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石油实验地质  2020, Vol. 42 Issue (2): 186-192    DOI: 10.11781/sysydz202002186
盆地·油藏 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 |
柴达木盆地西部构造演化与差异变形特征及对油田水分布的控制
王琳霖1, 于冬冬2, 浮昀3, 严敏4
1. 中国石化 石油勘探开发研究院, 北京 100083;
2. 中国地质科学院 矿产资源研究所, 北京 100037;
3. 中国石油 长庆油田 第八采油厂 采油工艺研究所, 西安 710018;
4. 中国石油 华北油田 勘探开发研究院, 河北 任丘 062552
Tectonic evolution and differential deformation controls on oilfield water distribution in western Qaidam Basin
WANG Linlin1, YU Dongdong2, FU Yun3, YAN Min4
1. SINOPEC Petroleum Exploration&Production Research Institute, Beijing 100083, China;
2. Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China;
3. Oil Production Technology Institute, Eighth Oil Production Plant, Changqing Oilfield Company, PetroChina, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710018, China;
4. Exploration and Development Research Institute, Huabei Oilfield Company, PetroChina, Renqiu, Hebei 062552, China
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摘要: 基于地震剖面反射结构,分析了新生代以来柴达木盆地西部地区的构造运动学和几何学特征,结合新近系—古近系油田水储集类型和矿化度分布特征,探讨了构造演化和差异变形对柴西地区深层油田水分布的控制作用。柴西地区差异构造变形特征明显,受NW-SE向断裂控制,其中英雄岭构造带具有局部分层差异变形特征。古近系—新近系油田水化学类型、储集类型与矿化程度受控于差异构造变形和多期构造演化。喜马拉雅早期运动形成的蓄水构造和深大断裂为油田水汇聚提供了条件,晚期运动促进了储集空间的进一步形成以及油田水向构造高部位调整。咸化背景下构造裂缝发育的英雄岭和柴西北构造带是高矿化度油田水富集有利区,膏盐岩层控制英雄岭构造带深层油田水的垂向差异分布。
关键词 差异变形控制因素油田水构造演化新生代柴达木盆地西部    
Abstract:The impact of tectonic evolution and differential deformation on the distribution of oilfield water was discussed based on the analysis of tectonic kinematics and geometric characteristics of the western Qaidam Basin combined with the accumulation types and salinity distribution characteristics of oilfield water of the Neogene-Paleogene. The characteristics of differential structural deformation in the western Qaidam Basin are obvious. Controlled by the NW-SE oriented faults, the Yingxiongling Structural Belt features stratified deformation. The hydrochemical types, reservoir types, and salinity of oilfield water of the Neogene-Paleogene are controlled by differential tectonic deformation and multi-phase tectonic evolution. The early Himalayan Movement resulted in water storage structures and deep faults, which provided conditions for the convergence of oilfield water. The late Himalayan Movement promoted the further formation of reservoir space and the adjustment of oilfield water to high structures. The Yingxiongling and northwestern Qaidam structural belts where tectonic fractures develop in saline lacustrine sediments are the favorable areas for salinity enrichment, and the existence of gypsum-salt rock controls the vertical differential distribution of deep brine in the Yingxiongling Structural Belt.
Key wordsdifferential deformation    controlling factor    oilfield water    tectonic evolution    Cenozoic    western Qaidam Basin
收稿日期: 2019-12-02      出版日期: 2020-03-21
ZTFLH:  TE121.1  
基金资助:国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目“鄂尔多斯盆地东缘奥陶纪构造特征及其对成钾凹陷的控制”(41702214)资助。
作者简介: 王琳霖(1986-),男,博士,从事油气地质研究。E-mail:wanglinlin.syky@sinopec.com。
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引用本文:

王琳霖, 于冬冬, 浮昀,等 .柴达木盆地西部构造演化与差异变形特征及对油田水分布的控制[J].石油实验地质,2020,42(2):186-192.
WANG Linlin, YU Dongdong, FU Yun,et al .Tectonic evolution and differential deformation controls on oilfield water distribution in western Qaidam Basin[J].Petroleum Geology & Experiment,2020,42(2):186-192.

链接本文:

http://www.sysydz.net/CN/10.11781/sysydz202002186      或      http://www.sysydz.net/CN/Y2020/V42/I2/186

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