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海相页岩芳烃演化规律及成熟度指示意义——来自西加拿大盆地二白斑组自然演化与热模拟样品的对比研究

葛祝时 左兆喜 肖七林 郑伦举 黄海平

葛祝时, 左兆喜, 肖七林, 郑伦举, 黄海平. 海相页岩芳烃演化规律及成熟度指示意义——来自西加拿大盆地二白斑组自然演化与热模拟样品的对比研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(3): 590-600. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202403590
引用本文: 葛祝时, 左兆喜, 肖七林, 郑伦举, 黄海平. 海相页岩芳烃演化规律及成熟度指示意义——来自西加拿大盆地二白斑组自然演化与热模拟样品的对比研究[J]. 石油实验地质, 2024, 46(3): 590-600. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202403590
GE Zhushi, ZUO Zhaoxi, XIAO Qilin, ZHENG Lunju, HUANG Haiping. Aromatic hydrocarbon evolution patterns and maturity indication significance of marine shale: a comparative study of naturally evolved and thermally simulated samples from the Second White Specks Formation of Cretaceous Colorado Group, Western Canada Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(3): 590-600. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202403590
Citation: GE Zhushi, ZUO Zhaoxi, XIAO Qilin, ZHENG Lunju, HUANG Haiping. Aromatic hydrocarbon evolution patterns and maturity indication significance of marine shale: a comparative study of naturally evolved and thermally simulated samples from the Second White Specks Formation of Cretaceous Colorado Group, Western Canada Basin[J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT, 2024, 46(3): 590-600. doi: 10.11781/sysydz202403590

海相页岩芳烃演化规律及成熟度指示意义——来自西加拿大盆地二白斑组自然演化与热模拟样品的对比研究

doi: 10.11781/sysydz202403590
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金企业创新发展联合基金“海相深层油气富集机理与关键工程技术基础研究” U19B6003

详细信息
    作者简介:

    葛祝时(1998—),男,硕士生,地质学专业。E-mail:1469389687@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: TE122.113

Aromatic hydrocarbon evolution patterns and maturity indication significance of marine shale: a comparative study of naturally evolved and thermally simulated samples from the Second White Specks Formation of Cretaceous Colorado Group, Western Canada Basin

  • 摘要: 选取西加拿大盆地白垩系科罗拉多群二白斑组低成熟海相页岩进行地层孔隙热解生烃模拟实验,利用GC-MS对自然演化系列样品和热模拟系列样品内的芳烃进行了定量分析,系统对比自然演化与热模拟样品芳烃地球化学特征。结果表明:(1)自然系列页岩三甲基萘和四甲基萘、菲和甲基菲绝对含量相对较高,且随着演化程度的增加而增加;热模拟系列页岩内菲和甲基菲绝对含量和变化趋势在较高的热演化程度下依然保持与自然系列相同,而三甲基萘和四甲基萘绝对含量相对较低且变化趋势不同,随成熟度增加表现为先增加后减少。(2)自然系列页岩三甲基萘指数(TMNR)值随埋深增加逐渐增大,而热模拟系列页岩TMNR值表现为先减小后增大;自然系列和热模拟系列页岩四甲基萘指数(TeMNR)值、甲基菲指数(MPI)值变化具有协同性,TeMNR值随成熟度的增加呈先减小后增大,MPI值随成熟度的增加而增加,表明菲系列化合物可有效指示热模拟和自然演化条件下页岩的成熟度。(3)热模拟实验在一定温度内能够较好地反演芳烃热演化历程,即:350 ℃之前热模拟页岩TMNR值与自然演化页岩的规律不同,350 ℃之后相同;425 ℃之前烷基菲相关参数与自然演化页岩的规律相同,超过425 ℃后与自然演化不同,这主要受温度达到临界值而导致芳烃演化机理改变以及升温速率和有机质赋存状态等因素的影响。

     

  • 图  1  西加拿大盆地上白垩统科罗拉多群二白斑组采样位置

    据SYNNOTT等修改[17]

    Figure  1.  Sampling locations of Second White Specks Formation of Cretaceous Colorado Group, Western Canada Basin

    图  2  西加拿大盆地自然演化与热模拟页岩样品Ro随成熟度变化

    Figure  2.  Variations of Ro with maturity of naturally evolved and thermally simulated shale samples from Western Canada Basin

    图  3  西加拿大盆地自然演化和热模拟页岩样品质量色质图(m/z 170和m/z 184)

    Figure  3.  Mass chromatogram (m/z=170 and m/z=184) of naturally evolved and thermally simulated shale samples from Western Canada Basin

    图  4  西加拿大盆地自然演化(a)与热模拟(b)页岩样品质量色质图(m/z 192)

    Figure  4.  Mass chromatogram (m/z=192) of naturally evolved and thermally simulated shale samples from Western Canada Basin

