figure  4.  Plane segments and structural styles of typical sections for No.1 fault belt in Xunyi-Yijun area, Ordos Basin

    图  5  鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区2号断裂带平面分段与典型剖面构造样式

    断裂带位置见图 3

    Figure  5.  Plane segments and structural styles of typical sections for No. 2 fault belt in Xunyi-Yijun area, Ordos Basin

    图  6  鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区2号走滑断裂带关键界面垂向断距统计

    编号位置见图 5

    Figure  6.  Plots of vertical separation at key interfaces along No.2 strike-slip fault belt in Xunyi-Yijun area, Ordos Basin

    图  7  鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区走滑断裂运动学模式

    a, b.里德尔剪切走滑模型;c.尾端马尾状收缩叠瓦扇模型;d.走滑叠接段应变模型。

    Figure  7.  Kinematic models of strike-slip faults in Xunyi-Yijun area, Ordos Basin

    图  8  鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区下古生界走滑断裂形成机制示意

    Figure  8.  Formation mechanism of strike-slip faults in Lower Paleozoic, Xunyi-Yijun area, Ordos Basin

    图  9  鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区马家沟组不同类型储层特征

    a.XY2井,岩心,2 986.1 m,风化壳溶洞发育;b.XY1井,岩心,3 174.8 m,顺高角度裂缝向下发育溶蚀孔洞,方解石充填;c, d.XY1井,岩心,3 177.1 m,高角度裂缝发育,缝面方解石胶结;e.J1井,岩心,3 158.7 m,近垂直微裂缝发育,方解石半充填;f.J1井,单偏光铸体薄片,3 158.8 m, 中—细晶白云岩中裂缝发育,白云石半充填;g.XY1井,单偏光铸体薄片,3 179.9 m,含泥屑粉晶白云岩中微裂缝发育,沥青质半充填—未充填,裂缝间贯通性良好;h.XY2井,成像测井,2 986.5~2 989.2 m,可识别出高角度构造裂缝与溶蚀孔洞。

    Figure  9.  Characteristics of different types of reservoirs in Majiagou Formation, Xunyi-Yijun area, Ordos Basin

    图  10  鄂尔多斯盆地旬宜地区奥陶系顶面古地貌与下古生界断裂叠加

    Figure  10.  Superimposed map of top palaeogeomorphology of Ordovician and Lower Paleozoic faults in Xunyi-Yijun area, Ordos Basin

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-04-13
  • 修回日期:  2024-02-02
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