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构造作用对常规—非常规油气连续聚积耦合成藏控制机制——以川东南平桥地区为例

高令宇 陈孔全 陆建林 汤济广 庹秀松 张斗中 闫春明 庞一桢

高令宇, 陈孔全, 陆建林, 汤济广, 庹秀松, 张斗中, 闫春明, 庞一桢. 构造作用对常规—非常规油气连续聚积耦合成藏控制机制——以川东南平桥地区为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(3): 565-575. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202403565
引用本文: 高令宇, 陈孔全, 陆建林, 汤济广, 庹秀松, 张斗中, 闫春明, 庞一桢. 构造作用对常规—非常规油气连续聚积耦合成藏控制机制——以川东南平桥地区为例[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(3): 565-575. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202403565
GAO Lingyu, CHEN Kongquan, LU Jianlin, TANG Jiguang, TUO Xiusong, ZHANG Douzhong, YAN Chunming, PANG Yizhen. Control mechanism of tectonic action on continuous accumulation and coupling of conventional-unconventional oil and gas reservoirs: a case study of Pingqiao area, southeastern Sichuan Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(3): 565-575. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202403565
Citation: GAO Lingyu, CHEN Kongquan, LU Jianlin, TANG Jiguang, TUO Xiusong, ZHANG Douzhong, YAN Chunming, PANG Yizhen. Control mechanism of tectonic action on continuous accumulation and coupling of conventional-unconventional oil and gas reservoirs: a case study of Pingqiao area, southeastern Sichuan Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(3): 565-575. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202403565

构造作用对常规—非常规油气连续聚积耦合成藏控制机制——以川东南平桥地区为例

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202403565
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金企业创新发展联合基金项目 U19B6003

中国石化科技部项目 P21087-6

详细信息
    作者简介:

    高令宇(1999—),男,硕士生,从事非常规油气—构造地质学研究。E-mail: 2215847926@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    陈孔全(1961—),男,教授,博士生导师,从事非常规油气勘探等方面研究。E-mail: 30760410@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: TE122.3

Control mechanism of tectonic action on continuous accumulation and coupling of conventional-unconventional oil and gas reservoirs: a case study of Pingqiao area, southeastern Sichuan Basin

  • 摘要: 为探索川东南平桥地区构造作用对常规和非常规气藏成藏过程的动态控制作用及差异,基于地震、地质和包裹体等资料,根据断层相关褶皱理论,系统剖析了该区构造特征及演化过程、常规气藏和非常规气藏动态成藏过程及构造对两者影响的差异性,建立了典型常规—非常规油气连续聚集耦合成藏模式。平桥地区位于川东南SE-NW前展式递进变形带中,受多套滑脱层和江南—雪峰造山带联合控制,发育断展构造和背冲构造。平桥背斜构造形成于燕山期。中燕山期,受江南—雪峰构造体系前展式扩展影响,研究区发生NE向强烈断褶作用。晚燕山期—喜马拉雅期川中隆起阻挡和青藏高原隆升使平桥背斜不断抬升;寒武系筇竹寺组和奥陶系五峰组—志留系龙马溪组烃源岩在早燕山期及以前主要经历了长期的埋藏生烃,中燕山期构造变形扩展至研究区,常规气藏储层(洗象池群)、盖层、油气圈闭及运移均受到影响,气藏保存条件较差。非常规气层被改造成为背斜构造,页岩气向背斜核部聚集,整体保存条件较好。晚燕山期—喜马拉雅期,地层隆升泄压,两类气藏保存条件继续变差。因此,构造作用对常规气藏和非常规气藏成藏控制差异体现在控制方式和改造时间上:中燕山期侧向供烃是常规气藏成藏的关键;晚白垩世构造活动改造和晚燕山期—喜马拉雅期构造抬升影响了页岩气的保存。

     

  • 图  1  川东南平桥地区区域地质概况(a)和五峰组底界构造(b)

    a图据参考文献[13]修改。

    Figure  1.  Regional geological overview of Pingqiao area, southeastern Sichuan Basin (a) and bottom boundary structure of Wufeng Formation (b)

    图  2  川东南平桥地区综合柱状图

    据参考文献[18]修改。

    Figure  2.  Comprehensive bar chart of Pingqiao area, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    图  3  川东南南川地区E-W向地质剖面

    剖面位置见图 1

    Figure  3.  E-W geological profile of Nanchuan area, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    图  4  川东南平桥地区构造演化

    剖面位置见图 1

    Figure  4.  Structural evolution of Pingqiao area, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    图  5  川东南平桥地区洗象池群天然气与五峰组—龙马溪组页岩气成分及同位素组分对比

    Figure  5.  Comparison diagram of composition and isotopic composition of natural gas of Xixiangchi Group and shale gas of Wufeng-Longmaxi formations in Pingqiao area, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    图  6  川东南平桥1井筇竹寺组和五峰组—龙马溪组埋藏、生烃及热史曲线

    据参考文献[27]修改。

    Figure  6.  Burial, hydrocarbon generation, and thermal history curves of Qiongzhusi Formation and Wufeng - Longmaxi formations of well Pingqiao 1 in southeastern Sichuan Basin

    图  7  川东南平桥地区洗象池群常规气藏成藏过程示意

    Figure  7.  Formation process of conventional gas reservoirs in Xixiangchi Group, Pingqiao area, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    图  8  川东南平桥地区非常规气藏成藏过程示意

    Figure  8.  Formation process of unconventional gas reservoirs in Pingqiao area, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    表  1  川东南平桥地区龙马溪组与洗象池群样品气体组分

    Table  1.   Gas composition of samples from Longmaxi and Xixiangchi formations of Pingqiao area, southeastern Sichuan Basin

    序号 层位 气体组分/%
    甲烷 乙烷 丙烷 二氧化碳 硫化氢 氮气 氢气 氦气
    1 龙马溪组 99.04 0.46 0.01 0.3 0 0.11 0.03 0.05
    2 龙马溪组 98.58 0.45 0.01 0.33 0 0.56 0.02 0.05
    3 洗象池群 95.65 0.33 0.01 2.48 0.48 0.89 0.11 0.05
    4 洗象池群 95.46 0.33 0.01 1.86 0.49 1.77 0.03 0.05
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-17
  • 修回日期:  2024-02-20
  • 刊出日期:  2024-05-28

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