    图  5  西加拿大盆地自然演化与热模拟页岩样品中萘系列化合物绝对含量变化

    Figure  5.  Variations in absolute content of naphthalene series in naturally evolved and thermally simulated shale samples from Western Canada Basin

    图  6  西加拿大盆地自然演化与热模拟页岩样品菲系列化合物绝对含量变化

    Figure  6.  Variations in absolute content of phenanthrene series in naturally evolved and thermally simulated shale samples from Western Canada Basin

    图  7  西加拿大盆地自然演化与热模拟页岩样品甲基萘系列参数变化

    Figure  7.  Variations of methyl naphthalene series parameters in naturally evolved and thermally simulated shale samples from Western Canada Basin

    图  8  西加拿大盆地自然演化与热模拟页岩样品甲基菲相对含量和MPI1指数变化

    Figure  8.  Variations of relative abundance and MPI-1 of various isomers of methylphenanthrene with depth/temperature in naturally evolved and thermally simulated shale samples from Western Canada Basin

    图  9  西加拿大盆地热模拟系列样品菲系列化合物参数变化趋势

    Figure  9.  Trend of variations in parameters of phenanthrene series compounds in thermally simulated series samples from Western Canada Basin

    表  1  西加拿大盆地上白垩统科罗拉多群二白斑组页岩自然系列及热模拟系列原始样品烃源岩特征

    Table  1.   Hydrocarbon source rock characteristics of original samples from naturally evolved and thermally simulated series from Second White Specks Formation of Cretaceous Colorado Group, Western Canada Basin

    井号 深度/m 样品数量 有机碳含量/% 生烃潜量/(mg/g) Ro/% Tmax/℃
    1* 510.00 1 5.85 25.27 0.49 406
    1 502.65~545.32 13 1.83~10.04(5.69) 7.82~53.45(24.92) 0.50 400~432(412)
    2 736.50~745.50 5 3.66~7.44(5.50) 10.62~45.70(26.68) 0.56 412~433(417)
    3 989.55~996.47 5 1.07~4.49(3.73) 2.26~23.53(17.87) 0.60 411~416(414)
    4 1 211.75~1 217.55 3 4.82~7.66(6.05) 28.22~44.23(34.11) 0.66 421~429(424)
    5 1 899.80~1 911.50 5 0.85~1.6(1.18) 1.70~3.05(2.23) 0.81~0.86(0.84) 445~447(445)
    6 2 602.55~2 638.00 12 1.51~2.8(2.11) 2.54~7.29(4.12) 1.18~1.25(1.20) 448~457(453)
    7 2 768.25~3 047.55 49 1.08~3.19(1.94) 0.81~4.87(2.51) 1.36~1.90(1.63) 442~466(456)
    注:表中数据意义为最小值~最大值(平均值);*代表热模拟系列的原始样品。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  西加拿大盆地热模拟样品萘、菲参数

    Table  2.   Parameters of methylphenanthrene in thermally simulated samples from Western Canada Basin

    温度/℃ Ro/% TMNR TeMNR (9+1)-/
    (3+2)-MP
    2, 3-/
    1, 9-DMP
    (2, 3+1, 9)-/
    (1, 8+1, 2)-DMP
    MPI1 MPI2
    200 0.51 0.32 0.51 1.97 0.52 1.21 0.41 0.43
    225 0.54 0.33 0.49 1.58 0.59 1.19 0.49 0.52
    250 0.59 0.34 0.51 1.64 0.84 1.06 0.47 0.51
    275 0.65 0.24 0.45 1.59 1.04 0.79 0.56 0.63
    300 0.76 0.23 0.41 1.38 1.03 0.66 0.67 0.79
    310 0.81 0.22 0.44 1.33 1.47 0.64 0.71 0.89
    325 0.93 0.22 0.41 1.18 1.51 0.75 0.82 1.04
    350 1.10 0.20 0.41 1.02 1.77 0.95 0.92 1.16
    375 1.49 0.29 0.59 0.72 2.60 0.98 1.24 1.53
    400 1.86 0.53 0.67 0.53 5.42 1.15 1.45 1.72
    425 2.15 - 1.00 0.22 17.57 3.09 1.78 2.12
    450 2.28 - - 0.11 13.02 2.93 0.96 1.12
    注:TMNR=(1, 3, 7-)/(1, 3, 7-+1, 2, 5-)TMN;TeMNR=1, 3, 6, 7-TeMN/[1, 3, 6, 7+(1, 2, 5, 6+1, 2, 3, 5)-TeMN];MPI1=1.5×(2-MP+3-MP)/(P+1-MP+9-MP);MPI2=3×(2-MP)/(P+1-MP+9-MP)。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-08-08
  • 修回日期:  2024-04-10
  • 刊出日期:  2024-05-28

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